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Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ; 11(3):337-390, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879855


The Muslim community in Indonesia interprets Covid-19 controversially, which may have various consequences. This paper aims to map the pattern of interpretation of Covid-19 among Muslims in Indonesia and analyze how different understandings hindered pandemic crisis countermeasures. The data were obtained from online news and social media, which were then confirmed by open interviews, specifically covering two areas: the respondents' views related to the interpretation of Covid-19 and the bases for their opinion. This study found three types of understanding: First, textual interpretation, in which Covid-19 was interpreted as a 'punishment and a creature of God, so there is no need to be afraid of;instead, we need to get closer to God. Second, contextual interpretation, where Covid-19 was interpreted as a disaster/trial, needs to be addressed by complying with health protocols in Indonesia and improving our spirituality. Third, spiritual interpretation, where Covid-19 was interpreted as a test, so those who passed this test will increase their piety. Thus, the controversy in understanding the substance of the Covid-19 pandemic needs to be overcome. This paper suggests that more intensive education is required to improve public knowledge about the Covid-19 pandemic to prevent further adversity in its countermeasures. © 2022 Naqiyah et al.

Health Sci Rep ; 4(4): e442, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1589102


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new pandemic disease, associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis requires centralized facilities and time. AIMS: To describe the exposure history and clinical picture of the COVID-19 patients, to study the SARS-CoV-2 Virus load and some determinants that may correlate with its prognosis, and to evaluate the role of inflammatory index NLR as an early predictor of COVID-19 prognosis. METHODOLOGY: A prospective follow-up study included laboratory-confirmed 179 COVID-19 cases out of 660 suspected COVID-19 cases, at El-Madinah El-Monawarah General Hospital in April 2020. Confirmed cases were managed by the Saudi Protocol and followed up every 2 weeks by PCR, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for 1 month. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire and by qualified infection control staff. RESULTS: The majority of the COVID-19 cases were 67 (37.4%) aged 30 to <45 years, 157 (87.7%) males, 76.0% working outside the medical field. 38.0% were asymptomatic and 26.3% had severe symptoms, while the main presenting symptoms were fever and dry cough (49.7% and 43.6%), respectively. The case fatality was 7.8%. The male, nonmedical occupation, and low level of education had a statistically significant relationship with the baseline PCR. There was an inverse significant correlation between baseline PCR readings and the recovery duration and health status outcomes. NLR was noted to be significantly higher among old age, illiterate nonmedical occupation, case with severe symptoms, MICU admission, and worst health status outcomes, but it was paradoxically higher among nonadmitted positive cases. CONCLUSION: Admitted COVID-19 cases outcomes (disease severity, ICU admission, and mortality) significantly correlated to NLR and not to the baseline PCR viral load. NLR could be a beneficial prognostic and triaging parameter especially old nonmedical COVID-19 patients.

Tehran University Medical Journal ; 78(12):796-805, 2021.
Article in Persian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1158593


The development of industry and technology, changes in agriculture, trade and global travel, and the adaptation of microorganisms are important factors in the occurrence of emerging diseases. Currently, the world is facing a pandemic caused by an emerging virus called the novel coronavirus (Covid 19) in 2020. This disease led to infect more than one million people worldwide and the death of more than five hundred thousand people during six months. Covid 19 causes death in patients with respiratory problems of varying severity. Fever, soreness, dry coughs, shortness of breath, runny nose, and nasal congestion were observed in coronavirus-infected individuals. Fever was one of its common symptoms. Other unusual signs such as diarrhea and nausea were reported for this disease. For the first time, the bat was introduced as the host of the novel coronavirus in China. Therefore, identifying the initial route of transmission of the novel coronavirus is necessary to prevent the occurrence and its widespread distribution. The virus enters into a human through respiratory particles as well as touching the surfaces contaminated by nasal, mouth and eye secretions. Viruses are obligate intracellular pathogens needing host cells to survive. These microorganisms cannot proliferate in foods and require live cells for existence. Food is introduced as a carrier of viruses to the consumer. There have been no reports of novel coronavirus transmission through food. However, it is important to observe the principles of health and safety by assuming the spread of the virus due to food contamination. Regarding the presence and proliferation of novel coronavirus in the gastrointestinal tract and aerosol formation of this microorganism in the feces and the possibility of retransmitting it to people from various environmental sources, the most important priority is to remove the virus from food environments. It is also important to update the methods of disinfecting surfaces, especially areas with high contact of hand as well as personal hygiene. Therefore, it is recommended to educate the staff about managing the novel coronavirus and improving health guidelines. Furthermore, keeping distance and washing hands is in priority in different food-related environments.