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1.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 50(3): 189-198, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1466864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the emotional effects of COVID-19 among three different groups, namely: health personnel, medical students, and a sample of the general population. METHODS: 375 participants were recruited for this study, of which 125 were medical students (preclinical studies, 59; clinical studies, 66), 125 were health personnel (COVID-19 frontline personnel, 59; personnel not related with COVID-19, 66), and 125 belonged to the general population. The PHQ-9, GAD-7, and CPDI scales were used to assess the emotional impact. A multinomial logistic regression was performed to measure differences between groups, considering potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Regarding CPDI values, all other groups showed reduced values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. However, the general population, preclinical and clinical medical students showed increased PHQ-9 values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. Finally, confounding factors, gender and age correlated negatively with higher CPDI and PHQ-9 scores. CONCLUSIONS: Being frontline personnel is associated with increased COVID-19-related stress. Depression is associated, however, with other groups not directly involved with the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Female gender and younger age correlated with COVID-19-related depression and stress.


Subject(s)
Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/etiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Students, Medical/psychology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Peru/epidemiology , Psychological Tests , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Young Adult
2.
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1253523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The aim of the study is to compare the emotional effects of COVID-19 among three different groups, namely: health personnel, medical students, and a sample of the general population. Methods: 375 participants were recruited for this study, of which 125 were medical students (preclinical studies, 59;clinical studies, 66), 125 were health personnel (COVID-19 frontline personnel, 59;personnel not related with COVID-19, 66), and 125 belonged to the general population. The PHQ-9, GAD-7, and CPDI scales were used to assess the emotional impact. A multinomial logistic regression was performed to measure differences between groups, considering potential confounding factors. Results: Regarding CPDI values, all other groups showed reduced values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. However, the general population, preclinical and clinical medical students showed increased PHQ-9 values compared to COVID-19 frontline personnel. Finally, confounding factors, gender and age correlated negatively with higher CPDI and PHQ-9 scores. Conclusions: Being frontline personnel is associated with increased COVID-19-related stress. Depression is associated, however, with other groups not directly involved with the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Female gender and younger age correlated with COVID-19-related depression and stress. RESUMEN Introducción: El objetivo del estudio es comparar los efectos emocionales de la COVID-19 entre 3 grupos diferentes, a saber: personal de salud, estudiantes de Medicina y una muestra de la población general. Métodos: Se incluyó a 375 participantes en este estudio, de los que 125 eran estudiantes de Medicina (estudios preclínicos, 59;estudios clínicos, 66), 125 eran personal de salud (personal de primera línea contra la COVID-19, 59;personal no relacionado con la COVID-19, 66) y 125 pertenecían a la población general. Las escalas PHQ-9, GAD-7 y CPDI se utilizaron para evaluar el impacto emocional. Se realizó una regresión logística multinomial para medir las diferencias entre grupos, considerando posibles factores de confusión. Resultados: Con respecto a los valores del CPDI, todos los demás grupos mostraron valores reducidos en comparación con el personal de primera línea contra la COVID-19. Sin embargo, la población general y los estudiantes de Medicina preclínica y clínica mostraron un aumento de los valores del PHQ-9 en comparación con el personal en primera línea. Por último, los factores de confusión, sexo y edad se correlacionaron negativamente con puntuaciones más altas del CPDI y el PHQ-9. Conclusiones: Ser personal de primera línea se asocia con más estrés relacionado con la COVID-19. Sin embargo, la depresión está asociada con otros grupos que no están directamente involucrados en el tratamiento de los pacientes con COVID-19. Las mujeres y los participantes más jóvenes se correlacionaron con la depresión y el estrés relacionados con la COVID-19.

3.
Rev. neuropsiquiatr ; 83(4): 228-235, oct-dic 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1146552

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Efectuar una validación de contenido por expertos del Índice de Distrés Peri-traumático relacionado a COVID-19 (CPDI) para su uso en el Perú. Material y Métodos: El CPDI fue traducido al castellano y luego adaptado en una primera ronda de expertos. En una segunda ronda (n = 13), se evaluó la validez del contenido mediante el uso de la V de Aiken (V). Se calculó la V para cada ítem, así como para el instrumento en su conjunto (VTOT). Resultados : De los 24 ítems originales, solo un ítem (S7) presentó valores no significativos para validez de contenido, razón por la que fue eliminado. La escala con 23 ítems no presentó alteraciones en el cálculo de la VTOT. Conclusiones : Sobre la base de su validez de contenido, el CPDI en castellano es adecuado para su aplicación en la población peruana. Quedan por definirse las características psicométricas así como la modificación propuesta del instrumento, mediante estudios cuantitativos en torno a la validez del constructo.


SUMMARY Objectives : To perform an expert validation study of COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI) for its eventual use in Perú. Material and Methods: In a first round by experts, the CPDI was translated into Spanish and then adapted. In a second round, (n = 13), the content validity was evaluated by using Aiken's V (V). The V was calculated for each item, as well as for the whole instrument (VTOT). Results : Of the 24 original items, only one (S7) presented non-significant values for content validity, reason for which it was removed. The final 23-items scale did not present any alterations for the VTOT calculation. Conclusions : On the basis of its adequate content validity, the Spanish version of CPDI is suitable for its application in the Peruvian population. The psychometric characteristics of the instrument, as well as its proposed modification remain to be defined through quantitative studies of the construct validity.

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