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2.
16th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies, CISTI 2021 ; 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1449446

ABSTRACT

The context of the pandemic we experienced, caused by COVID-19, implied the adoption of several measures, in an attempt to limit its dissemination. Among which, there is social isolation and the prohibition of visits to institutionalized elderly people. These measures favor the worsening or onset of mental illnesses in the elderly, including depression. As a way to reduce these consequences, video calls began to be made in the institutions so that users could see and talk to their family/friends. For the realization of video calls, the informal caregivers began to request the WhatsApp application, because it is currently the most used application in this context. This is how we get to the question of this study: Is the digital application WhatsApp adapted for the institutionalized elderly population? This study then aims to: to know the opinion of the elderly about WhatsApp;identify the advantages, obstacles, limitations pointed out by them about this application;reduce the infoexclusion among the elderly population;stimulate the creation/maintenance of digital social networks;decrease consequences of the isolation caused by COVID-19. The methodology adopted for this study was qualitative, being an Exploratory Case Study, based on descriptive logic. A non-probabilistic convenience sample was selected, composed of 5 subjects institutionalized in an institution of Idanha-a-Nova. For data collection, a characterization questionnaire was applied, and the participant was observed in the interaction with WhatsApp, during which the field notes and observation grid were registered and finally the Focus Group technique was used. It was concluded that the application and the equipment itself are not adapted to the institutionalized elderly belonging to this study, mainly due to the difficulty in accessing effectively, efficiently and satisfactorily. © 2021 AISTI.

3.
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control ; 10(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1448322

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Standard precautions (SP) are measures recommended by the World Health Organization for infection control. There are widespread recommendations of security measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives: to investigate adherence of a nursing professionals regarding SP during the COVID-19 pandemic and to examine the association among length of experience, professionals with graduate degrees and workplace setting with the percentage of adherence. Methods: A pilot cross-sectional study was conducted using a validated questionnaire. Nursing professionals working in the front line of the COVID-19 pandemic in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented using absolute and relative frequency. Pearson's Chi-square test ( X2) was used to verify the association between length of experience (years working in nursing), completion of postgraduate studies (certification, master's and doctorate), workplace (public or private) of nursing professionals, and the percentage of total adherence to SP. Results: 169 nursing professionals were evaluated, being 49 (29%) aged between 18 and 24 years old, 44 (26%) with ≤ 1 year of experience in nursing, 81 (48%) with postgraduate studies, and 91 (53.8%) were employed in private health institutions. In terms of adherence to the SP, 157 (92.9%) performed hand hygiene in the intervals of care, with greater adherence after being in contact with biological material 165 (97.6%). The majority of the participants reported always using gloves. There was no adequate adherence to the use of safety glasses, hats, handling with sharps or the notification of accidents at work. Chi-square test did not reveal significant association among the conditions: length of experience, completion of graduate studies and workplace of nursing professionals, with the percentage of total adherence to SP ( X2 (1) = 0.033;p = 0.855), ( X2 (1) = 0.006;p = 0.940), ( X2 (2) = 1.031;p = 0.597), respectively. Conclusion: Nursing professionals' adherence to SP was found to be below the ideal recommendation. Length of experience, having an advanced degree or workplace setting did not influence adherence to SP.

4.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 17(11), 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1409597

ABSTRACT

Background: This study's aims are to assess the current evidence presented in the literature regarding the potential risks of COVID-19 infection among pregnant women and consequent fetal transmission.

6.
IEEE Int. Conf. E-Health Netw., Appl. Serv., HEALTHCOM ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1214727

ABSTRACT

Right after the Chinese example in conducting COVID-19 epidemic originated in Wuhan, the readiness to detect and respond by health authorities to local (sometimes global) epidemics has become central lately. Within the idea of health 4.0, information about the individual is essential in supporting public community health policies. This paper presents a proposal for an epidemiological surveillance system applied to arboviruses. Data mining techniques and Machine Learning (ML) are used to design mathematical models for detecting epidemics enhanced by Aedes Aegypti (vector for dengue, chikungunaya, yellow fever and zica). Based on data, it is proposed an adaptive manner to reach better stability on results. A Prove of Concept (PoC) is presented for dengue epidemics detection, a common endemic disease in the semiarid region of Brazil. © 2021 IEEE.

7.
Revista Brasileira de Politicas Publicas ; 10(2):565-585, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-948141

ABSTRACT

The present article's main aim is to use the decolonial thought that comes with the emergence of the Modernity / Coloniality, in order to understand how the process of expansion of Western Europe's territories in the Global South culminated over the centuries in the colonizing not only of bodies, but of flavors and minds of the ones who were forcefully dominated. Based on the reflections of decolonial author, such as Aníbal Quijano and Maria Lugones, this article discusses the rise of decolonial feminism and its importance for the personal development of the oppressed, who find themselves in the vicinity of society's obscurantism and their own individuality. Through this analysis - having labor relations as a reference - the present work concludes that oppresion is perpetuated against subjects in the post-colonial world, taking into consideration that this same oppresion is even more intense when the intersectionality of race and gender is taken into account. Therefore, we propose a brief normative analysis of domestic labour in Brazil, presenting a portrait of this labour market, concluding these subjects are still inevitably victmized by "the people" and the capital. Finally, this article presents one final reflection on the situation of domestic workers, taking into consideration the severity of the current Covid19 pandemic and its immediate consequences in this field. Finally, this research is based on academic works by authors in line with decolonial epistemological thinking as a way of contributing to a break with the eurocentric knowledge standard and recognizing the importance of the emergence of a new scientific proposal, which should complementarity and not exclusionnary. © 2020 Centro Universitario de Brasilia. All rights reserved.

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