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1.
3rd International Conference on Image Processing and Capsule Networks, ICIPCN 2022 ; 514 LNNS:467-478, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2013947

ABSTRACT

On March 8, 2020, the IEDCR reported three cases of the first corona infection in Bangladesh, and there was a lot of fake news surrounding the virus, which the WHO Director-General called “infodemic”. Infodemic, additional information about any problem that is usually unbelievable, spreads quickly and makes that problem difficult to solve and it is even more dangerous than the Corona epidemic. The misinformation provided by the media, false information, religious discrimination, miraculous remedies, and vague instructions of the government have created panic among the people of Bangladesh. Many news portals are intentionally or accidentally publishing fake news about the covid vaccine, the rate of infection and survival, the situation in other countries, the symptoms, and what to do after being infected. The most widely reported controversy is China’s involvement in the creation and spread of the coronavirus. This article has been proposed in the context of identifying, sorting most of the fake news and misinformation about coronal infodemics in Bangladesh so that the people can take necessary steps accordingly. LSTM-Recurrent Neural Networks have been applied for classification and detection of fake news because RNN can easily detect complex sentences from textual data and LSTM is called a memory network that can easily perform detection work by remembering the sequence of the sentences. RNN has provided the most accuracy between LSTM and RNN models but LSTM has been able to perform the prediction work more accurately than RNN. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2.
Production and Manufacturing Research ; 10(1):519-545, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1931750

ABSTRACT

The COVID19 pandemic has demonstrated a need for remote learning and virtual learning applications such as virtual reality (VR) and tablet-based solutions. Creating complex learning scenarios by developers is highly time-consuming and can take over a year. It is also costly to employ teams of system analysts, developers and 3D artists. There is a requirement to provide a simple method to enable lecturers to create their own content for their laboratory tutorials. Research has been undertaken into developing generic models to enable the semi-automatic creation of virtual learning tools for subjects that require practical interactions with the lab resources. In addition to the system for creating digital twins, a case study describing the creation of a virtual learning application for an electrical laboratory tutorial is presented, demonstrating the feasibility of this approach. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

3.
Global Mental Health ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1882692

ABSTRACT

Objectives: In addition to risking their physical well-being, frontline physicians are enduring significant emotional burden both at work and home during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to investigate the levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and to identify associated factors among Bangladeshi physicians during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods and design: A cross-sectional study using an online survey following a convenience sampling technique was conducted between April 21 and May 10, 2020. Outcomes assessed included demographic questions, COVID-19 related questions, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: The survey was completed by 412 Bangladeshi physicians. The findings revealed that, in terms of standardized HADS cut-off points, the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among physicians was 67.72% and 48.5% respectively. Risk factors for higher rates of anxiety or depressive symptoms were: being female, physicians who had experienced COVID-19 like symptoms during the pandemic, those who had not received incentives, those who used self-funded personal protective equipment (PPE), not received adequate training, lacking perceived self-efficacy to manage COVID-19 positive patients, greater perceived stress of being infected, fear of getting assaulted/humiliated, being more connected with social media, having lower income levels to support the family, feeling more agitated, less than 2 hours of leisure activity per day and short sleep duration. All these factors were found to be positively associated with anxiety and depression in unadjusted and adjusted statistical models. Conclusions: This study identifies a real concern about the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among Bangladeshi physicians and identifies several associated factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the vulnerability of the physicians in this extraordinary period whilst they are putting their own lives at risk to help people infected by COVID-19, health authorities should address the psychological needs of medical staff and formulate effective strategies to support vital frontline health workers.

4.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(3):7-11, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1791226

ABSTRACT

Aim: To review neurological aspects of patients infected with COVID-19 including neurological dysfunctions and possible pathophysiology. Methods: A systematic review of articlesfrom PubMed, Ovid MEDLIN, DOAJ databases and grey literature included the WHO-COVID-19 database, and medRxiv.Articles published from January 2020 until June 2020 were included in the review. Out of the226 titles and s, 213 were identified after the removing duplicates. With a screening of 119 studies carried by all authors, 83 full-text articles were assessed based on inclusion criteria of the neurological perspectives with COVID-19. Subsequently, 45 texts were removed. A total of 38 studies were included in the last scrutiny.Specifically, case reports, cohort studies, and case series were included Results: Reviewed evidence was presented in textual and tabulated format, which includes methodology, characteristics of included studies and summary of findings. Correlational evidence of COVID-19 disease and neurological dysfunctions with possible pathophysiology isreviewed. Conclusion:The findings provide evidence for physicians and neurologists working with COVID-19 patients about the possible probable complications and clinical presentations due to the SARS-CoV-2 infection.

5.
Rawal Medical Journal ; 46(3):698-701, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1357887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate behavioral attitude and compliance of employees in adhering to COVID-19 preventive strategies. Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted in CMH Kharian Medical College in the month of September 2020. Convenient sampling was used 442 employees of CMH Kharian Medical College, including faculty, students and administrative/technical staff were included in the study. Prochaska model of behavior change (PMBC) was used to access behavior pattern. Questions were asked about adhering to WHO advised COVID-19 preventive strategies. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25. Results: Out of 442 participants, 9.7%, 6.8% and 6.6% belonged to a category that didn't see any benefit of using face mask, washing hands for 20 seconds and keeping advised social distancing of minimum 3-6 feet in preventing COVID-19, and they did not have any intention to use these p r e v e n t i v e s t r a t e g i e s (b e l o n g t o P r e-contemplation phase of PMBC). Almost 1.3%, 1.8% and 0.8% of staff belonged to contemplation phase and were of opinion that they were enjoying their own way of life, and they were little concerned that if they continue like this, it might be hazardous to their health. Still they did not adhere to preventive strategies, owing to lack of motivation-hall mark of contemplation phase of PMBC. Conclusion: Majority of personnel (70%) of our medical school were found in maintenance phase once it comes to compliance of preventive strategies. There is dire need to work on remaining 30% of individuals so that those pertaining to pre-contemplation and other three phases do realize the significance of above mentioned preventive strategies in halting the prevention of COVID-19. (Rawal Med J 202;46:698-701).

6.
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences ; 15(5):1014-1016, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1332575

ABSTRACT

Background: The lockdown due to Covid-19 has impacted certain aspects of cognition among medical students. Aim: To explore the impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on metamemory among medical students studying in a private medical college in Pakistan. Study design: Experimental study. Methodology: This study with enrolled students (n=233) was carried out after ethical review committee's (ERC) approval at CMH Kharian Medical College (CKMC), Physiology Department, Kharian-Pakistan. Both male and female medical students were enrolled. In phase 1, the students reported to the Physiology laboratory where age and gender were recorded. Metamemory was measured using the Multi-factorial Memory Questionnaire (MMQ)Satisfaction scale using the Baycrest Centre protocols for its administration and scoring. Data was analyzed by SPSS software, version 21. MMQ-Satisfaction score was presented as mean +/- SD. Statistical significance was taken at p value <0.05. Results: Among males mean +/- SD for Pre Covid-19 MMQ was 43.24 +/- 9.58 while mean +/- SD for Post Covid-19 MMQ males was 55.32 +/- 6.01. Significant difference was seen between Pre & Post Covid-19 MMQ scores with p-value of <0.000. Conclusion: We concluded that significant difference was seen between Pre & Post Covid-19 MMQ scores with p-value of <0.000. However, means among all age groups were significantly equal with the others in Pre & Post COVID-19 MMQ. Similarly, means were significantly equal among both genders for Pre & Post COVID19 MMQ.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 15(5):1485-1487, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1315215

ABSTRACT

The whole world is facing one of the biggest health related disasters of the century. As a novel disease, Covid-19 has so many parameters yet to explore. Objectives: To explore any correlation between atopy and Covid-19 among residents of Gujrat and Kharian, Punjab, Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methodology: This study with enrolled subjects (n=206) was carried out after ethical review committee’s (ERC) approval at Life Diabetes Centre, Gujrat and CMH Kharian Medical College (CKMC), over a period of 3 months, Kharian-Pakistan. Both male and female medical subjects were enrolled. Statistical analysis: Data was analyzed by SPSS software, version 17. Parameters like gender, allergy and treatment taken were presented as frequency and percentage. Chi square was applied to see the correlation with p-value <0.05 as significant. Results: Total 206 patients were randomly selected, 89 male and 117 females. Among 206, only 13 patients had allergy from different allergens. Only 2 patients required hospitalization and injectable treatment. Conclusion: We concluded that there is strong affiliation between atopy and Covid-19 presentations.

8.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 15(5):1482-1484, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1315214

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc throughout the world, with 150 million cases to date and over 3 million lives claimed worldwide. Objectives: To explore the impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on psychological health parameters i.e. depression, anxiety and stress as well as on body mass index among medical students studying in a private medical college in Pakistan. Study Design: Experimental study. Methodology: This study with enrolled students (n=233) was carried out after ethical review committee’s (ERC) approval at CMH Kharian Medical College (CKMC), Physiology Department, Kharian-Pakistan. Both male and female medical students were enrolled. In phase 1, the students reported to the Physiology laboratory where age and gender were recorded. The pre-lockdown readings of BMI and DASS-21(Depression, Anxiety, Stress) scale were taken. In phase-2, the post-lockdown readings of BMI and DASS-21 scale were taken once the students returned to campus. Statistical analysis: Data was analyzed by SPSS software, version 21. BMI and DASS-21 score were presented as mean + SD. Statistical significance was taken at p value <0.05. Results: In present study, results showed that there was a decrease in level of depression post-Covid-19-lockdown among enrolled subjects with significant p-values (0.019*) in the pre and post covid-19-lockdown comparison. Conclusion: We concluded that significant difference was seen between Pre & Post Covid-19-lockdown depression with p-value of <0.019. However, insignificant difference was seen between Pre & Post Covid-19-lockdown anxiety and stress with p-value of >0.05. Key Words: Covid-19 lockdown, Medical students, Depression, BMI and Anxiety.

9.
Mapan - Journal of Metrology Society of India ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1012254

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to assemble the data and reflect the epidemiological statistics required as well as apply mathematical prototypical approach of the new outbreak that cover all perspectives of the facts and figures as of August 08, 2020, and thereby suggest the direction of the forthcoming epidemic situation in India for all policy makers. The outburst of the new fatal strain of coronavirus from an animal-to-human fall over in China has infected at least 204 countries as well as territories throughout the world. As of April 03, 2020, almost 972,303 confirmed cases and 50,321 deaths have been reported across the world due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) that attained a huge elevation to 19.3 × 106 confirmed cases on August 08, 2020, of which India contributes a major part of 2.09 × 106 confirmed cases. It is the first neoliberal virus that easily encompasses its danger chiefly to easily susceptible including the malnutrition, the ill, and old people. As the world struggles with pandemic, India with its second largest population of more than 1.3 billion people in the world is likely to have many more cases than the numbers currently being reported. This has put numerous thousand individuals under observation in the country due to clinical symptoms, recent travel to China, Italy, Iran, and concordant entries in the relevant tailing surveys. The novelty of this approach is to rely on the exclusive source of official data, for social media and daily tracking of news reports in India that collected and curated the pertinent information. © 2021, Metrology Society of India.

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