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Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge ; 21(1):97-105, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1777251


The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Unani poly-herbal decoction and Khamira Marvareed (herbo-mineral preparation) in COVID-19 susceptible population. This study was conducted as prospective, open label, randomized controlled, prophylactic community-based clinical trial. Overall, 4500 healthy adults from containment zones were allocated randomly into intervention (n=2250) and control groups (n=2250). The intervention group was given a combination of herbal drugs namely Unnab (Ziziphus jujube Mill.), 5 pieces;Sapistan (Cordia myxa L.), 9 pieces;Behidana (Cydonia oblonga Mill.), 3 g in decoction form and Khameera Marwareed, 5 g as semisolid preparation, orally once daily in the morning for 20 days. No drug was given in the control group. The subjects were assessed on 0, 20th and 35th day. The prophylactic effect of the Unani intervention was evaluated on the basis of difference of COVID-19 incidence between the groups, COVID-19 like symptoms, scores of immunity status questionnaire and WHOQOL-BREF scale after completion of 35th day of study. The study remained inconclusive to find any difference in COVID-19 incidence, but showed highly significant results (p<0.001) in favour of Unani intervention in containing all COVID-19 like symptoms except cough;highly significant results (p<0.001) in score of immunity status questionnaire and highly significant results (p<0.001) in scores of physical and psychological domains of WHOQOL-BREF scale. The highly significant results in almost all secondary outcomes suggest the efficacy of the Unani interventions in control of COVID-19-like symptoms and may be beneficial in prevention of COVID-19 infection. © 2022, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources. All rights reserved.

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge ; 19(4):S81-S88, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1107242


The whole world is facing a big challenge to fight against COVID-19 as it is a novel disease, highly infectious and having no treatment yet. Traditional Unani medicine is reviewed with an aim to find some solution for this disease prevention, control and management. Unani medical literature is extensively reviewed and it is found that there are some presentations similar to this disease and management of those clinical syndromes could be applied in present scenario. Major symptoms like fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and rhinorrhoea are reviewed from Unani medical text having similar aetiology and interlinked pathology. It is demonstrated that in cold & humid atmospheric conditions in persons having Fuzlat (waste) in their body, Nazla (fall) of Balghami Rutubaat (phlegmatic fluids) from head comes towards lungs, infected there resulting in Zatur Riya (pneumonia/pneumonitis) and Humma Mawazba (fever caused by abnormal humour Balgham) and /or Humma Mutbiqa (fever caused by abnormal humour Dam). The bad atmospheric condition favours spread of this infection to other people who come in contact with such patient. The detailed description of these Unani concepts & interpretation is given below.