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Obes Sci Pract ; 8(4): 525-528, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2276479


Objective: A previous report from our group identified directionally unfavorable dietary and lifestyle behavior trends in longitudinally monitored children and adolescents with obesity early in the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. The current study aimed at extending these previous observations in youths with obesity on the dietary and lifestyle behavioral consequences of the extended COVID-19 lockdown in Verona, Italy. Methods: The sample included 32 children and adolescents with obesity participating in the longitudinal OBELIX study. Diet and lifestyle information were collected pre-pandemic, 3 weeks into the national lockdown, and 9 months later when home confinement continued to be mandatory. Changes in outcomes over the study time points were evaluated for significance using repeated-measures ANOVA and post-hoc pairwise t-tests with Bonferroni corrections. Results: As previously reported, meals/day, fried potato intake, and red meat ingestion increased significantly (p < 0.001) during the initial lockdown. Sleep time and screen time increased and sports participation decreased significantly (p < 0.001) during the initial lockdown. These changes in health behaviors remained significantly different from baseline at the second lockdown assessment, with the exception sleep time returned to baseline levels. Conclusions: Unfavorable diet and lifestyle behavioral changes in response to the initial COVID-19 lockdown in children and adolescents with obesity have largely been sustained over the course of the pandemic. There is an urgent need to intervene on these behaviors to prevent further deleterious effects on long-term child health; access to weight management care is critically important for these children. In addition to intervening on these behaviors, our findings should help to inform ongoing lockdown policies.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 596654, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1167312


In early 2020, a novel coronavirus leading to potentially death was discovered. Since then, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread to become a worldwide pandemic. Beyond the risks strictly related to the infection, concerns have been expressed for the endocrinological impact that COVID-19 may have, especially in vulnerable individuals with pre-existing endocrinological health conditions. To date new information is emerging regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in children but the literature is still scarce concerning this infection in patients with intracranial malignant neoplasms. We report a 9-year-old child infected with SARS-CoV-2 and recent diagnosis of suprasellar non-germinomatous germ cell tumor also suffering from diabetes insipidus and hypothalamic-pituitary failure (hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypothalamic obesity and growth hormone deficiency) and its clinical course. The patient remained asymptomatic for the duration of the infection without requiring any change in the replacement therapeutic dosages taken before the infection. We then discuss the proposed approach to treat a pediatric patient with SARS-CoV-2 infection and hypothalamic-pituitary failure and we include a review of the literature. Our report suggests that SARS-CoV-2 infection is usually mild and self-limiting in children even those immunocompromised and with multiple endocrinological deficits. Patients are advised to keep any scheduled appointments unless informed otherwise.

COVID-19/complications , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/physiopathology , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/complications , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/therapy , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/therapy , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/therapy , Child , Diabetes Insipidus/complications , Diabetes Insipidus/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/physiopathology , Pituitary Neoplasms/physiopathology , Quarantine , Stem Cell Transplantation
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(8): 1382-1385, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-143982


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that youths with obesity, when removed from structured school activities and confined to their homes during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, will display unfavorable trends in lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: The sample included 41 children and adolescents with obesity participating in a longitudinal observational study located in Verona, Italy. Lifestyle information including diet, activity, and sleep behaviors was collected at baseline and 3 weeks into the national lockdown during which home confinement was mandatory. Changes in outcomes over the two study time points were evaluated for significance using paired t tests. RESULTS: There were no changes in reported vegetable intake; fruit intake increased (P = 0.055) during the lockdown. By contrast, potato chip, red meat, and sugary drink intakes increased significantly during the lockdown (P value range, 0.005 to < 0.001). Time spent in sports activities decreased by 2.30 (SD 4.60) h/wk (P = 0.003), and sleep time increased by 0.65 (SD 1.29) h/d (P = 0.003). Screen time increased by 4.85 (SD 2.40) h/d (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Recognizing these adverse collateral effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic lockdown is critical in avoiding depreciation of weight control efforts among youths afflicted with excess adiposity. Depending on duration, these untoward lockdown effects may have a lasting impact on a child's or adolescent's adult adiposity level.

Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Diet , Life Style , Pediatric Obesity/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Social Isolation , Adolescent , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , Exercise , Feeding Behavior , Female , Food , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep , Surveys and Questionnaires