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EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-305690

ABSTRACT

Background: New Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is the main pathogens that primarily target the human respiratory organization, represents a public health emergency and global concern. The present study aimed to investigate the epidemiological, clinical characteristics of coronavirus-infected disease (COVID-19) in Saveh city, of Iran, in 2020.MethodIn this descriptive-analytical research, 1142 patients suspected of having coronavirus, participated. Data collection was performed using interviews, inserting information into the researcher-made questionnaires, and using the information in patients' medical records. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21 using Chi-square, independent sample t tests, Fisher's Exact Test, and regression analysis.Resultsmultivariate logistic regression models revealed that among clinical symptoms and patents characteristics, some variables were significant predictors of death: Intubation (OR = 8.82;95% CI: (5.15-15.63), PO2 rate (OR = 2.48;95% CI: (1.51-4.08), Diabetes (OR = 1.88;95% CI: (1.00-3.54), Shortness of breath (OR = 1.70;95% CI: (1.02-2.82). Almost half of the patients (48.3%) had a history of chronic disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (12.8%), diabetes (11.6%), and high blood pressure (9.7%) were the primary chronic disease among patients.ConclusionConsidering the results of the study, designing and implementing targeting and tailoring health education programs for all groups of the community and especially for susceptible people such as elderly and patients with chronic disease, are highly recommended. All in all, risk communication programs regarding COVID-19 might be a priority for responsible agencies.

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