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1.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):148-155, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040742

ABSTRACT

There was a lot of confusion and fear when COVD-19 arrived to the country, so much so that some were of the opinion that extreme measures should be taken for confirmed cases, however, this had not been evaluated. The objective of the research was to determine the factors associated with agreement to sacrifice people with severe COVD-19 during the first weeks of the pandemic in Peru. Cross-sectional analytical study, using secondary data, the dependent variable was the perception of agreement that if someone has a severe case of coronavirus they should be sacrificed/euthanized or similar, to avoid contagion;this was crossed with other influential variables. Of the 3331 respondents, 8% (269) strongly agreed and 9% (297) agreed that people with severe COVID-19 should be euthanized. In multivariate analysis, agreeing with culling was associated with sex (women were less in agreement with sacrificing, aPR: 0.73;95%CI: 0.62-0.86;p<0.001), also according to religious orientation (atheists were more in agreement with culling, aPR: 1.40;95%CI: 1.16-1.69;p<0.001), and to the scores they obtained in the fatalism test's (aPR: 1.09;CI95%: 1.07-1.11;p<0.001), level of knowledge (aPR: 0.85;CI95%: 0.81-0.88;p<0.001) and the perception of fear or exaggeration by the media (aPR: 1.02;CI95%: 1.01-1.03;p<0.001). A significant percentage agreed with sacrificing the sick people, being this associated with fear, fatalism and a low level of knowledge.

2.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):132-138, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040740

ABSTRACT

Fatalism prevents a person from responding adequately to different stressful life situations, but this has not been assessed in a COVID-19 informed population, such as medical students. The objective was to determine whether basic knowledge is associated with fatalism that was generated by COVID-19 in Bolivian medical students. Analytical cross-sectional study, generated through a virtual survey, with validated scales to measure knowledge and fatalism before the possibility of getting sick by COVID-19, this in 4 medical schools in Bolivia. Descriptive and analytical results were obtained for this association, adjusted for other variables. In the multivariate analysis it was found that there was a higher level of knowledge as the academic year increased (3rd year p=0.012, 4th year p=0.031, 5th year p=0.001 and internship p=0.013;all compared to 1st year), on the other hand, there was more knowledge among students who were less fatalistic (RPa: 0.76;95%CI: 0.68-0.85%;p-value<0.001) and among those who studied at some universities (UNIFRANZ p<0.001 and UNITEPC p<0.001, both as compared to UMSS);adjusted for gender and age of respondents. In conclusion, the fact that students had fatalistic perceptions was inversely associated with the knowledge they had regarding the disease;in addition, there was an association according to the year of studies and the university where they studied.

3.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):106-113, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040739

ABSTRACT

It is very likely that if a child is anxious, stressed or depressed, someone at home is also anxious, stressed or depressed. That is why the objective was to determine the association between the mental health of parents according to that of undergraduated students in a Peruvian population during the first wave of COVID-19. An analytical, multicenter, cross-sectional research was carried out, where parents and children were surveyed with the DASS-21 scale, making crosses and adjusting for some other variables. Of the 1832 students and 1832 heads of family surveyed, according to having a severe presentation, 35% of the parents had stress (p<0.001) and 25% had depression (p<0.001), if their children had severe stress, anxiety or depression, respectively. If the head of the family presented moderate/severe depression it was associated with their children having depression or anxiety;the father of the family having moderate/severe anxiety was associated with the children also having depression or anxiety and the heads of the family presenting moderate/severe stress had an association with the children having anxiety and stress (up to here all values p<0.002);as well as, that the heads of the household were women (p=0.034). An evident association was found between the mental health problems of the children and those of their parents, which should alert us to the fact that there are entire households with mental problems, and that they are related to the pathologies they suffer from.

4.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):45-52, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040735

ABSTRACT

Now that COVID-19 vaccines are available for pregnant women, it is important to know their perception and intention to be vaccinated. The objective was to determine the attitude of pregnant women towards vaccination against COVID-19 in Peru and the factors associated with it. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the 24 Peruvian departments during the months of December 2020 and January 2021. Fifty percent of the respondents had not yet decided whether they would be vaccinated, 36% said they would be vaccinated, 8% said they would not be vaccinated under any circumstances, and 6% would only be vaccinated if they were forced to do so. In the multivariate analysis, it was found that they would not be vaccinated because they did not trust the health system (p-value=0.002;more pregnant women did not trust the health sector), on the other hand, in the reasons why they would be vaccinated, it was found that this vaccination would improve the health of their family or loved ones (p-value=0.005;fewer pregnant women would be vaccinated for this reason). It is concluded that the percentage of pregnant women who would get vaccinated is low, being the main reason for the improvement of the health of your family, while distrust in the health system, lack of knowledge of the development of vaccines and not considering themselves a population at risk were the main factors associated with resistance to vaccination.

5.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):181-187, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2033928

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc in the lives of workers in different parts of the world. The instability inherent to this stage of health emergency has had repercussions on the mental health of this population. The aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a financial stress scale for Peruvian dependent workers. Observational, analytical, instrumental and cross-sectional study in 749 workers. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA), by unweighted least squares, was performed after analysis of Bartlett's test and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient (KMO). The absolute and incremental goodness of fit was determined by means of the comparative fit index (CFI) and the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI). A PFA was performed after analysis of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index (KMO = 0.903) and Bartlett's test of sphericity (1751.9;gl = 36;p < 0.001), which were adequate. The items converged into a single factor. The EFT-Cov19 correlated positively with the LABOR-PE (r = 0.564, p < 0.01) and with a medium effect size. The reliability of the EFT-Cov19 was calculated with Cronbach's a coefficient, obtaining an acceptable value (a = 0.896;95% CI = 0.88 - 0.90). In conclusion, the EFT-Cov19 scale is a valid, reliable and adequate scale to measure financial stress in dependent workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):53-60, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033822

ABSTRACT

At the beginning of the pandemic, an excessive purchase of some products was observed, but this has not been evaluated if it is related to mental health. Therefore, the objective was to determine the factors associated with the purchase of basic necessities in the Peruvian population at the beginning of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on a secondary data analysis. Information from 3379 Peruvians from all regions was used, they were asked about the purchases they made, crossing these with the results of the "KNOW-P-COVID-19", "F-COVID-19" and "MED-COVID-19" scales;obtaining descriptive and analytical results. The most purchased products were disinfectant (43.9%), followed by soap (43.6%) and alcohol (40.8%). In the multivariate analysis, the purchase of disinfectants (p=0.009), soap (p < 0.001) and alcohol (p=0.002) was found to be associated with sex;the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.027), antibacterial gel (p=0.010) and face masks (p=0.015) was associated with age;to the fatalism score the purchase of food (p=0.005), personal protective equipment (p < 0.001), soap (p=0.014), alcohol (p=0.043) and face masks (p < 0.001);to the score of fears and concern conveyed by the media the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.007), soap (p < 0.001) and face masks (p=0.005) and to the score of knowledge of the disease the purchase of soap (p < 0.001), antibacterial gel (p=0.011) and toilet paper (p=0.009). Significant associations were found with the purchase of supplies (p < 0.011).

7.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):114-122, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033749

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic, an increase in mental health problems has been reported in members of the health personnel, with the self-report being an initial way of evaluating it. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the perception of repercussions in the mental sphere in health professionals in Latin America before COVID-19. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out between June and August 2020 in Latin America. The perception of repercussions was measured through an instrument previously validated in Peru, which was taken virtually from 406 doctors, nurses and others;this was crossed versus other variables. The main concern was returning home and infecting their family (22% strongly agree), followed by feeling the abuse because they do not give them the necessary amount of personal protective equipment (13% strongly agree) and perceiving mental exhaustion for all the activities they did (12% strongly agree). In the multivariate analysis, the older there was a lower perception of mental repercussion (aPR: 0.98;95% CI: 0.97-0.99;p value = 0.012);In addition, those who had a greater perception of repercussions in the mental sphere also had more anxiety at a low level (aPR: 1.84;95% CI: 1.14-2.98;p value = 0.013) and post-traumatic stress (aPR: 2.28;95% CI: 1.61-3.22;p value <0.001), adjusted for depression and stress. Despite being an exploratory analysis, important associations were found in the mental sphere;which should continue to be investigated in larger studies.

8.
International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education ; 13(2):661-669, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1559990

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study is to characterize the global scientific production on medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic in seven scientific databases from January 2020 to April 2021. We worked with a universe of 248 articles of which bibliometric indicators were analyzed using Publish or Perish software v. 7.19 and the same analytical software for the chosen databases. The results indicate an average of 39.5 citations. 27.95, 0.87 and 17.90 citations per year, citations per article and citations per author respectively. Among the most cited articles in the Scopus and Microsoft academic databases, Maintaining High-Quality Multidisciplinary Scholarship Programs in Pain Medicine stands out: Part I: Innovations in Education, Research, Candidate Selection Process, Wellness, and Implementation from ACGME during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article is also the second most cited article in the Web of Science database. These results show that the production of scientific articles on educational medicine in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic has not had a significant development.

9.
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica ; 40(4):396-405, 2021.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1472474

ABSTRACT

Objective. Characterize the global scientific production on the vaccine to combat Covid-19 in the Scopus, Web of Science, Google Academic, PubMed, Microsoft Academic and Crosreff databases between the months of January 2020 to April 2021. Material and methods. We worked with a universe made up of 3817 articles obtained. Bibliometric indicators were calcu- lated through Publish or Perish v. 7.31, VOSwiever, Pubrem- iner, Dimensions and the same analytical software from the chosen databases. Results. The results indicate a total of 30619 citations, with an average of 5103;11 and 2251 cita- tions per year, citations per article and citations per author re- spectively. On average, publications have an h-index of 26.00, a g-index of 42.00, and an e-index of 33.59. Prompetchara’s study, Eakachai;Kettoy, Chutitorn;Palaga, Tanapat, (2020), the British Medical Journal - BMJ, USA is the main producer of scientific evidence on vaccines and the type of scientific production that stands out the most are original articles. Con- clusions. These results show that the production of scientific articles on the vaccine to combat Covid-19 has experienced significant growth, which shows the enormous scientific effort made worldwide to control this disease.

10.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61:53-60, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1395884

ABSTRACT

At the beginning of the pandemic, an excessive purchase of some products was observed, but this has not been evaluated if it is related to mental health. Therefore, the objective was to determine the factors associated with the purchase of basic necessities in the Peruvian population at the beginning of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on a secondary data analysis. Information from 3379 Peruvians from all regions was used, they were asked about the purchases they made, crossing these with the results of the "KNOW-P-COVID-19", "F-COVID-19" and "MED-COVID-19" scales;obtaining descriptive and analytical results. The most purchased products were disinfectant (43.9%), followed by soap (43.6%) and alcohol (40.8%). In the multivariate analysis, the purchase of disinfectants (p=0.009), soap (p<0.001) and alcohol (p=0.002) was found to be associated with sex;the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.027), antibacterial gel (p=0.010) and face masks (p=0.015) was associated with age;to the fatalism score the purchase of food (p=0.005), personal protective equipment (p<0.001), soap (p=0.014), alcohol (p=0.043) and face masks (p<0.001);to the score of fears and concern conveyed by the media the purchase of personal protective equipment (p=0.007), soap (p<0.001) and face masks (p=0.005) and to the score of knowledge of the disease the purchase of soap (p<0.001), antibacterial gel (p=0.011) and toilet paper (p=0.009). Significant associations were found with the purchase of supplies (p<0.011). © 2021 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.

11.
Nuances-Estudos Sobre Educacao ; 31(1):310-324, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1200518

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to determine the relationship between the perception of the information transmitted by mass media about Covid-19 and the fatalism originated by the pandemic in university students of Lima city. The composition of the population was 6,500 students, from which it was extracted a sample of 655 subjects, 310 males and 345 females, with ages between 16 and 32 years old (mean of 19.50 and standard deviation of 3.08) extracted from the first two cycles of four private universities and one public university of the city of Lima, by virtual way, in June 2020. The study is of non-experimental design at the relational level. The result obtained shows that there is a relationship between the perception of the information transmitted by the media about Covid-19 and the fatalism caused by the pandemic. The Spearman correlation is 0.238. The effect size is 0.4978. The statistical power is 0.9542, and these results can be generalized to the entire population of university students in the city of Lima.

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