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1.
PubMed; 2020.
Preprint in English | PubMed | ID: ppcovidwho-333608

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence was low (<1%) in this large population of healthcare workers (HCWs) across the state of Tennessee (n=11,787) in May-June 2020. Among those with PCR results, 81.5% of PCR and antibody test results were concordant. SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence was higher among HCWs working in high-community-transmission regions and among younger workers. IMPORTANCE: These results may be seen as a baseline assessment of SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence among HCWs in the American South during a period of growth, but not yet saturation, of infections among susceptible populations. In fact, this period of May-June 2020 was marked by the extension of renewed and sustained community-wide transmission after mandatory quarantine periods expired in several more populous regions of Tennessee. Where community transmission remains low, HCWs may still be able to effectively mitigate SARS-CoV-2 transmission, preserving resources for populations at high risk of severe disease, and these sorts of data help highlight such strategies.

2.
PUBMED; 2021.
Preprint in English | PUBMED | ID: ppcovidwho-293068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted school operations. To better understand the role of schools in COVID-19 transmission, we evaluated infections at two independent schools in Nashville, TN during the 2020-2021 school year. METHODS: The cumulative incidence of COVID-19 within each school, age group, and exposure setting were estimated and compared to local incidence. Primary attack rates were estimated among students quarantined for in-school close contact. RESULTS: Among 1401 students who attended school during the study period, 98 cases of COVID-19 were reported, corresponding to cumulative incidence of 7.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 5.7-8.5). Most cases were linked to household (58%) or community (31%) transmission, with few linked to in-school transmission (11%). Overall, 619 students were quarantined, corresponding to >5000 person-days of missed school, among whom only 5 tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 during quarantine (primary attack rate: 0.8%, 95% CI: 0.3, 1.9). Weekly case rates at school were not correlated with community transmission. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that transmission of COVID-19 in schools is minimal when strict mitigation measures are used, even during periods of extensive community transmission. Strict quarantine of contacts may lead to unnecessary missed school days with minimal benefit to in-school transmission.

3.
Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology ; 9(3):140-141, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1173292
4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1066282

ABSTRACT

In our ecologic analysis of US states, piecewise multivariable models showed lower post- vs. pre-mask case-rate slopes, with -1.08% per 100,000 per day (95% CI: -1.48%, -0.67%) among early- and -0.37% per 100,000 per day (95% CI: -0.86%, 0.10%) among late- versus never-adopter states. Our findings support statewide mask requirements to mitigate COVID-19 transmission.

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