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Nutrition & Food Science ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1806861

ABSTRACT

Purpose University students are one of the vulnerable groups in terms of having nutritional problems due to their lifestyle and social environment. This study aims to determine the consumption of fast food among university students and evaluate factors that may impact it, such as sociodemographic factors, body mass index (BMI) or nutritional habits. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of 184 university students (47.8% men and 52.2% women) with a mean age of 21.1 +/- 2.0 years. The survey included students' sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, nutritional habits and fast-food consumption. Chi-square test, t-test and binary logistic regression analysis were used depending on the characteristics of the data. Findings Results indicated that 39.7% of the students consumed fast food at least once in 15 days and preferred these foods for taste, workload and social activity. Consumption of fast food occurred at an earlier age in men (%13.6) and the portions were higher than portions of vegetables (p = 0.001). By using regression analysis, a statistically significant relationship was found between the frequency of fast-food consumption and age, gender, economic status, BMI, the amount of vegetables consumed daily and the habit of eating breakfast (p < 0.05). Research limitations/implications It is planned to reach more students in the study. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, transportation to students became difficult or could not be reached. Originality/value This study is one of the rare studies examining students' orientation to fast food. The number of studies in this field in Turkey is limited.

2.
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 15(4):236-239, 2021.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1650975

ABSTRACT

Objective: With the rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2, a new coronavirus, around the world, a pandemic was declared by World Health Organization on March 2020. The first cases were reported in March 2020 from Turkey. In our hospital, the first pediatric case was detected on April 2, 2020. However, there is no data on whether this virus had been present in our region or not before this date. The aim of our study was to de-termine the first entry of SARS-CoV-2 virus to our region for pediatric patients. Material and Methods: SARS-CoV-2 positivity was investigated retro-spectively with the RT-qPCR method in the pediatric respiratory tract specimens taken between the October 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020. In the specimens, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was studied using real-time PCR based “COVID-19 RT-qPCR Detection Kit”. Results: 886 samples were included in the study. Of the respiratory tract specimens, 97.1% were nasopharyngeal swabs, 2.8% were bronchoal-veolar lavage. Most frequently, rhinovirus (28.6%), influenza A subtype H1N1 (pandemic H1N1) (18.5%) and influenza B (16%) were detected. Rhinovirus and enterovirus were the most frequent double agents seen together. No SARS-CoV-2 positivity was detected in the respiratory tract specimens studied. Conclusion: SARS-CoV-2 PCR test was conducted in a limited number of centers at the beginning of the pandemics may have affected the detection of the first case in Turkey. Multicenter studies of archived samples would enable more realistic results in tracking SARS-CoV-2 in our country.

3.
Cukurova Medical Journal ; 46(2):780-788, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1431193

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Several atypical presentations of COVID-19 like anosmia, conjuctivitis, and gastrointestinal findings are seen in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the common and atypical symptoms of COVID-19 among the patients admitted to the otorhinolaryngology (ENT) outpatient clinic. Materials and Methods: This case series was conducted with 49 patients who applied to hospital between April 1, 2020 and April 30, 2020. Common and atypical otolaryngologic al findings were recorded. Sociodemographic findings and blood parameters were also evaluated. Results: Of the patients, 59.18% were aged 40 and over, 46.94% were of the A blood group, 55.10% were male and 24.49% were smokers, 51.02% had a chronic disease. Among typical symptoms;fever (71.43%), a dry cough (46.94%), shortness of breath (42.86%) was seen. Diarrhea (48.98%), runny nose (51.02%), nasal congestion (42.85%), sore throat (22.44%), headaches (32.65%), 18.36% olfactory disorder, 26.53% gustatory disturbance were noted. Olfactory and gustatory disturbances are found to be related to good prognosis and mild clinical course. The difference between Hg and D-dimer levels of the female and male patients were found to be statistically significant. The D-dimer levels determined in the present study were higher than those reported in the literature. Conclusion: While COVID-19 present with common symptoms, sometimes atypical symptoms can be the only finding during initial application to the hospital. Olfactory and gustatory disturbances point to the effects of COVID-19 on neurons. Neuronal effects like olfactory and gustatory disturbances should be closely monitored in COVID-19 patients in long term.

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