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Virusdisease ; 32(4): 674-680, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1568407


Chest CT scan is currently used to assess the extent of lung involvement in patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of COVID-19 pulmonary manifestations in comparison to CT scan. Thirty-three symptomatic patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia were evaluated by lung ultrasound and then, at a short interval, chest CT scan. In the anterior chest, each hemithorax was divided into four areas. In the posterior chest, eight zones similar to the anterior part were examined. The axillary areas were also divided into upper and lower zones (20 zones were determined per patient). Mean age of the patients was 58.66 years. The sensitivity (95% CI) and specificity (95% CI) of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of parenchymal lesions were 90.5% (69.6-98.8%) and 50% (21.1-78.9%), respectively. In the evaluation of pleural lesions, the sensitivity (95% CI) and specificity (95% CI) of lung ultrasound were 100% (71.5-100%) and 22.7% (7.8-45.4%), respectively. Owing to the high sensitivity of ultrasound in identifying lung lesions in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, it can be recommended to use lung ultrasound as a tool for initial screening of patients with high clinical suspicion for SARS-CoV-2 infection during the pandemic. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13337-021-00736-w.

Pol Arch Intern Med ; 130(7-8): 629-634, 2020 08 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-761202


INTRODUCTION: Currently, there are known contributing factors but no comprehensive methods for predicting the mortality risk or intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID­19). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore risk factors for mortality and ICU admission in patients with COVID­19, using computed tomography (CT) combined with clinical laboratory data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID­19 (n = 63) from university hospitals in Tehran, Iran, were included. All patients underwent CT examination. Subsequently, a total CT score and the number of involved lung lobes were calculated and compared against collected laboratory and clinical characteristics. Univariable and multivariable proportional hazard analyses were used to determine the association among CT, laboratory and clinical data, ICU admission, and in­hospital death. RESULTS: By univariable analysis, in­hospital mortality was higher in patients with lower oxygen saturation on admission (below 88%), higher CT scores, and a higher number of lung lobes (more than 4) involved with a diffuse parenchymal pattern. By multivariable analysis, in­hospital mortality was higher in those with oxygen saturation below 88% on admission and a higher number of lung lobes involved with a diffuse parenchymal pattern. The risk of ICU admission was higher in patients with comorbidities (hypertension and ischemic heart disease), arterial oxygen saturation below 88%, and pericardial effusion. CONCLUSIONS: We can identify factors affecting in­hospital death and ICU admission in COVID-19. This can help clinicians to determine which patients are likely to require ICU admission and to inform strategic healthcare planning in critical conditions such as the COVID­19 pandemic.

Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Iran , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Poland/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Sex Distribution , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult