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European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):1130, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554678


Introduction: D-dimer is a small protein fragment and is a product of fibrinolysis. A high levels of D-dimer have been suggested as a prognostic factor in cancerous and other critically ill patients. We aimed to evaluate D-dimer levels and outcomes of critically ill patients admitted to a tertiary care intensive coronary care unit (ICCU). Material and method: All patients admitted to the ICCU at our Medical Center between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020 were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to their Ddimer level on admission. Low D-dimer level <500 ng/ml, and high Ddimer level ≥500 ng/ml. Survival, in-hospital interventions and complications were compared. Results and discussion: Overall 1,082 consecutive patients were included, mean age was 67 (±16), 70% were males. Of them 296 (27.4%) had low D-dimer level and 663 (61.3%) had high D-dimer level. Patients with high D-dimer level were older as compared to patients with low Ddimer level (mean age 70.4±15 and 59±13 years respectively, p=0.004), had significantly higher rate of female gender (35.9% vs 15.9% respectively, p<0.0001) and significantly higher rate of any prior cardiac interventions prior to their admission (26.7% vs 4.4% respectively, p<0.0001). Interestingly, patients with high D-dimer level had significantly lower rate of any acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as compared with the low D-dimer group (25.7 vs 66.4% respectively, p<0.0001) and lower rate of smokers (22.5 vs 45.6% respectively, p<0.0001). All 11 post-COVID-19 patients had high D-dimer level on admission. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis for mortality, adjusted for age, gender, risk factors for cardiovascular disease, ejection fraction<40 found that high D-dimer level was independently associated with higher mortality rates (HR=5.8;95% CI;1.7-19.1;p=0.004) as shown in Figure 1. Conclusion: Elevated D-dimer levels on admission in ICCU patients is a poor prognostic factor of in-hospital morbidity and mortality in the first year following hospitalization.

European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):1272, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554633


Background: ST-Segment elevation MI (STEMI) is one of the leading cause of mortality in the western world. The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic might have implications of the treatment of STEMI patients. Our aim was to evaluate the treatment of STEMI patients during 2 months of the COVID-19 pandemic as compared with the year before. Methods: Data of 90 STEMI patients treated at the Shaare Zedek Medical Center intensive coronary care unit (ICCU) Between March-April 2019 and March-April 2020 were collected. Patients were divided into 2 groups: The pre COVID-19 group and the COVID-19 era group. Data regarding complications upon arrival and during hospitalization, door to balloon time and echocardiographic exams. Results: Fifty one (56%) patients were admitted with STEMI in the pre COVID-19 group and only 39 (44%) in the COVID-19 era group. Of them 13.7% vs. 20.5% were female, p=0.392 with a mean age of 62.1 (±13.5) vs. 63.4 (±11) years old, p=0.635 in the pre vs. post COVID-19 era group, respectively. Interestingly, more Jewish vs. non-Jewish were admitted with STEMI in the COVID-19 era group. There were no differences regarding baseline characteristics, catheterization access, culprit vessel and percutaneous coronary intervention rate. Door to balloon time was also similar in both pre and post COVID-19 era groups 35.4 (±32) vs. 30.5 (±29.1) minutes (p=0.896). Moreover, there was no difference regarding infarct size. Complications including acute renal failure, cardiogenic shock, and the use of intra-aortic balloon pump were similar in both groups. 30-day mortality rate was low and similar in both pre and post COVID-19 era groups (5.9% vs. 2.6%, respectively, p=0.426). Conclusions: During the beginning of COVID-19 era there was a reduction in STEMI admission rate, while no significant difference was found regarding baseline characteristics, door to balloon time, infarct size and mortality rate.

European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):1462, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554087


Background: A reduction in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) hospitalizations during the coronavirus pandemic has been previously documented. We aimed to describe the characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of AMI patients during the Covid-19 era compared to a recent previous registry. Methods: We conducted a prospective, multicenter, observational study involving 13 intensive cardiac care units (ICCUs) to evaluate consecutive AMI patients admitted throughout an 8-week period during the Covid-19 outbreak. Data were compared to the corresponding period in 2018 using an acute coronary syndrome survey conducted in all ICCUs in Israel. The primary end-point was defined as a composite of sustained ventricular arrhythmia, pulmonary congestion, and/or in-hospital mortality. Results: The study cohort comprised 1466 patients, of whom 774 (53%) were hospitalized during the Covid-19 outbreak. Overall, 841 patients were diagnosed with ST-elevation MI (STEMI): 424 (50.4%) during the Covid-19 era and 417 (49.6%) during the parallel period in 2018. No differences were detected in the admission rate of patients between the two study periods. STEMI patients admitted during the Covid-19 period tended to have fewer co-morbidities, but a higher Killip class (p value = 0.03). The median time from symptom onset to reperfusion was extended from 180 minutes (IQR 122-292) in 2018 to 290 minutes (IQR 161-1080, p<0.001) in 2020. Hospitalization during the Covid-19 era was independently associated with an increased risk of the combined endpoint of heart failure, malignant arrhythmia, or death in the multivariable logistic regression model (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.02-2.65, p value = 0.05). Conclusion: While the admission rate of AMI and STEMI in Israel remained similar during both the Covid-19 era and the corresponding period in 2018, total ischemic time extended significantly during the Covid-19 period, which translated into a more severe disease status upon hospital admission, and a higher rate of in-hospital adverse events.

European Heart Journal ; 42(SUPPL 1):1147, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1553893


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic. Jerusalem with its 919,400 inhabitants has a wide variety of populations, of which 62% are Jews (36% ultra-orthodox;64% non-ultraorthodox) and 38% Arabs which were largely affected by the pandemic. Objectives: The aim of our study was to understand the different presentations, course and clinical outcomes in these different ethnical and cultural groups in Jerusalem in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We performed a cohort study of all COVID-19 patients admitted between March 9 - July 16, 2020 to the two university medical centers in Jerusalem. Demographic data, presenting symptoms, comorbid conditions, medications, physical examination, laboratory and imaging data as well as outcome at 30-day were systematically recorded. Patients were divided according to their religion and ethnicity into 3 main groups: 1) Ultra- Orthodox Jews;2) other (non-Ultra-Orthodox) Jews and 3) Arabs. Results: Six hundred and two patients comprised the study population. Of them the 361 (60%) were Ultra-Orthodox Jews;166 (27.5%) non-Ultra- Orthodox Jews and 75 (12.5%) Arabs. The Arab patients were younger than the Ultra-Orthodox Jews and the non-Ultra-Orthodox Jews (51±18 year-old vs. 57±21 and 59±19, respectively, p<0.01), but suffered from significantly more co-morbidities. Fever, cough, dyspnea and fatigue, were more prominent, as presenting symptoms, in the Jewish patients as compared with the Arab patients. Moreover, hemodynamic shock, ischemic ECG changes and pathological chest x-ray were all more frequent in the Ultra-Orthodox patients as compared the other groups of patients. Being an Ultra-Orthodox was independently associated with significantly higher rate of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) [OR=1.96;95% CI (1.03-3.71), p<0.05]. Age was the only independent risk factor associated with increased mortality rate [OR=1.10;95% CI (1.07-1.13), p<0.001]. Conclusions: The COVID-19 first phase in Jerusalem, affected different ethnical and cultural groups differently, with the Ultra-Orthodox Jews mostly affected by admission rates, presenting symptoms clinical course and MACE (Acute coronary syndrome, shock, cerebrovascular event or venous thromboembolism). It is conceivable that vulnerable populations need special attention and health planning in time of pandemic, to prevent rapid distribution and severe morbidity.

JGH Open ; 5(1): 107-115, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-938473


Background and Aim: This review investigates the role of gastrointestinal and hepatic manifestations in COVID-19, particularly with regard to the prevalence of isolated gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library for COVID-19 publications from 1 December 2019 to 18 May 2020. We included any study that reported the presence of GI symptoms in a sample of >5 COVID-19 patients. Data collection and risk of bias assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. Where ≥3 studies reported data sufficiently similar to allow calculation of a pooled prevalence, we performed random effects meta-analysis. Results: This review included 17 776 COVID-19 patients from 108 studies. Isolated GI symptoms only occurred in 1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0-6%) of patients. GI symptoms were reported in 20% (95% CI 15-24%) of patients. The most common were anorexia (21%, 95% CI 15-27%), diarrhea (13%, 95% CI 11-16%), nausea or vomiting (8%, 95% CI 6-11%), and abdominal pain (4%, 95% CI 2-6%). Transaminase elevations were present in 24% (95% CI 17-31%) of patients. Higher prevalence of GI symptoms were reported in studies published after 1st April, with prevalence of diarrhea 16% (95% CI 13-20), nausea or vomiting 12% (95% CI 8-16%), and any GI symptoms 24% (95% CI 18-34%). GI symptoms were associated with severe COVID-19 disease (odds ratio [OR] 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.2), but not mortality (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.52-1.54). Conclusions: Patients with isolated GI symptoms may represent a small but significant portion of COVID-19 cases. When testing resources are abundant, clinicians should still consider testing patients with isolated GI symptoms or unexplained transaminase elevations for COVID-19. More recent studies estimate higher overall GI involvement in COVID-19 than was previously recognized.