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1.
Annals of Medicine and Surgery ; 81:104420, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2003852

ABSTRACT

Purpose Social media (SM) is one of the most powerful tools of communication and learning in the recent era. Different types of information can be shared through these social networking sites in the form of texts, videos, pictures, audios, and references (contacts). Due to the constant increase in the use of these social networking sites in our daily routine life especially during the COVID 19 pandemic, their use in teaching and learning has become inevitable. Social media has immense potential to enhance its role in educational settings. Both the students and educators use it for communication, education, sharing and expressing knowledge, and recreation. Therefore, the present study aims to find out the most frequently used social network sites for learning and easy communication between medical students and educators. Objective This study sought to explore the most frequently used social networking sites by the medical students and educators at Batterjee Medical College. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the trends of usage of SM as an extracurricular way of enhancing learning and teaching experience among medical students and educators in Batterjee Medical College;Saudi Arabia from November 2020 to March 2021. A pre-validated self-administrated questionnaire was built using Google Drive forms and distributed to medical students and educators via emails and WhatsApp. Convenient sampling was used to collect the data. Conclusion Social media has immense potential to enhance its role in educational settings. Students in our study preferred YouTube and WhatsApp for their learning and communication especially, during COVID 19 pandemic. However, to further enhance their utility choosing the right platform, the amount and quality of the information shared to ensure optimal benefit, providing ethical guides, and professional standards for SM use at institutional levels are the few challenges that need to address.

2.
BMJ Open ; 12(8): e061644, 2022 08 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1973846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Women living in Pakistan have complex health problems including infectious and non-communicable diseases, accident and injuries, and mental health problems. While a majority of these women rely on primary healthcare services for all of their healthcare needs, there has to date been no overview of the extent of their effectiveness. The objective of this review was to (1) synthesise the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of primary care based interventions aimed at improving women's mental and physical health and (2) identify the factors that promote effectiveness for women's health outcomes. METHODS: Five academic databases were searched, including PubMed, BMC Medicine, Medline, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library. A search was also made of the grey literature. The quality of included studies was assessed using a standardised critical appraisal tool, and the findings summarised using a narrative synthesis. RESULTS: In total, 18 studies were included in the review. Eight involved evaluations of counselling interventions, three health education and awareness interventions, two social and psychosocial interventions, and five were evaluations of combination interventions. Twelve of the included studies were randomised controlled trials. Of these 14 reported significant outcomes, and 4 further interventions showed partially favourable results. However, interventions mostly targeted women's mental or reproductive health. CONCLUSIONS: While the evidence is limited in terms of quality and what has been evaluated, a number of interventions appear to be effective in improving outcomes for women. The three key approaches include the adoption of an active door-to-door and group-based approach; utilisation of community peers who can deliver care cost-effectively and who are more accepted in the community; and the integration of financial vouchers to support uptake in poor populations. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020203472.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Women's Health , Female , Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pakistan , Primary Health Care
3.
Webology ; 19(2):7414-7430, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1957747

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the impact of Emotional Intelligence on three facets of Organizational commitment i.e., affective, continuance and normative commitment among medical employees amid COVID 19 Pandemic. Moreover, this research also checked the moderating role of gender in this relationship. Survey instrument was used for data collection. Convenience sampling was used as a sampling technique. Population was medical employees (MBBS, BDS, physiotherapists, pharmacists, psychologists, nurses) working in the large public and private hospitals of Pakistan, United Kingdom and United States of America. 400 questionnaires were distributed and out of those 354 were usable for the analysis purpose. This research used Smart PLS to assess the data through partial least square equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Findings of this study showed that there was significant and direct impact of Emotional Intelligence on affective, continuance and normative commitment of medical employees. Gender moderates the influence of Emotional Intelligence on Continuance Commitment. However, gender does not moderate the influence of Emotional Intelligence on Affective and normative commitment of medical employees.

4.
Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis ; 15: 129-138, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1841242

ABSTRACT

Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is a rare but serious autoimmune disease, which is characterized by the development of pathogenic antibodies to type IV collagen antigens in the glomerular and alveolar basement membranes. This results in rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (GN), alveolar hemorrhage, or both. A variety of environmental factors can trigger the disease in genetically predisposed patients. Temporal associations with influenza, SARS-CoV-2 infection, and COVID-19 vaccination have been described although there is insufficient evidence to suggest causality. Anti-GBM disease accounts for approximately 20% of the cases of rapidly progressive GN cases secondary to crescentic GN, but is an uncommon cause of end-stage kidney disease. Early diagnosis by detection of circulating antibodies, increased awareness of atypical as well as complex clinical variants of the disease, and combined therapy with immunosuppression and plasma exchange has improved the prognosis of patients with this potentially fatal disease. Progress has been hampered by the rarity of anti-GBM disease, but new agents and therapeutic regimens are emerging.

5.
BMJ Open ; 12(2): e055788, 2022 02 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685595

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence (WPV) against Healthcare Workers (HCWs) has emerged as a global issue. Emergency Department (ED) HCWs as front liners are more vulnerable to it due to the nature of their work and exposure to unique medical and social situations. COVID-19 pandemic has led to a surge in the number of cases of WPV against HCWs, especially against ED HCWs. In most cases, the perpetrators of these acts of violence are the patients and their attendants as families. The causes of this rise are multifactorial; these include the inaccurate spread of information and rumours through social media, certain religious perspectives, propaganda and increasing anger and frustration among the general public,ED overcrowding, staff shortages etc. We aim to conduct a qualitative exploratory study among the ED frontline care providers at the two major EDs of Karachi city. The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions, challenges and experiences regarding WPV faced by ED healthcare providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: For this research study, a qualitative exploratory research design will be employed using in-depth interviews and a purposive sampling approach. Data will be collected using in-depth interviews from study participants working at the EDs of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) and the Aga Khan University Hospital(AKUH) Karachi, Pakistan. Thestudy data will be analysed thematically using NVivo V.12 Plus software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Aga Khan University Ethical Review Committee and from Jinnah postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC). The results of the study will be disseminated to the scientific community and to the research subjects participating in the study.The findings of this study will help to explore the perceptions of ED healthcare providers regarding WPV during the COVID-19 pandemic and provide a better understanding of study participant's' challenges concerning WPV during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Workplace Violence , Developing Countries , Emergency Service, Hospital , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22269202

ABSTRACT

Pakistan Registry of Intensive Care (PRICE) is a platform that has enabled standardized COVID-19 clinical data collection based on ISARIC/WHO Clinical Characterization Protocol. The near real-time data platform includes epidemiology, severity of illness, microbiology, treatment and outcomes of patients admitted with suspected or laboratory confirmed COVID19 infection to 67 intensive care and high dependency units across the country. Data has been extracted and analysed at regular intervals to inform stakeholders and improve care practices. This is our 28th report including all patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 from 26th March 2020 to 26th December 2021. Key findings from 8624 patients who met eligibility criteria, are as follows: Median age of 60 years (IQR 50-70). The most common symptoms were shortness of breath (n = 6428, 77.8%), fever (n = 6091, 73.8%), and Cough (n = 3354, 38.9%) The most common comorbidity was hypertension followed by diabetes. During the course of illness 2804 (32.6%) patients received non-invasive ventilation, whereas 2474 (28.8%) patients had mechanical ventilation as their highest organ support. In addition, 2246 (26.1%) patients needed haemodynamic support and 1249 (14.7%) patients required renal replacement therapy as their highest organ support. Median APACHE II score was 18 Overall mortality at ICU discharge was 39.2% Increasing age and requirement for invasive mechanical ventilation were independent risk factors for mortality increased the risk of death

8.
Transplant Proc ; 53(8): 2438-2446, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1316649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection on kidney transplant, mortality, and risk factors associated with infection acquisition and severe illness in kidney transplant recipients with COVID-19. METHODS: Of 693 kidney transplant recipients who reported to our center, 249 were tested for COVID-19 by throat and nasal swab reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Of these, 43 recipients tested positive and 206 recipients tested negative. Among the 43 positive recipients, 9 were treated within an isolation facility, 25 were admitted to the hospital, and 9 were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Risk factors associated with positive results and ICU admission were evaluated. RESULTS: COVID-19 was found in 6% of transplant recipients. Asian ethnicity (p = .003), history of hypertensive nephropathy (p = .01), AB blood group (P = .04), and higher tacrolimus trough levels (P = .007) were more frequent in the COVID-19 positive than in the COVID-19 negative group. ICU admission was more frequent in recipients presenting with fever, shortness of breath, and acute allograft dysfunction. Renal replacement therapy was required in 3 (7%) of 43 recipients, and mortality was reported in 1 (2.3%) recipient. Acute allograft dysfunction was an independent risk factor for severe COVID-19 (odds ratio, 93.7; 95% confidence interval, 2.37-3710.94; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Higher tacrolimus targets may be associated with COVID-19 development. Acute kidney injury during the COVID-19 course may be a sign of severe disease. Prognostication of COVID-19 severity in kidney transplant recipients is crucial for early recognition of critical illness and may ensure early intervention.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Transplant Recipients , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Qatar/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
9.
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 12(5):30-36, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1226948

ABSTRACT

Background: Regular educational activities have suffered since the start of COVID-19 pandemic. New data has been emerging regularly regarding COVID-19 and the optimal way of care for patients with COVID-19 infection. Emphasis upon dispensing knowledge in current pandemic times should be made. Aims and Objective: We assessed the knowledge of internal medicine and gastroenterology trainees regarding liver involvement and related issues in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This online survey comprised of 10 questions designed to examine the basic knowledge of Sars-Cov-2 virus, knowledge regarding liver involvement in COVID-19, and the ability to decide on patient care. Results: A total of 100 responses were collected. Most of the responses were from Pakistan (n=75). More than 80% of trainees responded correctly regarding the accurate indication of endoscopic procedures during COVID-19 pandemic, absence of ACE-II receptor expression on astrocytes, upper respiratory secretions being an eligible sample for SARSCOV-II, avoiding regular outpatient follow up, avoiding hydroxychloroquine as a prophylactic drug, and azithromycin in decompensated cirrhosis, continuing beta-blockers and lactulose in a decompensated patient, melena being an accurate indication for screening endoscopy and the choosing right set of PPEs. Less than 50% of responders knew correctly regarding NAFLD being a notorious factor for COVID-19 related complications, ACE-II receptor expression by cholangiocytes and enterocytes, saliva and stool being an eligible sample for SARS-COV-II detection, palliative approach as an appropriated management step for decompensated-CLD patients and history of ascites as an appropriate indication for screening endoscopy. GI trainees performed better in some areas of knowledge Conclusions: Trainees were updated in many aspects of the recent guidance in the management of COVID-19 but there were many lacunae in the knowledge. So, continuous medical education activities are essential to keep the residents updated about the changing developments in the management of COVID-19. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Asian Journal of Medical Sciences is the property of Manipal Colleges of Medical Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

10.
World J Nephrol ; 9(2): 9-17, 2020 Nov 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-976466

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 has spread across the world and has been classified as a pandemic. It has overwhelmed the healthcare systems. Specifically, it has overstretched the intensive care units and renal replacement therapy services in many countries. In this paper, we discuss the reconfiguration of nephrology services in the State of Qatar during the current pandemic. We highlight the key strategies that have been implemented to ensure that renal replacement therapy capacity is not constrained in either the intensive care or ambulatory setting. Some innovative approaches for the safe delivery of ambulatory care to dialysis and kidney transplant patients are also discussed.

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