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1.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 28(10): 677.e1-677.e6, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1914740

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, donor grafts are frequently cryopreserved to ensure that a graft is available before starting a conditioning regimen. However, there have been conflicting reports on the effect of cryopreservation on transplantation outcomes. Also, the impact of cryopreservation may differ in bone marrow (BM) transplantation (BMT) and peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation (PBSCT). In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical data of both cryopreserved unrelated BMTs (n = 235) and PBSCTs (n = 118) and compared these with data from a large control cohort without cryopreservation including 4133 BMTs and 720 PBSCTs. Among the patients with cryopreserved grafts, 10 BMT recipients (4.3%) and 3 PBSCT recipients (2.5%) did not achieve neutrophil engraftment after transplantation, including 4 of the former and all 3 of the latter who died early before engraftment. In a multivariate analysis, cryopreservation was not associated with neutrophil engraftment in BMT but significantly delayed neutrophil engraftment in PBSCT (hazard ratio [HR], .82; 95% confidence interval [CI], .69 to .97; P = .023). There was an interaction with borderline significance between cryopreservation and the stem cell source (P = .067). Platelet engraftment was delayed by cryopreservation after both BMT and PBSCT. Only 2 cryopreserved grafts (<1%) were unused during the study period. The cryopreservation of unrelated donor BM and PBSC grafts is associated with a slight delay in neutrophil and platelet engraftment but an acceptable rate of graft failure. PBSC grafts may be more sensitive to cryopreservation than BM grafts. Cryopreservation is a reasonable option during COVID-19 pandemic, provided that the apheresis and transplantation centers are adept at cryopreservation. © 2022 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Graft vs Host Disease , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Bone Marrow , COVID-19/epidemiology , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , United States
2.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(3): 270.e1-270.e6, 2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1108498

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 has spread rapidly worldwide, but the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the field of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains unknown. To understand this better, an 18-item online survey was disseminated by the Worldwide Network for Blood & Marrow Transplantation with questions exploring SARS-CoV-2 testing algorithms, mobilization, and cryopreservation strategies and COVID-19 infections in allogeneic related and autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) donors. The aim of this survey was to assess the impact of the outbreak on policies relating to HPC mobilization, collection, and processing with respect to changes in daily routine. A total of 91 individual responses from distinct centers in 6 continents were available for analysis. In these centers, the majority (72%) of allogeneic related and autologous donors are routinely tested for SARS-CoV-2 before HPC collection, and 80% of centers implement cryopreservation of allogeneic HPC grafts before commencing conditioning regimens in patients. Five related and 14 autologous donors who tested positive for COVID-19 did not experience any unexpected adverse events or reactions during growth factor administration (eg, hyperinflammatory syndrome). These data are limited by the small number of survey respondents but nonetheless suggest that centers are following the recommendations of appropriate scientific organizations and provide some preliminary data to suggest areas of further study.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Algorithms , Allografts , Bone Marrow Transplantation/trends , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Testing/methods , COVID-19 Testing/statistics & numerical data , Cryopreservation/methods , Donor Selection/standards , Global Health , Health Care Surveys , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization/statistics & numerical data , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/trends , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Procedures and Techniques Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Tissue Preservation/methods , Transplantation, Autologous , Unrelated Donors/statistics & numerical data
3.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(12): 2181-2189, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-722012

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has impacted many facets of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in both developed and developing countries. Realizing the challenges as a result of this pandemic affecting the daily practice of the HCT centers and the recognition of the variability in practice worldwide, the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (WBMT) and the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research's (CIBMTR) Health Services and International Studies Committee have jointly produced an expert opinion statement as a general guide to deal with certain aspects of HCT, including diagnostics for SARS-CoV-2 in HCT recipient, pre- and post-HCT management, donor issues, medical tourism, and facilities management. During these crucial times, which may last for months or years, the HCT community must reorganize to proceed with transplantation activity in those patients who urgently require it, albeit with extreme caution. This shared knowledge may be of value to the HCT community in the absence of high-quality evidence-based medicine. © 2020 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Transplantation , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans
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