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Br J Haematol ; 2023 May 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20239795


High rates of lung failure have been reported in haematological patients after SARS-CoV2 infection. An early administration of monoclonal antibodies or anti-virals may improve the prognosis. Oral anti-virals may have a wider use independently of the genetic variations of the virus. Prospective data on anti-virals in haematological malignancies (HMs) are still lacking. Outpatients diagnosed with HM and early COVID-19 infection were prospectively treated with the oral anti-virals nirmatrelvir/ritonavir and molnupiravir. Incidence of lung failure, deaths and adverse events was analysed. Long-term outcome at third month was evaluated. Eighty-two outpatients were evaluable for the study objectives. All patients had been treated for their HM within 12 months. COVID-19-related lung failure was 23.1%. Active HM (aOR = 4.42; p = 0.038) and prolonged viral shedding (aOR = 1.04; p = 0.022) resulted independent predictors of severe infection. The vaccination with three to four doses (aOR = 0.02; p = 0.001) and with two doses (aOR = 0.06; p = 0.006) resulted protective. COVID-19-related deaths at 28 days were 6.1%. All-cause mortality at 90-day follow-up was 13.4% (n. 11) and included opportunistic infections and cardiovascular events. In conclusion, this approach reduced the incidence of lung failure and specific mortality compared to previous cohorts, but patients remain at high risk of further complications.

Viruses ; 15(5)2023 05 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233031


INTRODUCTION: Remdesivir (REM) and monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) could alleviate severe COVID-19 in at-risk outpatients. However, data on their use in hospitalized patients, particularly in elderly or immunocompromised hosts, are lacking. METHODS: All consecutive patients hospitalized with COVID-19 at our unit from 1 July 2021 to 15 March 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. The primary outcome was the progression to severe COVID-19 (P/F < 200). Descriptive statistics, a Cox univariate-multivariate model, and an inverse probability treatment-weighted (IPTW) analysis were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 331 subjects were included; their median (q1-q3) age was 71 (51-80) years, and they were males in 52% of the cases. Of them, 78 (23%) developed severe COVID-19. All-cause in-hospital mortality was 14%; it was higher in those with disease progression (36% vs. 7%, p < 0.001). REM and mAbs resulted in a 7% (95%CI = 3-11%) and 14% (95%CI = 3-25%) reduction in the risk of severe COVID-19, respectively, after adjusting the analysis with the IPTW. In addition, by evaluating only immunocompromised hosts, the combination of REM and mAbs was associated with a significantly lower incidence of severe COVID-19 (aHR = 0.06, 95%CI = 0.02-0.77) when compared with monotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: REM and mAbs may reduce the risk of COVID-19 progression in hospitalized patients. Importantly, in immunocompromised hosts, the combination of mAbs and REM may be beneficial.

COVID-19 , Aged , Male , Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Immunocompromised Host , Disease Progression
Br J Haematol ; 196(3): 559-565, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1462747


Limited information is available on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the management of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The Campus CML network collected retrospective information on 8 665 CML patients followed at 46 centres throughout Italy during the pandemic between February 2020 and January 2021. Within this cohort, we recorded 217 SARS-CoV-2-positive patients (2·5%). Most patients (57%) were diagnosed as having SARS-CoV-2 infection during the second peak of the pandemic (September 2020 to January 2021). The majority (35%) was aged between 50 and 65 years with a male prevalence (73%). Fifty-six percent of patients presented concomitant comorbidities. The median time from CML diagnosis to SARS-CoV-2 infection was six years (three months to 18 years). Twenty-one patients (9·6%) required hospitalization without the need of respiratory assistance, 18 (8·2%) were hospitalized for respiratory assistance, 8 (3·6%) were admitted to an intensive care unit, while 170 (78%) were only quarantined. Twenty-three percent of patients discontinued tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy during the infection. Twelve patients died due to COVID-19 with a mortality rate of 5·5% in the positive cohort and of 0·13% in the whole cohort. We could also document sequelae caused by the SARS-CoV-2 infection and an impact of the pandemic on the overall management of CML patients.

COVID-19 , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/mortality , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate