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Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):114-122, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033749

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic, an increase in mental health problems has been reported in members of the health personnel, with the self-report being an initial way of evaluating it. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the perception of repercussions in the mental sphere in health professionals in Latin America before COVID-19. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out between June and August 2020 in Latin America. The perception of repercussions was measured through an instrument previously validated in Peru, which was taken virtually from 406 doctors, nurses and others;this was crossed versus other variables. The main concern was returning home and infecting their family (22% strongly agree), followed by feeling the abuse because they do not give them the necessary amount of personal protective equipment (13% strongly agree) and perceiving mental exhaustion for all the activities they did (12% strongly agree). In the multivariate analysis, the older there was a lower perception of mental repercussion (aPR: 0.98;95% CI: 0.97-0.99;p value = 0.012);In addition, those who had a greater perception of repercussions in the mental sphere also had more anxiety at a low level (aPR: 1.84;95% CI: 1.14-2.98;p value = 0.013) and post-traumatic stress (aPR: 2.28;95% CI: 1.61-3.22;p value <0.001), adjusted for depression and stress. Despite being an exploratory analysis, important associations were found in the mental sphere;which should continue to be investigated in larger studies.

2.
Educacion Medica ; 23(3), 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1972051

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic has forced students to be able to adapt to new means of education. The closure of educational centers has generated a massive migration to virtuality and, often, neither the institutions nor the students were prepared for this modality. Objective: To validate a scale that measures the academic repercussions as a consequence of the measures taken by the pandemic among university students in 13 countries of Latin America. Methodology: Instrumental, analytical and cross-sectional study. The sampling was non-probabilistic and by convenience. Evaluations of form and substance were carried out. The substantive evaluation was carried out by expert judgment, and a small pilot was conducted to evaluate the form of the items. Results: In the substantive analysis, item 1 was the most relevant (V = 0.93;95% CI: 0.82-0.98), as was the case for representativeness and clarity. Furthermore, the preliminary analysis of the items shows that item 6 has the highest mean score (M = 2.67) and item 1 the lowest (M = 2.19). Regarding variability, item 4 (SD = 1.40) shows the greatest dispersion. The relevance of the exploratory factor analysis is justified by the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient (0.854) and Bartlett's test (17716.5;gl = 15;p = 0.000) being acceptable and significant. Conclusions: The REP-ACAD-COVID-19-LAT scale is a valid and reliable scale to measure the impact of virtuality in times of health emergency such as the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022 The Authors

3.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar ; 51(2), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1897791

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The declaration of the pandemic in March 2020 has forced the world's universities to adapt to a new methodology based entirely on virtuality. Objective: To identify the impact generated by the virtualization of education on the academic performance of medical students in 2020. Methods: An observational, descriptive study with a cross-sectional. The data of the academic performance of the students of the fourth and fifth years of the years 2019 and 2020 were obtained anonymously from the university's database. The data were entered in Excel and analyzed by EpiInfo;qualitative variables were expressed as absolute and relative frequency, continuous ones as mean and standard deviation. The chi square test was used at a significance level of 0,05 to establish associations between variables. Results: In the fourth year regarding the pharmacology subject, the average percentage during 2020 was 80 %, in surgical semiology 87.3 % and in medical semiology 87.9 %. In the fifth year in terms of gynecology and obstetrics, the average percentage during 2020 was 92 %, in pediatrics 74.7 % and in medical clinic 89.6 %. Conclusion: There was a significant impact generated by the virtualization of education on the academic performance of medical students in 2020 compared to 2019. © 2022, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

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