Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 41
Filter
1.
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education ; 12(1):311-318, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203611

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to explore Malaysian undergraduates' perspectives on the implementation of remote learning in their university during the period of the movement control order (MCO). Since teaching and learning activities have been impacted by the pandemic, it is imperative to consider students' perspectives on carrying out classes via the online platform as many studies claim that the pandemic has disrupted teaching and learning activities. A total of 1,028 undergraduate students participated in this voluntary study by answering an open-ended survey sent out to their student email addresses during the MCO period that restricted students and lecturers from going to the university. The qualitative responses from the students were critically analyzed for thematic patterns. The four themes emerging from the data provide future teaching and learning plans that should embed self-learning techniques that could aid students if a similar predicament should hit us in the future. Course instructors can use this information to design future lessons that could assist their learners better. © 2023, Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. All rights reserved.

2.
Thromb J ; 20(1):77, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism was a chief cause of mortality in 70% of patients with COVID-19. Our objective was to see if serum interleukins 1 beta (IL-1β) and soluble platelets selectin (sP-selectin) could serve as novel markers of thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This cross sectional study involved 89 COVID-19 patients who were recruited from 1st of February to 1st of May 2021. Clinical and laboratory data were collected, and chest imaging was performed. The levels of IL-1β and sP-selectin were assessed in all cases through ELISA kits. Comparisons between groups were done using an unpaired t-test in normally distributed quantitative variables. In contrast, a non-parametric Mann-Whitney test was used for non-normally distributed quantitative variables. RESULTS: Severe COVID-19 infection was associated with higher serum levels of CRP, Ferritin, LDH, D dimer, IL-1β and sP-selectin (P <  0.001) with significant correlation between levels of IL-1β and sP-selectin (r 0.37, P <  0.001), D-dimer (r 0.29, P 0.006) and Ferritin (r 0.5, p <  0.001). Likewise, a positive correlation was also found between levels of sP-selectin, D-dimer and Ferritin (r 0.52, P <  0.001) (r 0.59, P <  0.001). Imaging studies revealed that 9 (10.1%) patients developed venous and 14 (15.7%) developed arterial thrombosis despite receiving anticoagulant therapy. Patients with thrombotic events had significantly higher levels of IL-1β, sP-selectin and LDH serum levels. Meanwhile, there was no statistical significance between CRP, D-dimer or Ferritin levels and the development of thrombotic events. CONCLUSION: IL-1β and sP-selectin levels can be promising predictors for severe COVID-19 infection and predictable thrombosis.

3.
HIV Nursing ; 22(2):3388-3392, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156154

ABSTRACT

With the worldwide threat of SARS-CoV-2 as well as the growing number of infectious agents, little is recognized about how such a virus impacts the reproductive-system of males. This new coronavirus illness (COVID-19) outbreak puts men at a greater risk than females. So far, research on the andrological effects of coronavirus has been limited. The purpose of this study was to see how COVID-19 affected sperm characteristics in infertile males. Such study includes 30 males in total. In the prospective cohort study, different demographic as well as semen parameters have been assessed. The demographic factors including age, BMI, diabetes, and hypertension have somehow little or no effect on the patients after the COVID-19 diagnosis. Furthermore, the semen characteristics include sperm count and concentration, total motility, semen volume, and progressive motility. The COVID-19 infection has a significant impact on all these parameters. We present significant experimental proof  that the COVID-19 outbreak can harm and target male fertility. The long-term outcomes of coronavirus on the reproductive systems of males have yet to be determined. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 can impair men’s reproductive function. Standard treatment plans must be made timely to protect infected patients’ fertility. Fertility evaluations and competent fertility assistance should be offered concurrently for recovered individuals with fertility needs. © 2022, ResearchTrentz Academy Publishing Education Services. All rights reserved.

4.
9th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Informatics, EECSI 2022 ; 2022-October:250-255, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156036

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted increasing mental health problems in Indonesia. People were haunted by anxiety, fear, and mental stress resulting from isolation activities, as well as physical restrictions and conditions of uncertainty. Even data before the pandemic showed that mental health problems were a task that had not been entirely resolved, both in Indonesia nationally and internationally. According to data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, in 2016, there were 1,800 data on suicides in one year. This is equivalent to a total of 5 people who commit suicide in one day. Even sadder, it is known that 47.7% of suicide victims are aged 10 to 39 years, namely teenagers and productive age, including university students. Therefore, this study aims to design an e-counseling-based expressive writing therapy platform for college students. The expressive writing therapy method was chosen because it has a positive effect on depressive symptoms. The final result of this research is a system design in the form of a UML diagram that describes the actors, process flows, and system components, and also the prototype of the system. © 2022 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES).

5.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 4):50, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2147412

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In the earlier days of COVID-19 pandemic, the cases grew rapidly in an increasing number of countries, triggering bold policy responses. The impact of different containment strategies had yet to show any relationship with the cases. It became a question that would strict restriction in any way impact the spread of infection significantly and should it be a common practice among everywhere else in the world. Therefore, policy makers wondered if strict restrictions would impact the spread significantly and should this be practiced elsewhere in the world. Material(s) and Method(s): This rapid review assessed the effectiveness of different containment strategies used in suppressing COVID-19 infection in different countries from January 2020 to November 2020. Searches were done in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, WHO database, ResearchGate. We identified 492 studies and screened for duplication. Using the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 studies were included. Result(s) and Conclusion(s): Different countries instituted containment strategies in different ways, such as Movement Control Order in Malaysia, Circuit Breaker in Singapore, COVID-19 Alert System Levels in New Zealand, etc. Most containment strategies had different success levels that depended on the time of implementation and whether the community accepted these new lifestyles and regulation. Sweden and New Zealand showed a high degree of success in combating COVID-19 despite their big population and less personal invasive methods in terms of containment strategies. Countries like United States, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and South Korean's responses to COVID-19 could be hard to replicate. However, all countries needed to improve on three main competencies, namely, technology enforcement, strong public health governance and public partnership. A nationwide lockdown could not promise a country to be free from the outbreak, but the response time and early detection with active surveillance was critical in slowing the spread and growth of new cases in managing this pandemic.

6.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 4):52, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2147352

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ventilation system serves as one of the methods for infection control within patient treatment areas amongst patients and staff. The High infectivity in confined areas raised concerns for patients and staff safety especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective(s): To describe the ventilation system design approach applied in patient areas of a public hospital. Material(s) and Method(s): Four (4) patient-related areas in a 76 bed non-specialist hospital was assessed. The variables included are the airflow, supply air, return air and air filtration. Result(s) and Conclusion(s): The airborne infection isolation room has air flow from the staff area to the patient area. The air inlet provides 100% non-circulating fresh air with 12 air change rate per hour (ACH) located at entrance. The outlet is located on the lower left side of the patient's head. High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter placed at the outlet with negative room pressure. The air conditioned multi bed area has air inlet at the entry point and outlet located farther away from patients and staff. While, the clinical examination room air inlet was placed near the staff area and outlet above the patient treatment area. Both the common multi-bed inpatient and clinical examination rooms have normal pressure. The ventilation system is served from central Air Handling Unit (AHU) and recirculated, however, MERV 13 grade filter is employed as recommended by American Standard Heating and Refrigeration Engineer (ASHRAE) in both multi-bed inpatient area and clinical examination room. Finally, the operation room was provided with laminar air flow from above the patient towards the lower four corners of the room. The room pressure would be relatively positive compared to the surrounding rooms. The HEPA filter is placed at the inlet. The ventilation system design approach in the public hospital assessed caters for airborne-related infectious diseases control. However, further assessment of its effectiveness is required particularly in the operation theater where the room pressure is relatively positive.

7.
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning ; 23(4):35-56, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145847

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study investigates the online education intention of undergraduate students in the largest and oldest public university in Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic. Under convenient sampling, 843 undergraduate students with rural and urban backgrounds participated in an online self-administered questionnaire. Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was employed to examine the hypothesized relationships. We found that students’ online class intention is significantly influenced by their attitude towards online classes (AOC), perceived usefulness (PU), and facilitating conditions (FC). We further identified that external antecedents have significant indirect effects on the outcome variables. Our findings provide new insights and contribute to a learners’ community on online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study extends the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to depict the factors influencing undergraduate students’ intention to attend online classes (IOC) during the COVID-19 pandemic © 2022,International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. All Rights Reserved.

8.
International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning ; 23(4):35-56, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2122085

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study investigates the online education intention of undergraduate students in the largest and oldest public university in Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic. Under convenient sampling, 843 undergraduate students with rural and urban backgrounds participated in an online self-administered questionnaire. Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was employed to examine the hypothesized relationships. We found that students' online class intention is significantly influenced by their attitude towards online classes (AOC), perceived usefulness (PU), and facilitating conditions (FC). We further identified that external antecedents have significant indirect effects on the outcome variables. Our findings provide new insights and contribute to a learners' community on online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study extends the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to depict the factors influencing undergraduate students' intention to attend online classes (IOC) during the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
Metabolites ; 12(11)2022 Nov 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2116026

ABSTRACT

Four compounds, hippacine, 4,2'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxychalcone, 2',5'-dihydroxy-4-methoxychalcone, and wighteone, were selected from 4924 African natural metabolites as potential inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 papain-like protease (PLpro, PDB ID: 3E9S). A multi-phased in silico approach was employed to select the most similar metabolites to the co-crystallized ligand (TTT) of the PLpro through molecular fingerprints and structural similarity studies. Followingly, to examine the binding of the selected metabolites with the PLpro (molecular docking. Further, to confirm this binding through molecular dynamics simulations. Finally, in silico ADMET and toxicity studies were carried out to prefer the most convenient compounds and their drug-likeness. The obtained results could be a weapon in the battle against COVID-19 via more in vitro and in vivo studies.

10.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(12):2439-2443, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2091016

ABSTRACT

Background: Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) or interchangeably termed as plasmapheresis is a process involving extracorporeal removal of plasma from other components of blood and replacing it with physiological fluids. this procedure aimed at removes circulating antibodies, immune complexes and toxins from the blood. TPE has been effectively used in numerous disorders. Aim of the study: to assess TPE in our nephrology unit at Nephrology &Urology Minia University Hospital after the 1st year experience, including indications, doses, complications and outcome. Method(s): This is a descriptive study, carried out through one year on patients who were treated using TPE;clinical data, investigations, number of sessions, type of used fluid for exchange, outcomes and complications were recorded and analyzed statistically. Result(s): Thirty seven patients were included to this study;8 patients had Systemic lupus erytheromatosus (SLE), 4 patients had Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP), 4 patients had multiple sclerosis (MS),3 patients had Myasthenia Gravis (MG), 3 patients had nephrotic syndrome(NS), 3patients had pre transplant elevated autoantibobodies,2 patients had posttransplant Immune mediated rejection, 2 patients had autoimmune encephalitis, 2patient had Heamolytic Uremic Syndrome(HUS),1 patients had covid-19 infection,1 patient had Staff man syndrome,1 patient had RH-Alloimmunization with pregnancy,1 patient had Thrombotic Microangiopathy(TMA), 1 patient had neuromyelitis optica and 1 patient had Guillane Baree syndrome(GBs) . the total number of sessions of TPE Throughout this year were 192 session, As regard complications;the most common complication was chest infection, twenty nine patients were improved and 3patients showed no improvement while 5 patients un fortunately died during the treatment course of disease. Conclusion(s): TPE is a safe and effective adjuvant therapy for many diseases especially immune mediated disorders. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

11.
Journal of Applied Science and Engineering (Taiwan) ; 26(6):813-820, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2080830

ABSTRACT

The main goal of the present study is to examine the performance of novel draw solutions to extract high-quality water from simulated brackish water. Three different types of draw solutions namely L-ascorbic acid, L-aspartic acid, and thiourea. The current draw solutions’ performance was measured in terms of average water flux (LMH) and average reverse solute flux (g/m2h). The impact of several parameters on FO desalination performance, such as draw solution type, feed water concentration, draw solution concentration, and membrane orientation mode, was investigated. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was shown to have better FO performance in terms of high water flow up to 7.5 LMH and negligible reverse solute flux among the various types of draw solutions studied. The suggested FO technique can extract clean water to dilute the vitamin C draw solution up to the daily vitamin C in drinking water dose limit. Immune system deficits, cardiovascular illness, maternal health difficulties, eye disease, and even skin wrinkling may be protected by the supplemented vitamin C drinking water created. Some specialists recently recommended taking 200 mg of vitamin C daily for COVID-19 prophylaxis or 1-2 grams for COVID-19 treatment, according to some experts. © The Author(’s).

12.
Transplantation ; 106(8):85-86, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2040801

ABSTRACT

Background: Traditionally, patients were kept intubated for 48 hours in the postoperative period. Living donor liver transplantation poses a different set of challenges. Most of the predictors mentioned in the literature were, low MELD, low BMI, and with stable comorbidities etc. for early extubation following living donor liver transplantation. We assessed the feasibility of fast tracking and early extubation in our patients, who were not fitting in those mentioned predictors in the literature. Methods: We present a case series of 6 patients who were fast tracked and extubated early, following living donor liver transplantation, out of 22 patients over the last 6 months. Results: All these patients were aged more than 45 yrs, with an average age of 55.8 yrs, average MELD score of 20.8, Child status C, some of our patients had cardio pulmonary comorbidities. patient 2, was COPD, post asymptomatic COVID, with CoRad score3 on HRCT, patient 5, was class 3 obese with no OSA, patient 6, had Hypertension, CAD- triple vessel disease, post CABG 7 yrs back, The intraoperative metabolic parameters like base excess and Lactates were showing good correction and all of them had very minimal inotropic support at the time of extubation, with Norepinephrine < 0.05mcg/kg/minutes. There was no post reperfusion hemodynamic instability or PRS in our patients, the average GRWR in our patients was 0.94, the mean anhepatic period, warm ischemia and cold ischemia times were pretty low. None of them had any significant postoperative complications. Conclusions: We propose, we can safely fast track and extubate early, following living donor liver transplantation with high MELD scores, and stable comorbidities. Further, large studies are needed to look for the feasibility of expanding the criteria for early extubation.

13.
Journal of Chemistry ; : 1-23, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2001957

ABSTRACT

Continuing our antecedent work against COVID-19, a set of 5956 compounds of traditional Chinese medicine have been virtually screened for their potential against SARS-CoV-2 helicase (PDB ID: 5RMM). Initially, a fingerprint study with VXG, the ligand of the target enzyme, disclosed the similarity of 187 compounds. Then, a molecular similarity study declared the most similar 40 compounds. Subsequently, molecular docking studies were carried out to examine the binding modes and energies. Then, the most appropriate 26 compounds were subjected to in silico ADMET and toxicity studies to select the most convenient inhibitors to be: (1R,2S)-ephedrine (57), (1R,2S)-norephedrine (59), 2-(4-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)phenyl)acetic acid (84), 1-phenylpropane-1,2-dione (195), 2-methoxycinnamic acid (246), 2-methoxybenzoic acid (364), (R)-2-((R)-5-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)-2-phenylacetic acid (405), (Z)-6-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxystyryl)-4-methoxy-2H-pyran-2-one (533), 8-chloro-2-(2-phenylethyl)-5,6,7-trihydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochromone (637), 3-((1R,2S)-2-(dimethylamino)-1-hydroxypropyl)phenol (818), (R)-2-ethyl-4-(1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl)phenol (5159), and (R)-2-((1S,2S,5S)-2-benzyl-5-hydroxy-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl)propane-1,2-diol (5168). Among the selected 12 compounds, the metabolites, compound 533 showed the best docking scores. Interestingly, the MD simulation studies for compound 533, the one with the highest docking score, over 100 ns showed its correct binding to SARS-CoV-2 helicase with low energy and optimum dynamics. Finally, MM-PBSA studies showed that 533 bonded favorably to SARS-CoV-2 helicase with a free energy value of −83 kJ/mol. Further, the free energy decomposition study determined the essential amino acid residues that contributed favorably to the binding process. The obtained results give a huge hope to find a cure for COVID-19 through further in vitro and in vivo studies for the selected compounds. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Chemistry is the property of Hindawi Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

14.
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1972865

ABSTRACT

Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are a growing global concern due to their widespread use and potential harm to human and animal health. Several EDCs have been linked to cancer, obesity, and diabetes in children and adults. EDCs come from manufacturers or everyday products like cookware, textile, cosmetic, furniture, and plastic. Some EDCs are volatile and may be inhaled by the inhabitants where indoor exposure to EDCs is considered worse than outdoor exposure due to the limited and confined area allowing dermal contact and ingestion of EDCs. During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020–2021, all Malaysians were confined to their homes, prompting the goal of this study to investigate EDCs in household dust collected from Klang Valley homes. A total of 57 dust samples were collected, filtered, and extracted using methanol. EDCs including perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), bisphenol and parabens were identified and quantified in dust samples by liquid chromatography mass tandem spectrometry (LCMS/MS). The presence of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), butylparaben (BuP), methylparaben (MeP), ethylparaben (EtP), and propylparaben (PrP) was detected in 50–100% of dust samples, with range of concentration of 0.31–3693.96 ng/g, indicating that these compounds are common in indoor dust. Methylparaben was the most prevalent EDC in collected dust samples with mean concentration at 148. 18 ng/g, accounting for 54% of the concentration distribution, followed by BuP and PFOA. There were regional differences in EDC profiles, with higher PFAS and paraben levels in urban areas such as Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur, and Petaling. The estimated daily intake (EDI) of EDCs from indoor dust ingestion varied by age, with infants having a significantly higher EDI (p <.01) than children and adults. Despite safe for consumption (Hazard Quotient, HQ < 1), these findings provide a baseline for assessing PFAS, bisphenol, and paraben in indoor dust from Malaysian homes. © 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

15.
Gastroenterology ; 162(7):S-459-S-460, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1967306

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Micronutrient supplements such as vitamin D, vitamin C, and zinc have been used in managing viral illnesses. However, the role of these micronutrients in reducing mortality in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains unclear. We conducted this meta-analysis to provide a quantitative assessment of the effect of these individual micronutrients on mortality in COVID-19. Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases through November 5th, 2021. All individual micronutrients reported by ≥3 studies and compared with standardof- care (SOC) were included. The outcome was mortality. All statistical analyses were performed using the Review Manager. Pooled risk ratios (RR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the random-effects model. Results: We involving 5573 COVID-19 patients that compared three individual micronutrient supplements (vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc) with SOC. Eight studies evaluated vitamin C in 1338 patients (530 in vitamin C and 808 in SOC). Vitamin C supplementation had no significant effect on the risk of mortality (RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.63-1.80, P=0.82, Figure 1A). Fourteen studies assessed the impact of vitamin D supplementation on mortality risk among 3497 patients (927 in vitamin D and 2570 in SOC). Vitamin D did not reduce the mortality risk in patients (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.49-1.17, P=0.21, Figure 1B). Subgroup analysis showed that vitamin D supplementation was not associated with a mortality benefit in patients receiving vitamin D pre or post COVID-19 diagnosis (Figure 1B). Five studies, including 738 patients, compared zinc intake with SOC (447 in zinc and 291 in SOC). Zinc supplementation was not associated with a significant reduction of mortality (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.60- 1.03, P=0.08, Figure 1C). Subgroup analyses of RCTs for all three micronutrient supplements showed consistent findings (Figure 2). Conclusions: Individual micronutrient supplementations, including vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc, did not reduce mortality in patients with COVID-19. Further research is needed to validate our findings. (Figure Presented)

16.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; 18(8):211-220, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1965194

ABSTRACT

Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, university students are among those who are at risk of developing psychological problems. The study is therefore aimed to determine university students’ psychological distress (depression, anxiety, and stress) and quality of life (QoL) during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted, using the 21-item depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21) to assess the severity of their depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms and the SF-36 to assess their QoL. Results: In total, 59.2%, 67.0%, and 40.4% of the participants experienced mild to extremely severe depression, anxiousness, and stress, respectively. University students reported a lower mean score in all SF-36 domains compared with the non-pandemic norms of the general Malaysian population. The findings of binary logistic regression demonstrated that most socio-demographic factors, such as faculty type, number of siblings, income, and residential area, had an impact on respondents' stress levels. Meanwhile, depression was only affected by the year of study and the number of siblings, while anxiety was influenced by the year of study and the family's income. All the SF-36 domains were observed to be adversely correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress. The vitality (VT), emotional well-being (EW), and social functioning (SF) domains were strongly correlated with depression. Conclusion: The COVID-19 outbreak exacerbated university students' psychological distress and reduced their quality of life, necessitating involvement from the appropriate authorities to assist them in dealing with the problem. © 2022 UPM Press. All rights reserved.

17.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; 18(8):183-194, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1965193

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic COVID-19 has profoundly disrupted the social and economic activities that lead to the trend of work from home. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress and their associations with quality of life among parents who work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic in Shah Alam. Methods: A total of 384 parents were included in this cross-sectional study through convenience and snowball sampling techniques. An online survey methodology, Google Form, involving Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Screening 21 Item Questionnaire and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire were utilized to collect the data via WhatsApp, Facebook, and Telegram. Descriptive analysis, binary logistic regression, and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were used to analyse the recorded data using SPSS version 26. Results: Majority of participants were 40 - 49 years old, female, Malay, married and have three numbers of children. It was found that about 58.3%, 59.1%, and 38.8% of the participants were having depressed, anxious, and stressed, respectively. However, the findings indicated lower mean scores among participants in all SF-36 domains except vitality when compared with the Malaysian norm. Marital status was associated with depression and gender was associated with anxiety. No sociodemographic variable was associated with stress. All domains of SF-36 were negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress. Conclusion: Higher level of depression, anxiety, and stress reduced the quality of life. Hence, effective interventions for better psychological status and quality of life of parents during a potential subsequent pandemic is necessary. © 2022 UPM Press. All rights reserved.

18.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; 18(8):168-175, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1965191

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Environmental Health Officers (EHO) and Assistant Environmental Health Officers (AEHO), are among the front liners involved in combating COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. The overburdening strain, prolonged working hours, and inability to take time off have had an indirect psychological impact on them, resulting in a quality-of-life imbalance. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the likelihood and associated factors contributing to depression, anxiety, stress, and Quality of Life (QoL) of EHO and AEHO in Selangor during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 170 participants was conducted in Selangor through the distribution of an online survey. The survey comprised of sociodemographic data, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Screening 21 Item Questionnaire (DASS-21) and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36). Results: Approximately, 54.7%, 68.8% and 25.9% of respondents suffered from depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. Marital status was the only factor associated with stress among the respondents. The tested domains of QoL such as physical functioning, social functioning and emotional well-being showed a decrease in mean value when compared to Malaysian norm. It was observed that the QoL was afflicted with gender, marital status, and number of children. The study also proved that there are significant negative correlations between QoL with depression, anxiety, and stress. Conclusion: Reduced QoL among environmental health practitioners was associated with depression, anxiety, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Government agencies or employers should impose an intervention programme, such as work rescheduling or a day off, to restore balance. © 2022 UPM Press. All rights reserved.

19.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; 18(8):43-49, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1965189

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Educational sector in Malaysia had been severely affected by COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the erratic nature of COVID-19 cases in Malaysia for the past two years, teaching style has shifted back and forth between home-based teaching and learning (PdPR) sessions and face-to-face teaching. Teachers must be prepared for any unanticipated shifts that occurred throughout the pandemic due to the implementation of movement control orders that resulted in school closures. Thus, this study aims to measure the depression, anxiety, stress, and quality of life among Malaysian teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Between March 21st and June 1st, 2021, 391 teachers completed Google form questionnaires containing the DASS-21, SF-36, and socio-demographic data, which were distributed online via WhatsApp, Telegram, Twitter, and Facebook. Results: : According to the findings of this study, most teachers (55.5 %) were anxious, followed by depression (39.9 %) and stress (27.6 %). Depression, anxiety, and stress were all statistically related to age (p<0.05), marital status (p<0.01), and the number of children (p<0.05). When it came to quality of life, teachers had the highest physical functioning score about 86 but the lowest vitality at 62.3. All domains of quality of life were found negatively correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress (p<0.05). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the depression, anxiety, and stress among the Malaysian teachers. To improve teachers’ well-being and mental health, effective policies, guidelines, and planning, as well as massive resources and support from administrative authorities, would be necessary. © 2022 UPM Press. All rights reserved.

20.
International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies ; 16(13):107-117, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964207

ABSTRACT

The use of Google Meet (GM) application for teaching and learning implementation online is one of the methods in the teaching manual that has been introduced by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE). This study aimed to identify the level of readiness of students and self-motivation by students when using the GM application as a medium for online learning Basic Computer subject in Higher Education Institution during pandemic Covid-19. A quantitative study was conducted with the participation of 43 students from Diploma level in Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah (UniSHAMS). A set of questionnaires had been provided with three main categories consists of Online Learning Medium, Online Learning Method Using Application, and Relationship Between Online Learning Application’s Features with Self-Motivation. The findings of this study show that Online Learning Medium improves self-motivation and directly encourages students to adopt technology into their learning. Furthermore, learning application directly affects their self-motivation. Online learning medium, as mediated by online learning application, can affect self-motivation. The results suggested that MOHE must encourage the use of online learning application for teaching and learning in their schools to align with the technology growth rapidly © 2022. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies. All Rights Reserved.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL