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J Frailty Aging ; 11(4): 342-347, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322317


The Resilience is a construct receiving growing attention from the scientific community in geriatrics and gerontology. Older adults show extremely heterogeneous (and often unpredictable) responses to stressors. Such heterogeneity can (at least partly) be explained by differences in resilience (i.e., the capacity of the organism to cope with stressors). The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) Task Force met in Boston (MA,USA) on April 20, 2022 to discuss the biological and clinical significance of resilience in older adults. The identification of persons with low resilience and the prompt intervention in this at-risk population may be critical to develop and implement preventive strategies against adverse events. Unfortunately, to date, it is still challenging to capture resilience, especially due to its dynamic nature encompassing biological, clinical, subjective, and socioeconomic factors. Opportunities to dynamically measure resilience were discussed during the ICFSR Task Force meeting, emphasizing potential biomarkers and areas of intervention. This article reports the results of the meeting and may serve to support future actions in the field.

Frailty , Geriatrics , Sarcopenia , Humans , Aged , Sarcopenia/prevention & control , Advisory Committees , Adaptation, Psychological
J Frailty Aging ; 11(2): 135-142, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1811434


Sarcopenia and frailty represent two burdensome conditions, contributing to a broad spectrum of adverse outcomes. The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) Task Force met virtually in September 2021 to discuss the challenges in the development of drugs for sarcopenia and frailty. Lifestyle interventions are the current mainstay of treatment options in the prevention and management of both conditions. However, pharmacological agents are needed for people who do not respond to lifestyle modifications, for those who are unable to adhere, or for whom such interventions are inaccessible/unfeasible. Preliminary results of ongoing trials were presented and discussed. Several pharmacological candidates are currently under clinical evaluation with promising early results, but none have been approved for either frailty or sarcopenia. The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped how clinical trials are conducted, in particular by enhancing the usefulness of remote technologies and assessments/interventions.

COVID-19 , Frailty , Sarcopenia , Advisory Committees , Humans , Pandemics , Sarcopenia/drug therapy
Lancet Healthy Longevity ; 3(3):E128-E129, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1755518
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(7): 696-698, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-401572


The COVID-19 pandemic is posing an unprecedented challenge to healthcare systems worldwide. Older adults, which frequently present multiple chronic comorbidities, are more susceptible to COVID-19 and experience more likely negative outcomes, in terms of disease severity and mortality. However, chronological age per se may not entirely explain the dramatic scenario described among the frailest and oldest persons. Comorbidities and functional status may indeed play a relevant role. Patients at high risk of adverse clinical outcomes in COVID-19 infection are the same at risk of malnutrition, namely older adults and multimorbid individuals. In fact, COVID-19 can negatively impact on nutritional status, both in patients admitted to the hospital with the most severe manifestations of the infection, as well as in those who experience milder/asymptomatic forms of the disease. Despite being quite difficult in these emergency circumstances, nutritional status needs to be assessed in all COVID-19 patients upon admission and during hospital stay. Early nutritional support should be guaranteed in order to improve several malnutrition-related adverse outcomes. The evaluation of the nutritional status is today even more crucial than in normal times given the delicate status of older patients with COVID-19.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diet therapy , Frail Elderly , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Pneumonia, Viral/diet therapy , Aged , COVID-19 , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2