Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-316218

ABSTRACT

Background: The Envelope (E) protein of SARS-CoV-2 is the most enigmatic protein among the four structural ones on the viral genome. Most of the current knowledge on the E protein is based on the direct comparison to the SARS E protein, initially mistakenly undervalued and subsequently proved to be a key factor in the ER-Golgi localization and in tight junction disruption. Methods: : We compared the genomic sequences of E protein of SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and the closely related genomes of bats and pangolins obtained from the GISAID and GenBank databases. Multiple sequence alignments were done with the Geneious software using the MAFFT algorithm. In silico modelling analyses of E proteins conformation and docking with PALS1 were performed with the Schrodinger Suite. Results: : When compared to the known SARS E protein, we observed a different amino acidic sequence in the C-terminal of SARS-CoV-2 E protein which might have a key role in the current COVID-19 pathogenesis. In silico docking results provide evidence of a strengthened binding of SARS-CoV-2 E protein with the tight junction-associated PALS1 protein. Conclusions: : We suggest that SARS-CoV-2 E protein may interfere with the tight junction stability and formation leading to an enhanced epithelial barrier disruption, amplifying the inflammatory processes, and promoting tissue remodelling. These findings raise a warning on the underestimated role of the E protein in the pathogenic mechanism and could open the route to detailed experimental investigations.

2.
iScience ; 24(7): 102788, 2021 Jul 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1284161

ABSTRACT

Recent advancements in bidimensional nanoparticles production such as graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) have the potential to meet the need for highly functional personal protective equipment (PPE) against SARS-CoV-2 infection. The ability of G and GO to interact with microorganisms provides an opportunity to develop engineered textiles for use in PPE and limit the spread of COVID-19. PPE in current use in high-risk settings for COVID transmission provides only a physical barrier that decreases infection likelihood and does not inactivate the virus. Here, we show that virus pre-incubation with soluble GO inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection of VERO cells. Furthermore, when G/GO-functionalized polyurethane or cotton was in contact SARS-CoV-2, the infectivity of the fabric was nearly completely inhibited. The findings presented here constitute an important innovative nanomaterial-based strategy to significantly increase PPE efficacy in protection against the SARS-CoV-2 virus that may implement water filtration, air purification, and diagnostics methods.

3.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 1838-1847, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1147687

ABSTRACT

Short Linear Motifs (SLiMs) are functional protein microdomains that typically mediate interactions between a short linear region in one protein and a globular domain in another. Surface Plasmon Resonance assays have been performed to determine the binding affinity between PDZ domain of wild type human PALS1 protein and tetradecapeptides representing the SLiMs sequences of SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 E proteins (E-SLiMs). SARS-CoV-2 E-SLiM binds to the human target protein with a higher affinity compared to SARS-CoV-1, showing a difference significantly greater than previously reported using the F318W mutant of PALS1 protein and shorter target peptides. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations have provided clear evidence of the structural determinants driving this binding process. Specifically, the Arginine 69 residue in the SARS-CoV-2 E-SLiM is the key residue able to both enhance the specific polar interaction with negatively charged pockets of the PALS1 PDZ domain and reduce significantly the mobility of the viral peptide. These experimental and computational data are reinforced by the comparison of the interaction between the PALS1 PDZ domain with the natural ligand CRB1, as well as the corresponding E-SLiMs of other coronavirus members such as MERS and OCF43. Our results provide a model at the molecular level of the strategies used to mimic the endogenous SLiM peptide in the binding of the tight junctions of the host cell, explaining one of the possible reasons of the severity of the infection and pulmonary inflammation by SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Microbes Infect ; 22(10): 592-597, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-744191

ABSTRACT

The Envelope (E) protein of SARS-CoV-2 is the most enigmatic protein among the four structural ones. Most of its current knowledge is based on the direct comparison to the SARS E protein, initially mistakenly undervalued and subsequently proved to be a key factor in the ER-Golgi localization and in tight junction disruption. We compared the genomic sequences of E protein of SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and the closely related genomes of bats and pangolins obtained from the GISAID and GenBank databases. When compared to the known SARS E protein, we observed a significant difference in amino acid sequence in the C-terminal end of SARS-CoV-2 E protein. Subsequently, in silico modelling analyses of E proteins conformation and docking provide evidences of a strengthened binding of SARS-CoV-2 E protein with the tight junction-associated PALS1 protein. Based on our computational evidences and on data related to SARS-CoV, we believe that SARS-CoV-2 E protein interferes more stably with PALS1 leading to an enhanced epithelial barrier disruption, amplifying the inflammatory processes, and promoting tissue remodelling. These findings raise a warning on the underestimated role of the E protein in the pathogenic mechanism and open the route to detailed experimental investigations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/chemistry , Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Tight Junctions/chemistry , Viral Envelope Proteins/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , COVID-19/genetics , Chiroptera/virology , Databases, Genetic , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase/genetics , Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase/metabolism , Pangolins/virology , SARS Virus/chemistry , SARS Virus/genetics , SARS Virus/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Tight Junctions/metabolism , Viral Envelope Proteins/genetics , Viral Envelope Proteins/metabolism
5.
Microbes Infect ; 22(4-5): 182-187, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-626674

ABSTRACT

Envelope protein of coronaviruses is a structural protein existing in both monomeric and homo-pentameric form. It has been related to a multitude of roles including virus infection, replication, dissemination and immune response stimulation. In the present study, we employed an immunoinformatic approach to investigate the major immunogenic domains of the SARS-CoV-2 envelope protein and map them among the homologue proteins of coronaviruses with tropism for animal species that are closely inter-related with the human beings population all over the world. Also, when not available, we predicted the envelope protein structural folding and mapped SARS-CoV-2 epitopes. Envelope sequences alignment provides evidence of high sequence homology for some of the investigated virus specimens; while the structural mapping of epitopes resulted in the interesting maintenance of the structural folding and epitope sequence localization also in the envelope proteins scoring a lower alignment score. In line with the One-Health approach, our evidences provide a molecular structural rationale for a potential role of taxonomically related coronaviruses in conferring protection from SARS-CoV-2 infection and identifying potential candidates for the development of diagnostic tools and prophylactic-oriented strategies.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/metabolism , Computational Biology/methods , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Viral Envelope Proteins/immunology , Animals , Betacoronavirus/classification , Betacoronavirus/genetics , Betacoronavirus/immunology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Envelope Proteins , Epitope Mapping , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Humans , Models, Molecular , One Health , Pandemics , Phylogeny , Protein Conformation , SARS-CoV-2 , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, Protein
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL