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1.
International Conference on Computing, Communication, Electrical and Biomedical Systems, ICCCEBS 2021 ; : 397-404, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1750474

ABSTRACT

The advent of new augmented reality applications in workplaces and education centers will greatly enhance the productivity exponentially. As the world moves toward online workspace because of the COVID-19 pandemic situation, it is vital that we increase the productivity at home without compromising on the collaboration aspect. We focus on a Collaborative Interactive Workspace Environment (CIWE) as an almost ideal alternative to current office workspace setting. In CIWE, multiple users can influence a shared virtual workspace environment through an Optical Transparent Head-Mounted Device. CIWE utilizing augmented reality allows better approaches for cooperation and perception and helps to build client engagement and commitment. Furthermore, we also present a hybrid workspace solution which uses both the PC and a OTHD in sync to extend the display capabilities of the PC from conventional monitors to the digitally augmented workspace, thus reducing the need of large tables and also cutting the cost by giving the at most conveyances. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2.
1st Indian International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2021 ; : 659-669, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1738111

ABSTRACT

Employee engagement has been a key focus area by Indian Organizations during the pandemic. This research paper focuses on the origins of Employee Engagement theories and how Indian companies are navigating these employee engagement practices due to the pandemic. There have been studies in this regard and empirical evidence indicates that improvement in Employee Engagement directly correlates to improved productivity. The authors in this paper, explore the details of the employee engagement and map the theoretical aspects to the various engagement practices undertaken by Indian companies during the pandemic. The research shows that organizations have been able to effectively manage the crisis by supporting the employee’s infrastructure requirement and address their safety needs. However, there is little evidence by these organizations, rehauling their core fundamentals in the terms of employees Roles & Responsibilities and changes in organizational processes. © IEOM Society International.

3.
1st Indian International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2021 ; : 680-690, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1738054

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of Covid-19 across the world is the biggest concern for all the countries. Controlling the Covid-19 virus outbreak is very challenging and India has managed the pandemic through strict measures. This research explores the impact on employees working in companies in India. The researchers extracted data from various Research journals, Articles, and Newspapers. This study presents the Impact of Covid-19 on employees of various companies in India and measures taken by different companies in the field of safety, healthcare, Wellbeing Allowances, financial aspects, and how many companies are thinking beyond their own staff to cope up with the difficult situation and impact of Covid-19. This study answers different research questions like how companies are managing their work in this Covid-19 pandemic situation in a comprehensive manner. Based on the theoretical underpinnings of Employee Engagement, the researchers explore the various engagement aspects by companies in India. © IEOM Society International.

4.
International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Systems ; 14:137-148, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1610368

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a pandemic that has affected over 170 countries around the world. Since the beginning of 2020 the world has witnessed dramatic changes in many sectors including the education system. The COVID-19 pandemic possesses a huge challenge in the way the traditional education system functions. In India, as the virus captured the community, students confined to their homes and academic community were forced to explore the medium of digital technology to provide education that reach beyond the school boundaries into the homes of millions of students. There are concerns from the stake holders in education about effectiveness of online teaching in comparison with social context of traditional class room learning. This study examines online learning in tourism higher education during the period of lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic. Study aims to identify the effectiveness of the online teaching during the lockdown period. It also discusses the possible benefits and disadvantages of using e-learning in higher education for tourism and identifies the effectiveness of various online platforms for e learning among tourism students. The reliability of the self made instrument used for data collection is measured using Cronbach’s alpha. To identify the factors, the Exploratory Factor Analysis has been used. Exploratory factor analysis increases the reliability of the scale and the dimensionality of items constructed by analysing the existence of relationships between perception of respondents and online learning. To validate the instrument, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used while AMOS was used to construct an online education model. The findings of this study offer useful suggestions to academicians to get more familiar with the main factors of the e-learning system. The study also helps student community by identifying shortcomings in the online learning trajectories so that the online learning can be strengthened. The study is predominantly focused in the state of Kerala, India © 2021 Publishing India Group. All rights reserved.

5.
Studies in Agricultural Economics ; 123(3):131-140, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1579809

ABSTRACT

Boosting the immune system's response through better nutrition has been suggested as a coping strategy to help fight COVID-19. Among other food products, orange juice, a rich source of Vitamin C, has been in huge demand in India since the outbreak of COVID-19. Panic buying has further added to this increased demand for orange juice. Using data collected through online surveys, this paper applies both conjoint and market simulation analysis to study consumers' preferences when purchasing orange juice. Nine important product attributes (flavour, preservatives, sweetener, brand, taste, pulp concentration, container, production method of orange and price) as well as different levels for each attribute are considered for the analysis. Among the selected attributes, relatively respondents gave more importance to the 'method of production' of orange, followed by 'brand', 'pulp concentration', 'sweeteners', and 'preservatives.' The market simulation analysis showed that a new product with the desired levels (high mean utility values) across the selected attributes would stand to enjoy a market share of around 32 percent. These findings support product differentiation as a strategy by firms in the food processing sector under conditions of intense competition.

6.
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; 165(1 SUPPL):P278, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1467865

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cochlear implant (CI) patients require appointments with multiple providers prior to and following surgery. Visits include otologic and audiologic assessment, medical clearance, imaging, and postoperative programming. For patients living in rural areas, long travel times pose a barrier to efficient, safe care, especially considering the age and restricted mobility of many CI patients. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated expansion of telemedicine and has increased cooperation between local providers and distant specialists. This report describes a virtual-collaborative model of CI patient care (VCCI) in which surgeons at a major metropolitan CI center coordinate pre- and postoperative visits through telemedicine and remote collaboration with local audiologists, otolaryngologists, primary care physicians, and radiologists to improve the overall efficiency of managing CI patients. Method: Medical records for patients undergoing VCCI were reviewed. Data collected included number of virtual and face-to-face visits, estimated total driving time, and time from initial consultation to implantation. These results were compared with a similarly sized sample of CI patients undergoing standard management. Results: Patients undergoing VCCI showed >50% decrease in both face-to-face visits and average driving time when compared with standard pre-CI evaluation. Time to implantation was similar, although time required for evaluation was reduced substantially. Conclusion: A virtual-collaborative model for CI patient care using virtual visits and collaborative efforts between local providers and remote specialists was effective in reducing the number of required face-to-face visits, as well as total distance traveled. This study adds to a growing body of literature describing strategies for increasing the efficiency of caring for cochlear implantation patients.

7.
IFPRI - Discussion Papers|2021. (1999):vii + 42 pp. 48 ref. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1456251

ABSTRACT

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is perennially plagued by prolonged phases of poverty, conflict, and increased internal migration, as well as pandemic outbreaks such as Ebola and COVID19, and limited livelihood opportunities. Such unexpected or catastrophic events have rendered households vulnerable and resulted in poor health outcomes. Given this background, we intend to analyze the nutritional profile of households for a period spanning almost a decade using the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES). We construct a composite nutrition deficiency index (NDI), capturing intake of 14 different macro- and micronutrients (which we refer to as dimensions) - namely, calories, protein, calcium, zinc, folate, thiamine, niacin, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin D, vitamin B6, vitamin C, and vitamin E - using the popular Alkire-Foster methodology. This methodology, usually used to construct multidimensional poverty indexes, in this case helps measure the incidence, intensity, and combined extent of multinutrient deprivation. DRC's values on the multidimensional NDI vary regionally from 0.13 to 0.73. Urban DRC performs worse than rural DRC. Regions subject to the conflict and Ebola crises are the worst-affected of the nutritionally deprived regions. Deficiency in calorie and protein intake contributes to the highest values of the NDI, but we also find evidence of a double burden of malnutrition, with households lacking consumption of both macro- and micronutrients. South Kivu is the worst-performing of all regions and Mongala the best. The northern parts of DRC have fewer nutritionally deprived households, as compared with the central and southwestern parts. Our main policy recommendation is to help improve market access in urban areas so that people consume a more diverse diet. In rural areas, the government should support improving nutrition-sensitive agricultural production. Although the World Food Programme has a sustained presence in the country, uplifting households from severe hunger, active participation by the government and collaboration with multiple stakeholders is called for.

8.
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis ; 20:S65, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1368825

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on people living with cystic fibrosis (PWCF) in Ireland was investigated by comparing the utilisation of regular hospital facilities in 2020, with data collected in 2019. Methods: All data were collated by the Cystic Fibrosis Registry of Ireland (CFRI). Comparisons were made between PWCF's access to regular hospital facilities utilised for the treatment and management of their condition prior to the outbreak of the pandemic in 2019, and preliminary data during the pandemic in 2020. A descriptive analysis of the differences between key outcome measure data was conducted. The outcome measures analysed were (i) the number and type of encounters, (ii) the number of virtual clinics, (iii) the number of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) carried out, (iv) the number of hospital admissions, and (v) the number of individuals receiving home intravenous antibiotic treatment. Results: In 2019, encounter data were recorded for 1,254 individuals, compared to 1,143 in 2020. Overall, fewer encounters took place in 2020 (5,346) than in 2019 (7,947). Decreases were observed across all in-person hospital encounter types in 2020, when compared with 2019 (annual review: 273 vs 747;day-unit review: 1,792 vs 2,864;drop-in: 115 vs 277;OPD appointment: 1,064 vs 3,289). However, since the outbreak of the pandemic, 1,696 virtual encounters occurred. Significantly, the number of PFTs carried out decreased by 58% in 2020 (2,283), when compared with 2019 (5,458). Of the 1,696 virtual encounters, only 183 (10.8%) saw PFTs carried out. Conclusion: Our analysis has shown a clear reduction in the utilisation of usually regular hospital resources by PWCF in 2020 when compared with 2019. In-person hospital encounters have decreased by 55% in total, highlighting the significant impact that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had on PWCF.

9.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(2): 1476-1498, 2021 03 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1352121

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization, and the situation worsens daily, associated with acute increases in case fatality rates. The main protease (Mpro) enzyme produced by SARS-CoV-2 was recently demonstrated to be responsible for not only viral reproduction but also impeding host immune responses. The element selenium (Se) plays a vital role in immune functions, both directly and indirectly. Thus, we hypothesised that Se-containing heterocyclic compounds might curb the activity of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. We performed a molecular docking analysis and found that several of the selected selenocompounds showed potential binding affinities for SARS-CoV-2 Mpro, especially ethaselen (49), which exhibited a docking score of -6.7 kcal/mol compared with the -6.5 kcal/mol score for GC376 (positive control). Drug-likeness calculations suggested that these compounds are biologically active and possess the characteristics of ideal drug candidates. Based on the binding affinity and drug-likeness results, we selected the 16 most effective selenocompounds as potential anti-COVID-19 drug candidates. We also validated the structural integrity and stability of the drug candidate through molecular dynamics simulation. Using further in vitro and in vivo experiments, we believe that the targeted compound identified in this study (ethaselen) could pave the way for the development of prospective drugs to combat SARS-CoV-2 infections and trigger specific host immune responses.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/antagonists & inhibitors , Heterocyclic Compounds/pharmacology , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Selenium/analysis , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , Computational Biology , Computer Simulation , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/chemistry , Heterocyclic Compounds/chemistry , Humans , Ligands , Models, Molecular , Molecular Docking Simulation , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Pyrrolidines/chemistry , Pyrrolidines/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Sulfonic Acids
10.
Journal of Earth System Science ; 130(3), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1349357

ABSTRACT

The nationwide lockdown in India to curb the spread of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) led to colossal reduction in anthropogenic emissions. Here, we investigated the impact of lockdown on surface ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) over a tropical coastal station – Thumba, Thiruvananthapuram (8.5°N, 76.9°E). Daytime as well as night-time NO2 showed reduction by 0.8 (40%) and 2.3 (35%) ppbv, respectively during the lockdown period of 25–30 March 2020 as compared with the same period of previous 3 years. Unlike many urban locations, daytime surface O3 is found to be dramatically reduced by 15 ppbv (36%) with O3 production rate being lower by a factor of 3 during the lockdown. Interestingly, a feature of O3-hump during the onset of land breeze typically observed during 1997–1998 has reappeared with magnitude of 5–10 ppbv. A photochemical box model, capturing this feature, revealed that significant O3 sustained till onset of land breeze over the land due to weaker titration with NOx during lockdown. It is suggested that the transport of this O3 rich air with onset of land breeze led to the observed hump. Our measurements unravel a remarkable impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the chemistry and dynamics of O3 over this tropical coastal environment.

11.
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ; 128(SUPPL 2):198, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1276489

ABSTRACT

Objective New evidence is emerging regarding the effects of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in pregnancy. We report this case to highlight COVID-19 complications and challenges in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Case report A 35 years old, Para 1, had an uneventful pregnancy up to 36 weeks' gestation, when she was admitted with reduced fetal movements, feeling unwell, fever, and cough with a positive COVID-19 PCR. She was febrile, tachycardiac, and normotensive with no proteinuria. Symptomatic treatment was commenced with infection control measures. Cardiotocograph (CTG) was reassuring initially. Her platelet count was 66 9 109/L and her liver function tests (LFT) were mildly deranged. Peripheral blood film showed no signs of Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. The hematologist suggested that thrombocytopenia was most likely related to COVID-19 & her isolated mildly prolonged APTT was corrected by Vitamin K. She was induced in view of intermittent decelerations on CTG and progressive thrombocytopenia. However, CTG became abnormal and she had a lower segment cesarean section under General Anastasia (because of thrombocytopenia). She delivered a 2.8 kg baby boy (APGAR score of 6 and 9 at 5 and 10 mins respectively, normal cord pH). Delivery was complicated by a Postpartum hemorrhage of 2 L, for which she was transfused one unit of platelets, and two units of red cells, along with oxytocics and antibiotics. Neonate was COVID-19 positive and had hyperbilirubinemia, which settled subsequently. The subsequent recovery of the mother was uneventful, with improvement in her platelet count and LFT. She was discharged home with her baby on the 4th postoperative day after the debriefing. She was prescribed thromboprophylaxis for 6 weeks and followed up as an outpatient. Discussion The management of COVID-19 in pregnancy should include a multidisciplinary approach, foeto-maternal surveillance, infection control measures, delivery planning, and psychological support. Rasmussen SA advocates the use of empiric antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection risk & mechanical support in case of respiratory compromise. Thrombocytopenia is a known complication of COVID-19 in pregnancy. Thromboprophylaxis is challenging in such patients and depends on risks and benefits, clotting profile, and the timing of delivery. Moreover, the differential diagnosis for epigastric pain in pregnancy with COVID-19 infection varies from gastritis and preeclampsia to hepatic and myocardial injury. Vertical transmission is a known risk of maternal COVID-19 infection. Conclusion As obstetric teams face COVID-19 pandemic associated foeto-maternal challenges, there is a need for holistic interventions for caveats arising from COVID-19 complications.

12.
Bjog-an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ; 128:198-198, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1268830
13.
Stud. Comput. Intell. ; 944:700-711, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1130718

ABSTRACT

A world crisis brings forth new, often unexpected responses that are fascinating to investigate from both scientific and social standpoints. A comprehensive bibliometric investigation of such an event can offer insights into politics of the pandemic, not just providing incentives for improving scientific quality and productivity, but also dissecting the role of global competition and marginalization in terms of funding and peerage. The sheer numbers of publications witnessed in less than 10 months of the novel coronavirus outbreak, indicates how scientists from all walks of life, irrespective of their respective fields of interests, shifted to COVID19 research, leading to discoveries and new directions of research for many. However, this shift has also resulted in shocking factoids based on incomplete interpretations of scientific data, which have continued to be foisted on the public at an alarming rate during the past nine months of COVID, the most colossal of these being the Lancet HCQ story. In this work, we use the 2020 COVID-19 publications to identify bibliometric communities that we compare temporally across two major epidemics of SARS and MERS. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

14.
Current Science ; 120(2):285-286, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1115725
15.
Current Science (00113891) ; 120(2):341-351, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1052569

ABSTRACT

In this study, we assess the response of ambient aerosol black carbon (BC) mass concentrations and spectral absorption properties across Indian mainland during the nation-wide lockdown (LD) in connection with the Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. The LD had brought near to total cut-off of emissions from industrial, traffic (road, railways, marine and air) and energy sectors, though the domestic emissions remained fairly unaltered. This provided a unique opportunity to delineate the impact of fossil fuel combustion sources on atmospheric BC characteristics. In this context, the primary data of BC measured at the national network of aerosol observatories (ARFINET) under ISRO-GBP are examined to assess the response to the seizure of emissions over distinct geographic parts of the country. Results indicate that average BC concentrations over the Indian mainland are curbed down significantly (10–40%) from prelockdown observations during the first and most intense phase of lockdown. This decline is significant with respect to the long-term (2015–2019) averaged (climatological mean) values. The drop in BC is most pronounced over the Indo-Gangetic Plain (>60%) and north-eastern India (>30%) during the second phase of lockdown, while significant reduction is seen during LD1 (16–60%) over central and peninsular Indian as well as Himalayan and sub-Himalayan regions. Despite such a large reduction, the absolute magnitude of BC remained higher over the IGP and north-eastern sites compared to other parts of India. Notably, the spectral absorption index of aerosols changed very little over most of the locations, indicating the still persisting contribution of fossil-fuel emissions over most of the locations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Current Science (00113891) is the property of Indian Academy of Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

16.
Anaesthesia ; 76(2): 225-237, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-960777

ABSTRACT

We convened a multidisciplinary Working Party on behalf of the Association of Anaesthetists to update the 2011 guidance on the peri-operative management of people with hip fracture. Importantly, these guidelines describe the core aims and principles of peri-operative management, recommending greater standardisation of anaesthetic practice as a component of multidisciplinary care. Although much of the 2011 guidance remains applicable to contemporary practice, new evidence and consensus inform the additional recommendations made in this document. Specific changes to the 2011 guidance relate to analgesia, medicolegal practice, risk assessment, bone cement implantation syndrome and regional review networks. Areas of controversy remain, and we discuss these in further detail, relating to the mode of anaesthesia, surgical delay, blood management and transfusion thresholds, echocardiography, anticoagulant and antiplatelet management and postoperative discharge destination. Finally, these guidelines provide links to supplemental online material that can be used at readers' institutions, key references and UK national guidance about the peri-operative care of people with hip and periprosthetic fractures during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Case Management/standards , Hip Fractures/therapy , Anesthesia/standards , COVID-19 , Guidelines as Topic , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Quality Improvement
17.
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology ; 14(3):1623-1638, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-881571

ABSTRACT

Newly emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has now spread across the globe in past few months while affecting 26 million people and leading to more than 0.85 million deaths as on 2nd September, 2020. Severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection increases in COVID-19 patients due to pre-existing health co-morbidities. This mini-review has focused on the three significant co-morbidities viz., heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes, which are posing high health concerns and increased mortality during this ongoing pandemic. The observed co-morbidities have been found to be associated with the increasing risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 critical illness as well as to be associated positively with the worsening of the health condition of COVID-19 suffering individuals resulting in the high risk for mortality. SARS-CoV-2 enters host cell via angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptors. Regulation of crucial cardiovascular functions and metabolisms like blood pressure and sugar levels are being carried out by ACE2. This might be one of the reasons that contribute to the higher mortality in COVID-19 patients having co-morbidities. Clinical investigations have identified higher levels of creatinine, cardiac troponin I, alanine aminotransferase, NT-proBNP, creatine kinase, D-dimer, aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase in patients who have succumbed to death from COVID-19 as compared to recovered individuals. More investigations are required to identify the modes behind increased mortality in COVID-19 patients having co-morbidities of heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes. This will enable us to design and develop suitable therapeutic strategies for reducing the mortality. More attention and critical care need to be paid to such high risk patients suffering from co-morbidities during COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Journal of Earth System Science ; 129(1), 2020.
Article | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-778080

ABSTRACT

In 2020, we are in the doorstep of a new decade, during which the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are to be achieved, collectively as one nation and one human-hood, where availability of safe, sustainable and clean water and air forms the core of multiple goals. However, the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic across the globe has resulted a newer challenge and paradigm for an evolving socio-scientific priorities. It is generally expected that the impacts of the pandemic would be in shorter time-scale, while the planned time and pathway for attaining the SDG are typically mandated in longer-term, hence may remain mostly unaffected. However, the stringent lockdown measures, isolated economies and financial burden to contain the pandemic emergency have resulted to slowdown of socio-economic development, which if continues for a longer period, would put a question mark on developing plans and pathways to achieve the SDGs, even in decadal-scale. Hence, in these newer times, it is important to understand the real priorities of availability of clean water and air, which are already stressed worldwide and in India, because of various natural and human-influenced triggers. This ongoing pandemic has provided an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the impact of human development and consequent feedback of nature and human society in pre- and post-COVID scenarios on water-air-human life, which can help to re-think and re-orient the societal development priorities. It is a rare opportunity for scientists to impress the policy-makers with real-time examples on the efficacies of potential mitigation strategies for climate change, water and air pollution, and the importance of enduring investment on environmental causes and consequent benefits that can secure health and development for our future generations.

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