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1.
Innovation in aging ; 5(Suppl 1):408-408, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1624101

ABSTRACT

Nursing homes across the world have taken very restrictive measures, including a ban for visitors, to prevent and control COVID-19 infections. This study reports on findings of a study investigating guidelines on allowing visitors in nursing homes and the impact on residents’ well-being, family caregivers and staff. In total, 76 nursing homes in the Netherlands were followed using a survey study, including three waves of data collection in (May 2020, September 2020, March 2021. Results indicated a negative impact of a visitation ban for residents’ overall well-being. There was a variety in guidelines of allowing visitors in nursing homes, and showed that safe visiting was possible during the COVID-19 pandemic. Staff perceived a fragile balance between infection prevention and the impact of restriction on residents. In conclusion, a general ban for visitors is not necessary and may do more harm than good for residents living in nursing homes.

2.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 588, 2021 10 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477265

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To protect nursing home residents, many governments around the world implemented blanket visitor bans in March and April 2020. As a consequence, family caregivers, friends, and volunteers were not allowed to enter nursing homes, while residents were not allowed to go out. Up until now, little is known on the long-term consequences and effects of visiting bans and re-opening of nursing homes. The aim of the study was to assess the long-term effects of the pandemic on residents, family members, and staff, and their preparedness for the next coronavirus wave. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used, consisting of a questionnaire and analyses of documentation (local visiting protocols). Of the 76 nursing home locations that participated in a Dutch national pilot on welcoming visitors back into nursing homes, 64 participated in this follow-up study. Data were collected in September/October 2020. For each nursing home, one contact person completed the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were calculated for quantitative questionnaire data. Data on open-ended questions, as well as data from the documentation, were analyzed thematically. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the consequences of strict visiting bans do not disappear at the moment the visiting ban is lifted. Although in October 2020, daily life in nursing homes was more "back to normal," more than one-third of the respondents indicated that they still applied restrictions. Compared to the situation before the pandemic, fewer volunteers were working in the nursing homes, grandchildren visited their relative less often, and visits differed. CONCLUSIONS: Five months after the visiting ban in Dutch nursing homes had been lifted, it still had an impact on residents, family members, and staff. It is questionable whether nursing homes feel prepared for welcoming visitors in the case of new COVID-19 infections. Nursing homes indicated that they felt prepared for the next wave, while at the same time, they were particularly concerned about staff well-being and vitality. It seems wise to invest in staff well-being. In addition, it seems desirable to think about how to support nursing homes in seeking a balance between infection prevention and well-being of residents, family members, and staff.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Nursing Homes , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Nurs Open ; 2021 Jul 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1293293

ABSTRACT

AIMS: To gain insight into how direct care staff in Dutch nursing homes experienced work during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: A qualitative study consisting of semi-structured, face-to-face focus groups was conducted using "the active dialogue approach". METHODS: Participants (n = 29) were care staff from four care teams at Dutch nursing homes. Teams were selected based on the number of COVID-19 infections amongst residents. Data were analysed with conventional content analysis. RESULTS: Themes emerging from the data were the loss of (daily) working structure, interference between work and private life for direct care staff, the importance of social support by the team and a leader, and the effects on relationship-centred care of the measures. Results offer concrete implications for similar situations in the future: psychological support on-site; autonomy in daily work of care staff; an active role of a manger on the work floor and the importance of relationship-centred care.

5.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 21(7): 900-904, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-598614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To prevent and control COVID-19 infections, nursing homes across the world have taken very restrictive measures, including a ban for visitors. These restrictive measures have an enormous impact on residents' well-being and pose dilemmas for staff, although primary data are lacking. A Dutch guideline was developed to cautiously open nursing homes for visitors during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study reports the first findings on how the guideline was applied in the local context; the compliance to local protocols; and the impact on well-being of residents, their family caregivers, and staff. DESIGN: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In total, 26 nursing homes were permitted to enlarge their possibilities for allowing visitors in their facility. These nursing homes were proportionally representative of the Netherlands as they were selected by their local Area Health Authority for participation. At each nursing home, a contact person was selected for participation in the current study. METHODS: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study was conducted, consisting of questionnaire, telephone interviews, analyses of documentation (ie, local visiting protocols), and a WhatsApp group. RESULTS: Variation in local protocols was observed, for example, related to the use of personal protective equipment, location, and supervision of visits. In general, experiences were very positive. All nursing homes recognized the added value of real and personal contact between residents and their loved ones and indicated a positive impact on well-being. Compliance with local guidelines was sufficient to good. No new COVID-19 infections were reported during this time. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These results indicate the value of family visitation in nursing homes and positive impact of visits. Based on these results, the Dutch government has decided to allow all nursing homes in the Netherlands to cautiously open their homes using the guidelines. More research is needed on impact and long-term compliance.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Guidelines as Topic , Infection Control/organization & administration , Nursing Homes/organization & administration , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Visitors to Patients/legislation & jurisprudence , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Guideline Adherence , Homes for the Aged/organization & administration , Humans , Male , Netherlands , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Patient Safety , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology
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