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British Journal of Surgery ; 108:2, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1537508
Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal ; 25(5):1-11, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1316081


The banking sector plays an efficient role in economic development of a country. Banks are considered as back bone of any economy for financial growth and stability. Private sector banks in India play an important role along with public sector for overall financial sector reforms. The introduction of multinational private sector banks in India increased the competition in Indian Banking Industry. The objective of this study is to evaluate and analysis the performance of private banks before Covid Pandemic. Required secondary data has been collected from annual reports of the respective banks and Reserve Bank of India website. Current study covered a period of 10 years from financial year 2010- 2011 to financial year 2019-2020. Current study is based on the performance of five selected private sector banks, namely-HDFC, ICICI, Axis bank, KOTAK Mahindra bank, and IDFC bank. CAMEL method is used for measuring the financial performance of these banks. To evaluate the performance of private sectors banks, five critical elements are used i.e., Capital adequacy ratio, asset quality, management, earning and liquidity. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

Sci Total Environ ; 742: 140524, 2020 Nov 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-624699


Improving the food supply chain efficiency has been identified as an essential means to enhance food security, while reducing pressure on natural resources. Adequate food loss and waste (FLW) management has been proposed as an approach to meet these objectives. The main hypothesis of this study is to consider that the "strong fluctuations and short-term changes" on eating habits may have major consequences on potential FLW generation and management, as well as on GHG emissions, all taking into account the nutritional and the economic cost. Due to the exceptional lockdown measures imposed by the Spanish government, as a consequence of the emerging coronavirus disease, COVID-19, food production and consumption systems have undergone significant changes, which must be properly studied in order to propose strategies from the lessons learned. Taking Spain as a case study, the methodological approach included a deep analysis of the inputs and outputs of the Spanish food basket, the supply chain by means of a Material Flow Analysis, as well as an economic and comprehensive nutritional assessment, all under a life cycle thinking approach. The results reveal that during the first weeks of the COVID-19 lockdown, there was no significant adjustment in overall FLW generation, but a partial reallocation from extra-domestic consumption to households occurred (12% increase in household FLW). Moreover, the economic impact (+11%), GHG emissions (+10%), and the nutritional content (-8%) complete the multivariable impact profile that the COVID-19 outbreak had on FLW generation and management. Accordingly, this study once again highlights that measures aimed at reducing FLW, particularly in the household sector, are critical to make better use of food surpluses and FLW prevention and control, allowing us to confront future unforeseen scenarios.

Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Refuse Disposal , Waste Management , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks , Food , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain