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1.
Hematol Oncol ; 2022 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2047581

ABSTRACT

A prospective multicentre experience of early administration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MA) with efficacy among patients with hematological malignancies and early-stage COVID- 19 was reported by Weinbergerová et al. The study validated the safety and efficacy of MA early use among hematological patients with newly diagnosed early-stage COVID-19 in terms of alleviating infection course and decreasing mortality. However no reference to new variant (Delta and Omicron) or other MA (e.g., Sotrovimab) has been reported. We reported our monocentric experience of 8 aggressive lymphoma patients with Omicron infection, 7 of whom treated with this MA in our Institution between December 2021 and February 2022. Among the patients treated with Sotrovimab nobody experienced neither SARS-CoV2 reactivation, nor other infectious events. One patients on active lymphoma treatment was hospitalized for pneumonia and treated with remdesivir. In 4/8 patients negativization of molecular swab occurred concomitantly to symptoms resolution with a median of 5.25 days, while the other 4 patients remained persistently positive with a median of 26.3 days. In this group, in order to maintain the chemo/chemoimmunotherapy (CT/CIT) dose-density, lymphoma treatment was reassumed independently on molecular swab analysis. SARS-CoV-2 negativization occurred with a median of 7.7 days after the resumption of CT/CIT. The one patient treated with remdesivir, although still positive to molecular swab, restarted R-COMP regimen at symptoms resolution too, but experienced an Omicron pneumonia exacerbation. This is the first case series reported in literature of patients affected by Omicron variant in which Sotrovimab seems to provide a resolution of COVID-19 disease, even in patient with molecular swab positive persistence too. Patients with aggressive lymphoma histologies should not be deprived of the best available treatment of their disease after sotrovimab administration, even in the presence of a still positive Omicron swab.

3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 852158, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924088

ABSTRACT

Hematologic patients show lower responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, but predictors of seroconversion are lacking. In this prospective cohort study, hematologic patients undergoing SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccination at a single center in Milan, Italy, were sampled for anti-Spike and anti-Nucleocapsid IgG titer at 5 ± 1 weeks and at 3 months from the second vaccine dose. Patients (N = 393) received either BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech, 48%) or MRNA-1273 (Moderna, 52%), and 284 (72%) seroconverted and 100% persisted at 3 months. Non-response was higher in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and lymphoma patients, and in those treated with small molecules and monoclonal antibodies. In myeloid neoplasms, lower responses were detected in patients with acute myeloid leukemia treated with venetoclax plus hypomethylating agents and in patients with myelofibrosis receiving ruxolitinib. Multivariable analysis showed that seroconversion was favorably associated with a diagnosis other than indolent lymphoma/CLL [OR 8.5 (95% CI 4.1-17.6)], lack of B-cell-depleting therapy [OR 3.15 (1.7-5.9)], and IgG levels within the normal range [OR 2.2 (1.2-4.2)]. We developed a simple algorithm according to these 3 risk factors [(A) diagnosis of indolent lymphoma/CLL, (B) B-cell-depleting treatment, and (C) low IgG] to predict non-response. IgG levels and treatment may be modifiable risk factors and should be considered for timing of vaccine administration.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Antibodies, Viral , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Seroconversion
4.
Radiol Med ; 127(2): 162-173, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1626023

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by the presence of signs of microvascular involvement at the CT scan, such as the vascular tree in bud (TIB) and the vascular enlargement pattern (VEP). Recent evidence suggests that TIB could be associated with an increased duration of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and intensive care unit (ICU) stay. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate whether microvascular involvement signs could have a prognostic significance concerning liberation from IMV. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All the COVID-19 patients requiring IMV admitted to 16 Italian ICUs and having a lung CT scan recorded within 3 days from intubation were enrolled in this secondary analysis. Radiologic, clinical and biochemical data were collected. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients affected by COVID-19 related ARDS were enrolled. After grouping based on TIB or VEP detection, we found no differences in terms of duration of IMV and mortality. Extension of VEP and TIB was significantly correlated with ground-glass opacities (GGOs) and crazy paving pattern extension. A parenchymal extent over 50% of GGO and crazy paving pattern was more frequently observed among non-survivors, while a VEP and TIB extent involving 3 or more lobes was significantly more frequent in non-responders to prone positioning. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of early CT scan signs of microvascular involvement in COVID-19 patients does not appear to be associated with differences in duration of IMV and mortality. However, patients with a high extension of VEP and TIB may have a reduced oxygenation response to prone positioning. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04411459.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/therapy , Microvessels/diagnostic imaging , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Aged , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Italy , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(2): e0054921, 2021 10 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1381170

ABSTRACT

In one year of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many studies have described the different metabolic changes occurring in COVID-19 patients, linking these alterations to the disease severity. However, a complete metabolic signature of the most severe cases, especially those with a fatal outcome, is still missing. Our study retrospectively analyzes the metabolome profiles of 75 COVID-19 patients with moderate and severe symptoms admitted to Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico (Lombardy Region, Italy) following SARS-CoV-2 infection between March and April 2020. Italy was the first Western country to experience COVID-19, and the Lombardy Region was the epicenter of the Italian COVID-19 pandemic. This cohort shows a higher mortality rate compared to others; therefore, it represents a unique opportunity to investigate the underlying metabolic profiles of the first COVID-19 patients in Italy and to identify the potential biomarkers related to the disease prognosis and fatal outcome. IMPORTANCE Understanding the metabolic alterations occurring during an infection is a key element for identifying potential indicators of the disease prognosis, which are fundamental for developing efficient diagnostic tools and offering the best therapeutic treatment to the patient. Here, exploiting high-throughput metabolomics data, we identified the first metabolic profile associated with a fatal outcome, not correlated with preexisting clinical conditions or the oxygen demand at the moment of diagnosis. Overall, our results contribute to a better understanding of COVID-19-related metabolic disruption and may represent a useful starting point for the identification of independent prognostic factors to be employed in therapeutic practice.


Subject(s)
Blood Chemical Analysis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/mortality , Energy Metabolism/physiology , Metabolome/physiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/blood , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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