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1.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(7): 1857-1864, 2022 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1786233

ABSTRACT

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea treated with home continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: Retrospective study of patients admitted for COVID-19. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea treated with home CPAP were identified and for each of them we selected 5 patients admitted consecutively in the following hours. The main outcome of the study was the development of severe COVID-19, defined as 1) death or 2) a composite outcome of death or the presence of severe hypoxemic respiratory failure at or during admission. The association between CPAP-treated obstructive sleep apnea and these outcomes was estimated by logistic regression analysis after applying inverse probability of treatment weighting using a propensity score-weighting approach. RESULTS: Of the 2,059 patients admitted, 81 (3.9%) were receiving treatment with home CPAP. Among the 486 patients included in the study, 19% died and 39% presented the composite outcome. The logistic regression analysis did not show an association of CPAP treatment either with death (odds ratio [OR]: 0.684; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.332-1.409; P = .303) or with the composite outcome (OR: 0.779; 95% CI: 0.418-1.452; P = .432). Death was associated with age (OR: 1.116; 95% CI: 1.08-1.152; P < .001) and number of comorbidities (OR: 1.318; 95% CI: 1.065-1.631; P = .012), and the composite outcome was associated with male sex (OR: 2.067; 95% CI: 1.19-3.589; P = .01) and number of comorbidities (OR: 1.241; 95% CI: 1.039-1.484; P = .018). CONCLUSIONS: In hospitalized patients with COVID-19, prior obstructive sleep apnea treated with home CPAP is not independently associated with worse outcomes. CITATION: Sampol J, Sáez M, Martí S, et al. Impact of home CPAP-treated obstructive sleep apnea on COVID-19 outcomes in hospitalized patients. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(7):1857-1864.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
2.
Breathe (Sheff) ; 17(2): 210057, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1286807

ABSTRACT

This article provides a brief description of the Early Career Member session and guidance on how to get the most out of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2021, to help attendees plan their Congress in advance. https://bit.ly/3dBNrYC.

4.
Am J Transplant ; 21(5): 1816-1824, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-885775

ABSTRACT

This study describes the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in lung transplant recipients (LTRs). This is a multicenter, retrospective study of all adult LTRs with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection from March 4 until April 28, 2020 in six Spanish reference hospitals for lung transplantation. Clinical and radiological data, treatment characteristics, and outcomes were reviewed. Forty-four cases were identified in that period. The median time from transplantation was 4.2 (interquartile range: 1.11-7.3) years. Chest radiography showed acute parenchymal abnormalities in 32 (73%) cases. Hydroxychloroquine was prescribed in 41 (93%), lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) in 14 (32%), and tocilizumab in 19 (43%) patients. There was a strong interaction between tacrolimus and LPV/r in all cases. Thirty-seven (84%) patients required some degree of respiratory support and/or oxygen therapy, and 13 (30%) were admitted to intermediate or intensive critical care units. Seventeen (39%) patients had died and 20 (45%) had been discharged at the time of the last follow-up. Deceased patients had a worse respiratory status and chest X-ray on admission and presented with higher D-dimer, interleukin-6, and lactate dehydrogenase levels. In this multicenter LTR cohort, SARS-CoV-2 presented with high mortality. Additionally, the severity of disease on presentation predicted subsequent mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Lung Transplantation , Transplant Recipients , Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/mortality , Drug Combinations , Drug Interactions , Humans , Lopinavir , Lung , Retrospective Studies , Ritonavir , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology , Tacrolimus
5.
Eur Respir Rev ; 29(157)2020 Sep 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-835811

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2. Consensus suggestions can standardise care, thereby improving outcomes and facilitating future research. METHODS: An International Task Force was composed and agreement regarding courses of action was measured using the Convergence of Opinion on Recommendations and Evidence (CORE) process. 70% agreement was necessary to make a consensus suggestion. RESULTS: The Task Force made consensus suggestions to treat patients with acute COVID-19 pneumonia with remdesivir and dexamethasone but suggested against hydroxychloroquine except in the context of a clinical trial; these are revisions of prior suggestions resulting from the interim publication of several randomised trials. It also suggested that COVID-19 patients with a venous thromboembolic event be treated with therapeutic anticoagulant therapy for 3 months. The Task Force was unable to reach sufficient agreement to yield consensus suggestions for the post-hospital care of COVID-19 survivors. The Task Force fell one vote shy of suggesting routine screening for depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. CONCLUSIONS: The Task Force addressed questions related to pharmacotherapy in patients with COVID-19 and the post-hospital care of survivors, yielding several consensus suggestions. Management options for which there is insufficient agreement to formulate a suggestion represent research priorities.


Subject(s)
Advisory Committees/organization & administration , Betacoronavirus , Consensus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , International Cooperation , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pulmonary Medicine/standards , Societies, Medical , COVID-19 , Europe , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
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