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Clin Transl Sci ; 15(6): 1380-1386, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1756345


A course on vaccine development asked students to write a blog addressing general anti-vaccination strategies and their significance today, in the context of the resistance seen against novel SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines. This perspective explores how and why these efforts are successful at reducing vaccine uptake and why, for the most part, efforts to combat the movement have been unsuccessful. This summary of the collective view of the class provides recommendations for combatting current and future campaigns of misinformation. It is hoped that this perspective will serve as a call to action for clinical pharmacologists and translational scientists to do their part to educate the lay community and promote the science in an open and transparent manner to ensure that current and future vaccines fulfill their potential.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Communication , Humans , Vaccination
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 87(9): 3462-3480, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1494604


AIM: Repurposing strategies to address the COVID-19 pandemic have been accelerated. As both pregnant and paediatric patients are likely to be excluded from most planned investigations, the list of repurposed options and the available data on these drugs and vaccines provide a baseline risk assessment and identify gaps for targeted investigation. METHODS: Clinical trials have been searched and reviewed; 23 repurposed drugs and drug combinations and nine candidate vaccines have been assessed regarding the availability of relevant data in paediatrics and pregnant women and to evaluate expected or unanticipated risk. RESULTS: Thirteen of the repurposed drugs or drug combinations are indicated for use in paediatrics in some age category albeit for indications other than COVID-19; 10 of these are indicated for use in pregnant women. Even in cases where these drugs are indicated in the populations, source data from which safety and or dosing could be extrapolated for use in COVID-19 is sparse. Vaccine trials are ongoing and generally exclude pregnant women; only in a few instances have paediatric subgroups been planned for enrolment. Data from individual case studies and RWD may suggest that subpopulations of both paediatric patients and pregnant women may be more at risk, particularly those in an increased inflammatory state. CONCLUSION: In conjunction with more prospective collaboration, plans are evolving to ensure that we will be better prepared to address similar situations especially in paediatrics and pregnant women where experience is limited and actual practice relies heavily on leveraging data from other populations and indications.

Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , COVID-19/drug therapy , Child , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug Combinations , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment