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1.
Asian Journal of University Education ; 17(3):281-290, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1994842

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the education sector locally and globally especially in teaching and learning delivery methods as most universities have adopted online platforms. The present situation is not only challenging but also tests the flexibility of the existing education system. With the help of technology, the existing traditional education system could be more flexible to enable more individuals from around the world to access education. The latest revolution in online education, micro-credential, is growing interest among public and private universities worldwide, including Malaysia. However, to date, little scholarly work is found related to micro-credentials in higher education. This conceptual paper presents an overview of micro-credential and the challenges and opportunities of offering micro-credential certification in the form of digital badges to the national and global market. Recommendations are made to multiple stakeholders (e.g., higher education providers, employers) to enhance the use of certifications for graduate employability. Ideas for further research are also presented. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

2.
VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1992566

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to look at the attitudes of the employees in terms of sharing knowledge during COVID-19 in an online environment and the various difficulties associated and to analyze knowledge sharing (KS) in a virtual office setting, using the conservation of resources theory. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative approach was used by conducting face-to-face interviews online through GoogleMeet, Skype and Zoom. A total of 34 interviews from 14 multinational companies (or their subsidiaries), in a supervisory role, were conducted for the study. A thematic analysis was conducted to analyze the responses. Findings: During a crisis, the tendency of employees to share knowledge at the individual, team and organizational level increases and is interlinked. The results of this study suggest that during the initial phases of lockdown, the creativity levels among employees were high;however, as the work from the office got postponed because of extended lockdowns, the creativity level of employees saw a dip. Furthermore, the findings of this study also highlighted that KS in remotely located teams was found to be dependent on the extent to which the team members knew each other, such that known teams were in a better position to share knowledge than a newly formed team with unknown or less known members. Research limitations/implications: This study has 34 respondents which is an acceptable number for a qualitative inquiry. However, the number of industries could be increased for generalization purposes. Responses were collected from a group of knowledge workers who were willing to correspond digitally, using social media channels of the authors, such as Linkedin. Responses collected personally could provide different results. Practical implications: This study provides insights into visible change in organizational processes. The conceptual model developed in this study has several implications which will help chief knowledge officers to understand why the various individual, team and organizational factors lead to KS, particularly with respect to COVID-19. Originality/value: This study has explored a contemporary phenomenon – KS during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, in an online environment. This study depicts the extant literature on knowledge management during a pandemic, thus bridging the scholarly gap. This study tried to bring in a broader perspective by selecting respondents across continents, domains and varied age groups. Fourth, most studies analyzing KS/knowledge hiding in the extant literature, especially during the pandemic, have followed a quantitative approach. This study followed a qualitative approach to gain insights into the KS of the firm and the thoughts and practicalities behind it. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

3.
Journal of Hepatology ; 77:S14, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1967492

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Approval of a drug therapy for NASH requires a very good safety/tolerability profile and acceptable therapeutic index. MAESTRO-NAFLD-1 (NCT04197479) is a randomized doubleblind (DB) Phase 3 clinical trial of placebo (PBO) versus resmetirom (RES), a once-a-day oral selective thyroid hormone receptor β agonist, in >1100 patients with NAFLD with safety as the primary end point. Method: Enrollment was Dec 2019 to Oct 2020 at 79 US sites. Requirements included 3 metabolic risk factors, fibroscan (FS) ≥5.5 kPa/CAP≥280 dBm, MRI-PDFF≥8%. Randomization was 1:1:1:1 to 3 DB arms, PBO, 80 or 100 mg RES (n = 972) or an 100 mg open label (OL) arm (n = 171). The primary objective was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of 80 or 100 mg RES versus PBO measured by the incidence of adverse events (AEs). Results: At baseline the DB safety population (n = 969) was age 55.9 (11.8);female, 54.4%, white 88.6%;hispanic 34.7%;BMI 35.3 (6.0) type 2 diabetes 49%, hypertension 76.1%, dyslipidemia 87.9%;FS 7.4 (4.7) kPa. Discontinuations (22.5%) did not differ by treatment, most patient decision (pandemic related). DB compliancewas impacted by COVID drug kit delays. AE withdrawals were 80 mg, 2.4%;100 mg, 2.8%;PBO, 1.3%. The primary objective was met. TEAEs were 80 mg, 88.4%;100 mg, 86.1%;PBO, 81.8%. TEAEs ≥grade 3 severity were 80 mg, 7.6%;100 mg, 9.0%;PBO, 9.1%. AEs in excess of PBOwere grade 1–2 AEs of diarrhea (80 mg, 23.5%;100 mg, 31.2%;PBO, 13.8%) and nausea (80 mg, 11.9%;100 mg, 18.2%;PBO, 7.9%), in the first few weeks. ALT increases ≥3XULN were 80 mg, 0.61%;100 mg, 0.31%;PBO,1.6%. Therewere no changes in bodyweight or HR. BP decreased by 2–3 mmHg in the RES arms. Key 2o end points were met (Table). Comparative mean reduction in FS VCTE was not significant;a responder analysis of FS and MRE showed significant reductions with RES treatment. Conclusion: RES achieved the primary safety end point in this 52- week Phase 3 NAFLD clinical trial that identified patients by metabolic risk and non-invasive imaging. Key 2o end points were met including LDL-C, ApoB, triglycerides, MRI-PDFF, FS (CAP).(Table Presented) 1MRE combined RES groups.

4.
4th International Conference on HCI for Cybersecurity, Privacy and Trust, HCI-CPT 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022 ; 13333 LNCS:492-501, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930312

ABSTRACT

Since early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has been significantly changing people’s daily lives as social activities are limited to slow down the spread of the novel coronavirus. New technologies, especially mobiles apps, have been widely applied to help with reducing the spread of the pandemic. However, although these apps bring many benefits, it also raises privacy issues given the amount of user information being collected and shared. The goal of this study is to understand individuals’ attitudes towards the privacy concerns on using COVID-19 apps, and their expectations on the privacy protections. By conducting the survey and collecting responses, results found that majority of the participants expressed privacy concerns on COVID-19 apps, and participants with different socioeconomic status may have different levels of willingness to use the app. Results from this study not only provide guidance for the government and app service providers on the implementation of appropriate safeguards, but also address on the needs of privacy protections for the vulnerable groups. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

5.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(5):303-305, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1918394

ABSTRACT

Since late December 2019, a novel coronavirus illness (COVID-19) outbreak has been detected in Wuhan, China, affecting 215 nations so far. Although respiratory symptoms are the most common symptom in COVID-19 patients, several extra pulmonary organ dysfunctions have also been observed. Previous investigations have found that individuals with COVID-19 had a high incidence of aberrant liver function parameters. The objective of current study will be to evaluate the effect of effects of covid-19 severity on liver function test and hypocalcaemia. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at Corona Isolation Wards of Sir Gaga Ram Hospital Lahore from April to June 2019. Total 110 RT PCR Positive Covid-19 patients were enrolled in current study by consecutive sampling technique. The Demographic details, Disease severity, Laboratory Findings of Liver Function Test (LFTs) and outcome of every patient was recorded from on a predesigned proforma. Data was analyzed using SPSS-26. ANOVA was applied to find out the difference between disease severity LFTs level. P-value less than 0.05 considered as significant. Results: The patients' average age was 30.03+15.03. The average length of stay in the hospital was 14.76+2.77 days. There was predominance of Male in current study male [M=60(54.5%) vs. F=50(45.5%)]. There are 48 (43.6%) patients with mild disease, 28 (25.5%) patients with moderate disease, and 34 (30.9%) patients with severe disease. Only 2(1.8%) patients died, while 102(92.7%) patients recovered. The most common symptom experience by patients was Fever, followed by Cough (32), Fatigue (29), Diarrhea (17), sore throat (18). A significant increase was observed in ALT, AST, ALP, Serum Bilirubin, Total Protein, Albumin and Globulin according to disease severity (p-value<0.05) Conclusions: The abnormal liver function test was shown to be more common in moderate to severe cases. The severity of COVID-19 has a major impact on the liver's functional outcome.

6.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(4):587-588, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1887476

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pakistan has high prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases, especially bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives: The main objective of the study is to find the impact of COVID-19 on chronic respiratory disease in Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital Lahore during January 2021 to July 2021. Before and after the COVID-19 period were defined by a predetermined set of criteria in the form of a questionnaire. Results: The data was collected from 314 respondents. According to the respondents, the survey also queried about the presence of respiratory comorbidities in patients who had tested positive for COVID 19. COPD was mentioned as a comorbidity by more than a third of those who responded, and several others, including bronchial asthma, ILD, and tuberculosis (TB), were also mentioned by many respondents. Conclusion: It is concluded that because of the lockout's efficacy and the widespread use of masks outside the facility, the air was probably rather clean. As a result, both the number of people visiting an asthma outpatient clinic and the number of people being admitted to the hospital with acute severe asthma dropped.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(4):592-593, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1870362

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Novel coronavirus disease or COVID-19, an acute respiratory illness caused by a newly discovered SARS-CoV-2 virus emerged in December 2019. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to find the epidemiology of sleeping disorders among doctors during COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore during June 2021 to December 2021. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. Among the topics covered in the survey were questions regarding the quality of one's night's sleep, where one keeps infection control supplies, how one copes with stress and depression, how one learns about COVID-19 on the internet, how one views risk, and other personal information. The survey was completed over the internet. Results: The data was collected from 200 patients. Over half (55.0 percent) were married and under the age of 35. (49.1%). The majority of respondents (57.8%) spend more than two hours a day on social media. The great majority of them came from the upper echelons of the workforce. There were 38.3%, 29.8%, and 29.1%, respectively, of those who reported a worse sleep quality following the onset of COVID-19, according to their weighted proportions. Conclusion: It is concluded that COVID-19 is widely spreading in Pakistani doctors. Mental health disorders and poor sleep quality are more widespread in the medical field because of the heightened danger of exposure during pandemic illnesses.

8.
J. Asian Financ. Econ. Bus. ; 9(3):65-76, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1791697

ABSTRACT

This study will examine the relationship between social support from the work and family domains, referred to as multiple social network ties (MSNT), and employees' job and family-related performance outcomes during the COVID-19 crisis. The study also demonstrates the importance of employees' work-family balance (WFB) in moderating the association between MSNT and job and family-related performance. A two-wave design was used to collect data from 320 managerial level personnel in Pakistan's textile sector. The path analysis technique of structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to analyze the responses. In times of crisis, social support mechanisms could potentially replace organizational support mechanisms for employees dealing with work and family obligations, according to the study. The findings of this study show that work-family balance is a significant partial mediator between MSNT and employees' job and familyrelated outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a best-fit model. This research supports the pragmatic view of MSNT's action mechanism in generating jobs for employees and family-related results, especially in uncertain situations. According to the findings, employees who have a positive work-life balance are happier and more productive in both work and personal life. It has major implications for human resource management (HRM) research and practice.

9.
Global Nest Journal ; 24(1):59-64, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1791354

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus (COVID-19) is a threat to public health and caused several social, environmental, and economic problems. During the lockdown in different countries, waste generation has been significantly increased due to the high consumption of packaged food and increase the order of food via online and takeaway. This paper aims to investigate the impact of COVID 19 lockdown on food consumption and the subsequent change in waste generation in Oman. A quantitative research methodology was applied for this study using an online survey during the COVID 19 lockdown. The survey collected information on demographic data, awareness and attitudes toward food purchase behaviour, household food expenditure, and waste generation. Results show that 57.6% of the respondents believed that their food purchasing during the lockdown was increased as compared to before the lockdown. The main reason for increasing the food purchasing was the change in consumers behaviour and cooking more in households during the lockdown. This increase led to the increase in waste generation. One of the main reasons for the increased waste generation during the lockdown was the fact that people have spent more time at home. It was found that food waste and plastic packages were the highest increase (72% and 55%, respectively). These two types of waste are followed by cans and glass bottles with an increase of 68%. Other types of waste such as medical waste, electrical and electronic waste, and paper waste have shown no significant change in waste generation during the lockdown. Overall, this study provides useful information to further promote household food waste prevention behaviour, outlasting the COVID-19 crisis. The results from this study can be used by waste management and municipal utilities on consumption behaviour during emergency situations. © 2022 Global NEST.

10.
5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics, ICMHI 2021 ; : 215-219, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1515347

ABSTRACT

As the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to be a global public health emergency, many individuals are facing mental health issues due to the many challenges that accompany this pandemic. Previous studies report that many people around the world are experiencing high levels of stress and therefore struggling to manage their emotions and mental well-being. While there are numerous different factors that influence how an individual may be dealing with the pandemic related stressors, one factor that does seem to influence their stress level is their coping mechanisms. In this study, we aim to understand people's perceived stress level during the COVID-19 pandemic, their coping mechanisms, and whether these constructs were influenced by their personality and other individual differences. To investigate these questions, we conducted an online survey in the summer of 2020 where study participants were asked to report on their mental well-being. Study results obtained from statistical models, including Pearson Correlation Test, Regression models, and Random Forest model, show that there is a significant difference between individuals' stress level and their coping mechanisms. In addition, we found that individuals' personality traits seem to influence their stress level as well as what type of coping mechanism they may be using during the pandemic. These findings can provide awareness to individuals as well as for public and mental health professionals who may be working or providing support to different populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2021 ACM.

11.
BJS Open ; 5(SUPPL 1):i22, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1493720

ABSTRACT

Background: Currently, we can only speculate on what the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have been on medical students and interim foundation year doctors. In order to support them appropriately both now and, in the future, it is imperative that we understand the impact it has had upon them. This study assessed the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical students and interim foundation year doctors across the United Kingdom (UK), and the support that they received and sought. Methods: A prospective, observational, multicentre study was conducted. All medical students and interim foundation year doctors were eligible to participate. The data analysis was carried out as detailed a priori in the protocol. Findings: A total of 2075 individuals participated in the SPICE-19 survey from 33 medical schools. There was a significant (p<0.0001) decrease in participants' mood when comparing their mood before the pandemic to during the pandemic. Social distancing and more time at home/with family were the factors that negatively and positively respectively impacted the mood of the greatest number of participants. All areas of life included in the survey were found to have been significantly more negatively impacted than positively impacted (p<0.0001). 931 participants wanted more support from their university. Participants were mainly seeking support with exam preparation, course material, and financial guidance. Discussion: Medical and foundation schools need to prepare adequate and effective support. If no action is taken, there may be a knock-on effect on workforce planning and the health of our future workforce. When medical students return to their universities, there is likely to be need for enhanced wellbeing support, adaptations in the short-term and long-term strategies for medical education, and provision of financial guidance.

12.
Benchmarking ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1447708

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The first research objective is to understand the role of digital [artificial intelligence (AI)] technologies on user engagement and conversion that has resulted in high online activities and increased online sales in current times in India. In addition, combined with changes such as social distancing and lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, digital disruption has largely impacted the old ways of communication both at the individual and organizational levels, ultimately resulting in prominent social change. While interacting in the virtual world, this change is more noticeable. Therefore, the second research objective is to examine if a satisfying experience during online shopping leads to repurchase intention. Design/methodology/approach: Using primary data collected from consumers in a developing economy (India), we tested the theoretical model to further extend the theoretical debate in consumer research. Findings: This study empirically tests and further establishes that deploying AI technologies have a positive relationship with user engagement and conversion. Further, conversion leads to satisfying user experience. Finally, the relationship between satisfying user experience and repurchase intention is also found to be significant. Originality/value: The uniqueness of this study is that it tests few key relationships related to user engagement during this uncertain period (COVID-19 pandemic) and examines the underlying mechanism which leads to increase in online sales. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

13.
Computing Conference, 2021 ; 283:1082-1096, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1366318

ABSTRACT

Recent innovations in mobile technologies are playing an important and vital role in combating the COVID-19 pandemic. While mobile apps’ functionality plays a crucial role in tackling the COVID-19 spread, it is also raising concerns about the associated privacy risks that users may face. Recent research studies have showed various technological measures on mobile applications that lack consideration of privacy risks in their data practices. For example, security vulnerabilities in COVID-19 apps can be exploited and therefore also pose privacy violations. In this paper, we focus on recent and newly developed COVID-19 apps and consider their threat landscape. Our objective was to identify security vulnerabilities that can lead to user-level privacy risks. We also formalize our approach by measuring the level of risk associated with assets and services that attackers may be targeting to capture during the exploitation. We utilized baseline risk assessment criteria within the scope of three specific security vulnerabilities that often exists in COVID-19 applications namely credential leaks, insecure communication, and HTTP request libraries. We present a proof of concept implementation for risk assessment of COVID-19 apps that can be utilized to evaluate privacy risk by the impact of assets and threat likelihood. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

14.
Computing Conference, 2021 ; 283:612-625, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1366317

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has been spreading across the world starting from early 2020, and there are numerous and varied discussions on social media platforms related to the COVID-19 outbreak. In this study, we analyzed and compared the data on Twitter and Weibo at different times based on the public’s understanding of COVID-19 to ultimately understand the characteristics of social media reaction in U.S. and in China during the pandemic. Results show that both similarities and differences existed when comparing the public reaction on social media in the U.S. and in China. The study suggests that data from social media could be used as a good reflection of the public’s reaction, especially in a pandemic like COVID-19. It is important for the government to understand people’s timely reaction during the pandemic in order to ensure the authorities are on the right direction to provide services and accurate information to the public. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

15.
Global Knowledge Memory and Communication ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print):17, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1337312

ABSTRACT

Purpose - In the COVID-19 pandemic, students were subjected to high pressure when they were forced to move to distance learning in a lockdown environment. Such a drastic move for communities living in groups with solid relationship ties comes at a price. This study aims to investigate the acceptance of distance learning amongst Omani higher education institutions (HEI) students during COVID-19 lockdown. Design/methodology/approach - This is a quantitative research based on an online survey designed to study participants' acceptance of distance learning during COVID-19 lockdown. Findings - A sample of 757 Omani students was selected, of which 81.2% were female. About 60% of the students' Age lies 15-20 years. The highest percentage (38.8%) of students belongs to the College of Arts and Humanities. A total of 80% of the students reported a moderate level of information technology skills, and also more than 80% of the students had never attended eLearning calls. Most of the students affirm the eLearning acceptance (students' willingness to use eLearning tools for the tasks they are designed for), eLearning usefulness (using eLearning would enhance students' performance), eLearning ease of use (the degree to which a student believes that using eLearning tools are free from effort), learning from home during COVID-19 and eLearning effectiveness (student's satisfaction and the benefits student will gain from learning via online platforms). Multiple regression analysis confirms that more than 81% of the variation in the eLearning acceptance was explained by eLearning usefulness, eLearning ease of use, learning from home during COVID-19 and eLearning effectiveness independent variables. Moreover, these independent predictors have a positive association with eLearning acceptance. Originality/value - This research intends to fill the gap in Omani HEI students' acceptance of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
Foresight ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1327431

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the accuracy of combined models with the individual models in terms of forecasting Euro against US dollar during COVID-19 era. During COVID, the euro shows sharp fluctuation in upward and downward trend;therefore, this study is keen to find out the best-fitted model which forecasts more accurately during the pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: The descriptive design has been adopted in this research. The three univariate models, i.e. autoregressive integrated moving averages (ARIMA), Naïve, exponential smoothing (ES) model, and one multivariate model, i.e. nonlinear autoregressive distributive lags (NARDL), are selected to forecast the exchange rate of Euro against the US dollar during the COVID. The above models are combined via equal weights and var-cor methods to find out the accuracy of forecasting as Poon and Granger (2003) showed that combined models can forecast better than individual models. Findings: NARDL outperforms all remaining individual models, i.e. ARIMA, Naïve and ES. By applying a combination of different models via different techniques, the combination of NARDL and Naïve models outperforms all combination of models by scoring the least mean absolute percentage error value, i.e. 1.588. The combined forecasting of NARDL and Naïve techniques under var-cor method also outperforms the forecasting accuracy of individual models other than NARDL. It means the euro exchange rate against the US dollar which is dependent upon the macroeconomic fundamentals and recent observations of the time series. Practical implications: The findings could help the FOREX market, hedgers, traders, businessmen, policymakers, economists, financial managers, etc., to minimize the risk indulged in global trade. It also helps to produce more accurate results in different financial models, i.e. capital asset pricing model and arbitrage pricing theory, because their findings may not be useful if exchange rate fluctuations do not trace effectively. Originality/value: The NARDL models have been applied previously in different time series and only limited to the asymmetric or symmetric relationships. This study is using it for the forecasting exchange rate which is almost abandoned in earlier literature. Furthermore, this study combined the NARDL with univariate models to produce the accuracy which itself is a novelty. Moreover, the findings help to enhance the effectiveness of different financial theories as well. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

18.
JCPSP, Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ; 30(Special Supplement):S115-S117, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1264775

ABSTRACT

The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected more than 6 million people globally;and changed the dynamics of the entire world. In March 2020, novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Pakistan, the first case of COVID-19 was reported on 26th February, 2020. The virus is highly contagious and spreads mainly by aerosols. Its major symptoms include sore throat, cough, high-grade fever, anosmia, etc. Like other countries, it has also affected all fields of life in Pakistan, but its impact on dental education and dentistry has been particularly devastating. Dental institutes are at particularly high risk for infection transmission through their aerosol-generating dental procedures. In the scenario of a lockdown, dental students are suffering a lot and the dental colleges and faculties must try their best to overcome this situation. This article aims to review the challenges faced by dental community to carryout teaching and training in dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(4): 464-469, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1183968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge, perceptions, and attitude of young doctors and nurses at Kind Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) Jeddah, KSA, regarding the effectiveness of telemedicine in dealing with the patients for either follow-up or continuous monitoring of chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on the young doctors and nursing staff at KAUH. An online questionnaire addressing all the required fields, i.e., background essential demography, perceptions, acceptance, and knowledge regarding telemedicine's utility, was sent to the targeted population of health care workers. Completed responses were analyzed statistically as per study objectives. RESULTS: The response rate in our study was 85%. A total of 335 participants responded to our questionnaire. One hundred seventy-one (51.1%) were doctors, whereas one hundred sixty-four (48.9%) were the nursing staff. Among doctors, 50 (29.4%) were recent graduates, whereas, in the nursing side, 77 (46.7%) were the senior nursing students. The knowledge and attitude of the young nursing staff were relatively better than the senior staff taking part in the study and the trends were found statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Our study participants, being young, were enthusiastic, had good knowledge regarding the advantages and limitations of telemedicine in managing the selected groups of patients. Their perception and attitude were quite positive. This is an encouraging trend in the promotion of telemedicine as an established way of managing patients with special requirements in an effective way. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of telemedicine in emergencies to protect both patients and health care workers by reducing chronic patients' avoidable hospital visits.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nursing Staff , Telemedicine , Attitude of Health Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Pandemics , Perception , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
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