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Pacific Business Review International ; 14(2):54-60, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1535537


Purpose: Behavioral finance explains the market anomalies and how the psychology of investors affects their investment decisions. Amidst the Coronavirus crisis, it becomes very important to understand the psyche of retail investors in India, how would they react to the market ups and downs, assessing their risk profile, and what sources of information they consider reliable while making investment decisions. Design/Methodology: A primary research was done, and a sample of 64 retail investors was collected using a structured questionnaire. Analysis was done using SPSS 21 and Microsoft Excel Findings: The results showed that investors are risk-averse and very cautious of where and how much they invest. In the two events when the market reached its lowest on 25th March 2020 and highest on 21st January 2021, the mind of investors was stable as they had somewhat anticipated the events and they did not engage in mindless selling or buying of stocks. Managerial Implications: Studying the psyche of retail investors is very important and can help the stock broking firms to come out with customized and safe products for investors. Scope for Future Work: The impact of Covid-19 on retail investors and stock market can also be studied using secondary data. This would validate the findings of primary data. Limitations: The main difficulty faced during the research was to collect the sample of only retail investors and the spread of coronavirus made it a little difficult to reach out to people

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 31:286-287, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-984983


Introduction: Collapsing FSGS (cFSGS) is associated with viral infections including HIV, parvovirus B19 and CMV. Recent reports describe cFSGS in patients infected with coronavirus (COVID-19). While reports on idiopathic cFSGS suggest early institution of steroids improves renal outcomes, there are little data to guide treatment of cFSGS associated with infection. We present a case of AKI with severe abrupt nephrotic syndrome in a COVID-19 patient with cFSGS on biopsy and a rapid response to steroids. Case Description: A 51 y/o black woman with no known medical history presented with 8 days of fever and SOB. COVID-19 testing was positive. Admission serum creatinine (sCr) was 3.2 mg/dL with an albumin of 2.6 g/dL. A urinalysis showed moderate blood and 3+ protein on dipstick along with granular casts. A urine albumin:Cr (UAC) ratio was 0.19 g/g. Despite volume resuscitation, her sCr continued to rise. Workup included negative HIV, hepatitis panel, and parvovirus B19. ANA, ANCA, anti-dsDNA, C3, and C4 were neg/nl. On day 5, she was afebrile with resolution of her symptoms, but sCr was further elevated at 5.3 mg/dL and albumin was 1.1 g/dL. Repeat UAC ratio was elevated over lab measurable range. A biopsy showed cFSGS and ATN. She was started on 60mg of prednisone/day. Two weeks later, her sCr was 2.9 mg/dL, albumin 2.4 g/dL and her UAC ratio was 3.0 g/g (Fig 1). Discussion: The optimal treatment for viral related cFSGS is unknown. Because diffuse foot process effacement typically accompanies this lesion, it is tempting to give steroids. However, there is concern that this may exacerbate the infection, and cFSGS may improve along with clearance of the virus. Still, steroids may hasten recovery and reduce morbidity associated with the nephrotic syndrome. The rapid improvement inproteinuria despite an increase in GFR suggests that steroids played a role in the recovery. A randomized trial would be necessary.