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J Neuroimaging ; 2022 Jan 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1626571


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose is to provide a comprehensive report describing the clinical and imaging features of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related acute invasive fungal sinusitis (AIFS) and associated comorbidities. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 25 patients (12 males and 13 females, mean age of 53.9±9.1 years). All patients had positive polymerase chain reaction test for COVID-19 and histopathological proof of AIFS. Patients underwent computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance examinations to assess sinonasal, orbital, and cranial spread. RESULTS: The most prevalent comorbidity among the study cohort was diabetes mellitus (DM). Twenty-one patients (84%) were diagnosed in the post-COVID-19 period after hospital discharge, with a mean interval of 19.1±9.2 days. Steroid treatment was given to 19 patients (76%). Orbital manifestations were the presenting symptoms in all patients, followed by facial edema, nasal discharge, and neurological symptoms. Sinonasal involvement ranged from mucosal thickening to complete sinus opacification by a predominant isodensity on CT, low T1, and high T2 signal intensity with variable enhancement patterns. Twenty-four patients had a unilateral orbital extension, and 12 patients showed signs of intracranial extension. Bone involvement was detected in 16 patients (64%). Follow-up scans in 18 patients (72%) showed rapid progression of the disease. Eight patients (32%) died, six from neurological complications and two from severe respiratory failure. CONCLUSION: Steroids, DM, and severe COVID-19 are the major risk factors of AIFS in the post-COVID-19 era. Imaging scans in all patients revealed different sinonasal, facial, orbital features, and intracranial involvement with rapid progression of the findings on follow-up scans.

Emerg Radiol ; 29(1): 9-21, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525544


PURPOSE: To correlate thromboembolic (TE) complications secondary to COVID-19 with the extent of the pulmonary parenchymal disease using CT severity scores and other comorbidities. METHODS: In total, 185 patients with COVID-19 and suspected thromboembolic complications were classified into two groups based on the presence or absence of thromboembolic complications. Thromboembolic complications were categorized based on location. Chest CT severity scoring system was used to assess the pulmonary parenchymal disease severity in all patients. Based into severity scores, patients were categorized into three groups (mild, moderate, and sever disease). RESULTS: The final study cohort consisted of 171 patients (99 male and 72 female) after excluding 14 patients with non-diagnostic CT pulmonary angiography. The TE group included 53 patients with a mean age of 55.1 ± 7.1, while the non-TE group included 118 patients with a mean age of 52.9 ± 10.8. Patients with BMI > 30 kg/m2 or having a history of smoking and HTN were found more frequently in the TE group (p < 0.05). Patients admitted to ICU were significantly higher in the TE group (p < 0.001). There was statistically significant difference (p = 0.002) in chest CT-SS between the TE group (22.8 ± 11.4) and non-TE group (17.6 ± 10.7). The percentage of severe parenchymal disease in the TE group was significantly higher compared to the non-TE group (p < 0.05). Severe parenchymal disease, BMI > 30 kg/m2, smoking, and HTN had a higher and more significant odds ratio for developing TE complications. CONCLUSION: The present data suggest that severe pulmonary parenchymal disease secondary to COVID-19 is associated with a higher incidence of thromboembolic complications.

COVID-19 , Lung Diseases , Adult , Female , Humans , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
Insights Imaging ; 12(1): 12, 2021 Feb 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1060960


COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is a recently emerged pulmonary infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). It started in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and led to a highly contagious disease. Since then COVID-19 continues to spread, causing exponential morbidity and mortality and threatening economies worldwide. While the primary diagnostic test for COVID-19 is the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, chest CT has proven to be a diagnostic tool of high sensitivity. A variety of conditions demonstrates CT features that are difficult to differentiate from COVID-19 rendering CT to be of low specificity. Radiologists and physicians should be aware of imaging patterns of these conditions to prevent an erroneous diagnosis that could adversely influence management and patients' outcome. Our purpose is to provide a practical review of the conditions that mimic COVID-19. A brief description of the forementioned clinical conditions with their CT features will be included.