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J Pain ; 23(11): 1923-1932, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1956236


Pain is a common symptom reported in COVID-19 patients. Impaired endogenous pain-modulatory mechanisms such as conditioned pain modulation (CPM), and exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) have been found in chronic pain conditions but is often overlooked in acute conditions that evoke painful symptoms, such as COVID-19. The purpose was to compare pressure-pain sensitivity, CPM, and EIH function among individuals who previously had COVID-19, both symptomatically and asymptomatically, and a healthy control group. Pressure pain thresholds of 59 participants were assessed in the forearm and leg using a pressure algometer before and after 1) submersion of their dominant foot in cold water (2°C) for 1min; and 2) isometric knee extension performed to task-failure at 25% of their maximal contraction. The CPM response was attenuated in individuals who were infected with symptomatic COVID-19 (N = 26) compared to asymptomatic COVID-19 (N = 13) in arm (-1.0% ± 20.3 vs 33.3% ± 26.2; P < .001) and leg (12.8% ± 22.0 vs 33.8% ± 28.2; P = .014) and compared to controls (N = 20) in arm only (-1.0% ± 26.2 vs 23.4% ± 28.2; P = .004). The EIH response was not different between groups. CPM was impaired in individuals who had symptomatic COVID-19, which may have long-term implications on pain modulation. PERSPECTIVE: This study reveals that CPM was impaired in individuals who had symptomatic COVID-19 during the first wave of COVID-19, pre vaccine. These findings present a preliminary motive to study the long-term implications of COVID-19 and its effects on pain modulation.

COVID-19 , Chronic Pain , Humans , Young Adult , Isometric Contraction/physiology , COVID-19/complications , Exercise/physiology , Pain Threshold/physiology , Chronic Disease
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 17(10)2020 05 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-343253


COVID-19 is a highly infectious respiratory disease which leads to several clinical conditions related to the dysfunction of the respiratory system along with other physical and psychological complaints. Severely affected patients are referred to intensive care units (ICUs), limiting their possibilities for physical exercise. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise is a non-invasive, physical therapy, that has been suggested as part of the procedures involved with pulmonary rehabilitation, even in ICU settings. Therefore, in the current review, the World Association of Vibration Exercise Experts (WAVEX) reviewed the potential of WBV exercise as a useful and safe intervention for the management of infected individuals with COVID-19 by mitigating the inactivity-related declines in physical condition and reducing the time in ICU. Recommendations regarding the reduction of fatigue and the risk of dyspnea, the improvement of the inflammatory and redox status favoring cellular homeostasis and the overall improvement in the quality of life are provided. Finally, practical applications for the use of this paradigm leading to a better prognosis in bed bound and ICU-bound subjects is proposed.

Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Vibration , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Exercise , Fatigue , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2