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Journal of Cystic Fibrosis ; 21(Supplement 2):S165-S166, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2318991


Background: The benefits of physical training on exercise capacity, pulmonary functioning, and health-related quality of life for people with cystic fibrosis (CF) is well documented [1], meaning it is currently considered part of standard CF care to encourage a physically active lifestyle [2,3]. COVID-19 limited opportunities for people with CF to undergo structured exercise programs in the hospital, gym, or leisure center. To address this, we launched three progressive on-demand exercise programs on Beam (a specialist online exercise, education and wellbeing platform for the CF community, aimed at varying disease severity and baseline fitness levels. Each 12-session program was curated by a CF physiotherapist and designed to build strength and cardiovascular fitness, improve CF symptom management, and increase confidence to exercise. Participants were offered remote coaching to support completion of the program, including email and text support, and joint workouts. Here,we look at the impact of this program on self-reported measures of health and exercise perceptions. Method(s): Adults with CFwere invited via social media to participate in one of three Getting Started exercise programs on Beam. Participants selfselected the program that was most suited to them based on their disease severity and current fitness levels, as outlined in Table 1. Participants were asked to complete pre- and post-program surveys evaluating their general health, emotional wellbeing, appetite, sleep, motivation, enjoyment, confidence, and time and limitations to exercise on a five-point scale. Result(s): Between November 2021 and March 2022, of 71 people signed up for a Getting Started program, 36 completed a minimum of one class, and 16 completed the entire 12-sessions in a program. Of the 16 who(Table Presented) Audience and aims of the three Beam programs completed a program, 75% felt more motivated, 68% felt fitter, 75% felt stronger, and 65.5% were happier. All said their enjoyment of exercise was the same or more than before (37.5% saying they enjoyed it more), and 43.7% said they became more confident. No adverse events were reported. Conclusion(s): This work suggests that CF-specific online exercise programs have the potential to increase strength and cardiovascular fitness levels as well as motivation, confidence, and enjoyment to exercise in adults with CF, although these outcomes were self-reported, and a research trial to evaluate impact on clinical outcome measures is warranted. Additionally, further research and service development is required to improve the programs and increase activation and completion of the exercise programs with greater consideration of behavior change interventions.Copyright © 2022, European Cystic Fibrosis Society. All rights reserved

Scientific Papers Series B, Horticulture ; 66(1):397-408, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2111874


Intercropping is considered to be a fundamental tool for ensuring agricultural sustainability and productivity, a matter of major importance in the specific context of the last decades and, mainly, the last two years. Within European agriculture, conventional advantages of intercropping system following laborious experiments were disregarded by farmers because of the justified goal of maximizig profits using affordable pesticides on the market. This determines farmers to focus on increasing the size of their farms, replacing manual labor with a mechanized one, resulting a technological specialization of a few crops at the expense of biodiversity. However, nowadays, following the Covid-19 pandemic and the entire chain of effects it generated, agriculture was directly affected due to the limitation of worldwide transport amplitude and the scarcity of products and raw materials that arose, the price for some of them becoming trully prohibitive (to be seen the case of chemical fertilizers at the end of year 2021). The present paper aims to highligh some paramount matters of using intercropping systems in vegetable crop practice, regarding the perspective of soil, environment, ecosystem biodiversity and economical sustainability.