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Nurs Res ; 70(3): 215-221, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1199586

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Methodological guidelines are required to ensure both the rigor and feasibility of just-in-time, qualitative research addressing the human experience and response to the COVID-19 pandemic and major public health crises. OBJECTIVES: This article presents methodological guidelines for just-in-time qualitative research based on our current, pandemic-relevant research. METHODS: The processes followed while conducting two longitudinal, online qualitative studies addressing the lived experience and response to the COVID-19 pandemic were analyzed. Methodological challenges faced were then identified, and specific design and implementation guidelines were developed. The ways in which these guidelines can be applied to conduct just-in-time research during the COVID-19 pandemic and future public health crises were further delineated using examples from our pandemic-relevant research. RESULTS: Six guidelines were identified: (a) capitalize on fast track review and reporting processes; (b) prioritize accessibility during sample specification and selection; (c) optimize recruitment and retention strategies; (d) maximize current and future data use through strategic research design; (e) tailor data collection to participants' characteristics, preferences, and priorities; and (f) incorporate timeline mapping of personal and contemporaneous phenomena. DISCUSSION: Public health measures taken to slow disease spread during the current COVID-19 pandemic and future public health crises may slow the pace of research and make its implementation all the more challenging. However, just-in-time qualitative research advances our understanding of the human experience and response to the COVID-19 and major public health crises. It also complements existing behavioral theory and research. The guidelines presented may assist researchers to initiate necessary qualitative research more rapidly, with fewer logistic challenges, and with methodological rigor. They may also help expand research on groups experiencing collateral effects of the pandemic and major public health crisis. Lastly, the guidelines may support the development of more robust data for alternate analysis at a later date.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guidelines as Topic , Qualitative Research , Research Design , Humans
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