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Telemed J E Health ; 28(8): 1225-1232, 2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1577488

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Older people living in nursing homes (NH) are at a higher risk of preventable drug-related adverse events because of age-related physiological changes, polypathology, and polypharmacy. NH residents are particularly exposed to potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). Many strategies have been developed to improve the quality and the safety of drug prescription in NH, including medication reviews (MRs). Methods: In the context of the application of telemedicine, we developed and are currently implementing a novel hospital expert-based MRs through tele-expertise (or "telemedication review," telemedication reviews hereafter [TMR]) in French NH residents. The impact of these TMR on unplanned hospitalizations 3 months after implementation is assessed. TMR consider all available sociodemographic, clinical, biological, and pharmaceutical data pertaining to the patient and are performed in accordance with their health care objectives. Results: The preliminary results for the 39 TMRs performed to date (September 2021) showed that a total of 402 PIMs were detected, and all residents had at least one PIM. We also present the feasibility and the usefulness of this novel TMR for NH, illustrating these preliminary results with two concrete TMR experiences. Among the 39 TMR performed, the average acceptance rate of expert recommendations made to general practitioners (GP) working in NH was ∼33%. Discussion and Conclusions: The success of this novel TMR depends on how the proposed prescription adjustments made by the hospital expert team are subsequently integrated into health care practices. The low acceptance rate by GP highlights the need to actively involve these professionals in the process of developing TMR, with a view to encouraging them to act on proposed adjustments.


Subject(s)
General Practitioners , Telemedicine , Aged , Drug Prescriptions , Humans , Inappropriate Prescribing/prevention & control , Nursing Homes , Polypharmacy
2.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 22(8): 1581-1587.e3, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1284175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and management of residents in French nursing homes with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to determine the risk factors for COVID-19-related hospitalization and death in this population. DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred eighty nursing home residents with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 between March 1 and May 20, 2020, were enrolled and followed until June 2, 2020, in 15 nursing homes in Marseille's greater metropolitan area. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment type, and clinical outcome data were collected from patients' medical records. Multivariable analysis was used to determine factors associated with COVID-19-related hospitalization and death. For the former, the competing risk analysis-based on Fine and Gray's model-took death into account. RESULTS: A total of 480 residents were included. Median age was 88 years (IQR 80-93), and 330 residents were women. A total of 371 residents were symptomatic (77.3%), the most common symptoms being asthenia (47.9%), fever or hypothermia (48.1%), and dyspnea (35.6%). One hundred twenty-three patients (25.6%) were hospitalized and 96 (20%) died. Male gender [specific hazard ratio (sHR) 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-2.35], diabetes (sHR 1.69, 95% CI 1.15-2.50), an altered level of consciousness (sHR 2.36, 95% CI 1.40-3.98), and dyspnea (sHR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09-2.62) were all associated with a greater risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization. Male gender [odds ratio (OR) 6.63, 95% CI 1.04-42.39], thermal dysregulation (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.60-4.38), falls (2.21 95% CI 1.02-4.75), and being aged >85 years (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.32-4.24) were all associated with increased COVID-19-related mortality risk, whereas polymedication (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.27-0.77) and preventive anticoagulation (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.27-0.79) were protective prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Male gender, being aged >85 years old, diabetes, dyspnea, thermal dysregulation, an altered level of consciousness, and falls must all be considered when identifying and protecting nursing home residents who are at greatest risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization and death.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged, 80 and over , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Nursing Homes , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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