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1.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 22(8): 1581-1587.e3, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1284175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and management of residents in French nursing homes with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to determine the risk factors for COVID-19-related hospitalization and death in this population. DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred eighty nursing home residents with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 between March 1 and May 20, 2020, were enrolled and followed until June 2, 2020, in 15 nursing homes in Marseille's greater metropolitan area. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment type, and clinical outcome data were collected from patients' medical records. Multivariable analysis was used to determine factors associated with COVID-19-related hospitalization and death. For the former, the competing risk analysis-based on Fine and Gray's model-took death into account. RESULTS: A total of 480 residents were included. Median age was 88 years (IQR 80-93), and 330 residents were women. A total of 371 residents were symptomatic (77.3%), the most common symptoms being asthenia (47.9%), fever or hypothermia (48.1%), and dyspnea (35.6%). One hundred twenty-three patients (25.6%) were hospitalized and 96 (20%) died. Male gender [specific hazard ratio (sHR) 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-2.35], diabetes (sHR 1.69, 95% CI 1.15-2.50), an altered level of consciousness (sHR 2.36, 95% CI 1.40-3.98), and dyspnea (sHR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09-2.62) were all associated with a greater risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization. Male gender [odds ratio (OR) 6.63, 95% CI 1.04-42.39], thermal dysregulation (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.60-4.38), falls (2.21 95% CI 1.02-4.75), and being aged >85 years (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.32-4.24) were all associated with increased COVID-19-related mortality risk, whereas polymedication (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.27-0.77) and preventive anticoagulation (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.27-0.79) were protective prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Male gender, being aged >85 years old, diabetes, dyspnea, thermal dysregulation, an altered level of consciousness, and falls must all be considered when identifying and protecting nursing home residents who are at greatest risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization and death.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged, 80 and over , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Nursing Homes , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 6247-6257, 2021 03 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1154951

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are known to be successful agers compared to other older adults. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare coronavirus disease (COVID-19) symptoms and outcomes in centenarians and other residents living in nursing homes. Design-Setting-Subjects-Methods: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted using data from 15 nursing homes in the Marseille area. Older residents with confirmed COVID-19 between March and June 2020 were enrolled. The clinical and biological characteristics, the treatment measures, and the outcomes in residents living in these nursing homes were collected from the medical records. RESULTS: A total of 321 residents were diagnosed with COVID-19 including 12 centenarians. The median age was 101 years in centenarians and 89 years in other residents. The most common symptoms were asthenia and fever. Three centenarians (25%) experienced a worsening of pre-existing depression (vs. 5.5% of younger residents; p = 0.032). Mortality was significantly higher in centenarians than in younger residents (50% vs. 21.3%, respectively; p = 0.031). A quarter of the younger residents and only one centenarian were hospitalized. However, 33.3% of the centenarians received treatment within the context of home hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Worsening of pre-existing depression seems to be more frequent in centenarians with COVID-19 in nursing homes. This population had a higher mortality rate but a lower hospitalization rate than younger residents.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , Comorbidity , Depression/epidemiology , Female , France/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Nursing Homes , Pandemics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
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