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1.
Curr Pulmonol Rep ; 11(2): 39-47, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1827287

ABSTRACT

Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to discuss the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pulmonary procedures, including new guidelines, restrictions, techniques, and overall effect on patient care. Recent Findings: SARS-CoV-2 predominately impacts the pulmonary system and can result in a severe lower respiratory tract infection. Early guidelines based largely on data from the SARS epidemic recommended significant restrictions on procedure volume out of concern for healthcare worker safety. Newer data suggests relative safety in performing airway and pleural procedures as long as appropriate precautions are followed and new techniques are utilized. The introduction of effective vaccines and more reliable testing has led to a re-expansion of elective procedures. Summary: Many guidelines and expert statements exist for the management and practice of pulmonary procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. A flexible and individualized approach may be necessary as our understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve.

2.
Crit Care Explor ; 2(5): e0134, 2020 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-646753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of modified protocol during percutaneous tracheostomy in coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic era. DESIGN: A retrospective review of cohort who underwent percutaneous tracheostomy with modified protocol. SETTINGS: Medical, surgical, and neurologic ICUs. SUBJECTS: Patients admitted in medical, surgical, and neurologic units with prolonged need of mechanical ventilation or inability to liberate from the ventilator. INTERVENTIONS: A detailed protocol was written. Steps were defined to be performed before apnea and during apnea. A feasibility study of 28 patients was conducted. The key aerosol-generating portions of the procedure were performed with the ventilator switched to standby mode with the patient apneic. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Data including patient demographics, primary diagnosis, age, body mass index, and duration of apnea time during the tracheostomy were collected. Average ventilator standby time (apnea) during the procedure was 238 seconds (3.96 min) with range 149 seconds (2.48 min) to 340 seconds (5.66 min). Single-use (disposable) bronchoscopes (Ambu A/S [Ballerup, Denmark] or Glidescope [Verathon, Inc., Bothell, WA]) were used during all procedures except in nine. No desaturation events occurred during any procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous tracheostomy performed with apnea protocol may help minimize aerosolization, reducing risk of exposure of coronavirus disease 2019 to staff. It can be safely performed with portable bronchoscopes to limit staff and minimize the surfaces requiring disinfection post procedure.

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