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Physiotherapy ; 118: 12-19, 2022 Sep 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2230691


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceived barriers and enablers experienced by physiotherapists whilst delivering community and outpatient services during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Qualitative study undertaken at a University-affiliated hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Physiotherapists working in the outpatient setting participated in a semi-structured interview. Interviews were analysed using Framework Analysis, with themes mapped to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). RESULTS: From 19 interviews, we identified major themes and mapped these to the TDF domains: 1. The pandemic rapidly closed the knowledge-practice gap; 2. Adaptation of existing skills and integration of new skills were required; 3. Supportive senior leadership helped the transition; 4. Capabilities and confidence improved with time; 5. Environmental factors were crucial to success or failure of telehealth; 6. Access to and delivery of care improved for some; 7. Identification of appropriate patients and future hybrid models of care; 8. Changes in work practices, role certainty and identity; 9. Development of educational resources consolidated knowledge; 10. Socialisation of telehealth and optimism for the future. Within each domain, key barriers and enablers were also identified. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that the delivery of community and outpatient physiotherapy via telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic was an initial challenge. Growing knowledge, confidence and ability to problem solve barriers enabled physiotherapists to move along the continuum of 'fear' to 'triumph' as the pandemic progressed. These results can be used by clinicians, managers, and academics to guide future workforce planning, hospital environmental design, and service delivery. CLINICAL MESSAGE.

BMJ Open ; 11(7): e048395, 2021 07 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1327672


INTRODUCTION: One in three people aged 65 years and over fall each year. The health, economic and personal impact of falls will grow substantially in the coming years due to population ageing. Developing and implementing cost-effective strategies to prevent falls and mobility problems among older people is therefore an urgent public health challenge. StandingTall is a low-cost, unsupervised, home-based balance exercise programme delivered through a computer or tablet. StandingTall has a simple user-interface that incorporates physical and behavioural elements designed to promote compliance. A large randomised controlled trial in 503 community-dwelling older people has shown that StandingTall is safe, has high adherence rates and is effective in improving balance and reducing falls. The current project targets a major need for older people and will address the final steps needed to scale this innovative technology for widespread use by older people across Australia and internationally. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This project will endeavour to recruit 300 participants across three sites in Australia and 100 participants in the UK. The aim of the study is to evaluate the implementation of StandingTall into the community and health service settings in Australia and the UK. The nested process evaluation will use both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore uptake and acceptability of the StandingTall programme and associated resources. The primary outcome is participant adherence to the StandingTall programme over 6 months. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained from the South East Sydney Local Health District Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC reference 18/288) in Australia and the North West- Greater Manchester South Research Ethics Committee (IRAS ID: 268954) in the UK. Dissemination will be via publications, conferences, newsletter articles, social media, talks to clinicians and consumers and meetings with health departments/managers. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ACTRN12619001329156.

Exercise Therapy , Independent Living , Aged , Australia , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e038204, 2020 11 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1148165


INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is one of the leading complications and causes of death after a spinal cord injury (SCI). After a cervical or thoracic lesion, impairment of the respiratory muscles decreases respiratory function, which increases the risk of respiratory complications. Pneumonia substantially reduces patient's quality of life, may prolong inpatient rehabilitation time, increase healthcare costs or at worse, lead to early death. Respiratory function and coughing can be improved through various interventions after SCI, but the available evidence as to which aspect of respiratory care should be optimised is inconclusive. Furthermore, ability of respiratory function parameters to predict pneumonia risk is insufficiently established. This paper details the protocol for a large-scale, multicentre research project that aims to evaluate the ability of parameters of respiratory function to predict and understand variation in inpatient risk of pneumonia in SCI. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: RESCOM, a prospective cohort study, began recruitment in October 2016 across 10 SCI rehabilitation centres from Australia, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Inpatients with acute SCI, with complete or incomplete cervical or thoracic lesions, 18 years or older and not/no more dependent on 24-hour mechanical ventilation within the first 3 months after injury are eligible for inclusion. The target sample size is 500 participants. The primary outcome is an occurrence of pneumonia; secondary outcomes include pneumonia-related mortality and quality of life. We will use the longitudinal data for prognostic models on inpatient pneumonia risk factors. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been reviewed and approved by all local ethics committees of all participating centres. Study results will be disseminated to the scientific community through peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations, to the SCI community, other stakeholders and via social media, newsletters and engagement activities. TRIAL REGISTRATION DETAILS: NCT02891096.

Spinal Cord Injuries , Adolescent , COVID-19 , Developed Countries , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2 , Spinal Cord Injuries/complications , Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology