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Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(8)2022 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1979314


Background and objectives: Alignment of the lower extremity is important when treating congenital deformities, fractures, and joint replacement. During the COVID-19 pandemic, AO North America offered an online course on deformity measurement and planning. The Bonesetter app is a deformity planning tool that is freely available online. The purpose of this study was to see how effective an online course was in teaching axial alignment measurement and to assess that skill using an online digital planning tool, the Bonesetter app. Materials and Methods: An online module on axial alignment was provided during the AONA osteotomy course as well as a tutorial on how to use an online digital planning tool (Bonesetter app). The tools within the Bonesetter app allow users to draw digital lines directly on the CT images and measure the exact angle between two planes. Participants in this study were directed to perform these measurements in four different cases that tested different variations of deformity. Results: The measurements were completed correctly in case 1 = 56%, case 2 = 61%, case 3 = 84%, and case 4 = 76%. The standard deviation of angular digital measurements between individuals was ±4.26 degrees. Measuring the angle directly vs. drawing angles to a horizontal line had smaller standard deviations per case (p < 0.005) and less incidents outside 1 standard deviation for each measurement. Errors in adding and subtracting were the most common errors, particularly in relation to femoral anteversion or retroversion. Conclusions: The online course successfully instructed a group of orthopedic surgeons to measure alignment and malalignment of lower limb axial deformities. The Bonesetter app helped participants to learn this skill and identify errors in measurement. The inability to differentiate between anteversion and retroversion of the femur is a common source of error when it occurs and should be a focus of instruction.

COVID-19 , Mobile Applications , Femur , Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Pandemics
Can J Surg ; 65(3): E382-E387, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1902661


BACKGROUND: Day-of surgery cancellation (DOSC) is considered to be a very inefficient use of hospital resources and results in emotional stress for the patient. To examine opportunities to minimize the incidence of preventable cancellations - an indicator of quality of care - we assessed the incidence of and reasons for DOSCs over 3 months among inpatients and outpatients at a trauma orthopedic service. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 2 cohorts of patients, inpatients and outpatients, scheduled for emergent orthopedic surgery at a Canadian tertiary level 1 trauma centre from Jan. 1 to Mar. 31, 2020. Patient demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, delays until surgery and reasons for DOSCs were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 185 patients (100 males and 85 females with a mean age of 54 yr) were included in the study. There were 98 outpatients and 87 inpatients. Seventy-five (40%) of the scheduled procedures in the outpatient group and 34 (30%) of those in the inpatient group were cancelled. In both groups, more than 85% of the cancellations were because of prioritization of a more urgent orthopedic or nonorthopedic surgical case. The average operative delay for the outpatient group was 11.4 days, compared to 3.8 days for the inpatient group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: High DOSC rates were observed among both outpatients and inpatients. The main reason for delaying surgery was prioritization of a more urgent surgical case. Providing the orthopedic trauma service with a dedicated OR opened 6 days per week, along with extended hours of OR services to 1700 daily, might be effective at minimizing DOSCs.

Appointments and Schedules , Orthopedic Procedures , Canada , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operating Rooms , Prospective Studies , Trauma Centers
J Child Orthop ; 14(3): 161-166, 2020 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-616012


PURPOSE: To explore safe delays for the treatment of common paediatric orthopaedic conditions when faced with a life-threatening pandemic, COVID-19, and to propose a categorization system to address this question. METHODS: Review of the literature related to acceptable delays for treatment of common orthopaedic conditions, experience of healthcare professionals from low resource communities and expertise of experienced surgeons. RESULTS: Guidelines for the management of cancellations of elective surgeries during a period of resource reallocation are proposed. Elective cases must not be postponed indefinitely as adverse outcomes may result. Triage of waiting lists should include continuous monitoring of the patient and close communication with families despite social distancing and travel restrictions. Telehealth becomes a necessity. Common orthopaedic conditions are triaged into four groups according to urgency and safe and acceptable delay. Categories proposed are Emergent (life and limb threatening conditions), Urgent (within seven days), Semi-elective (postponed for three months) and Elective (postponed for three to 12 months). In total, 25 common orthopaedic conditions are reviewed and categorized. CONCLUSION: Given the uncertainty within healthcare during a pandemic, it is necessary to determine acceptable delays for elective conditions. We report our experience in developing guidelines and propose categorizing elective cases into four categories, based on the length of delay. Telemedicine plays a key role in determining the gravity of each situation and hence the amount of delay. These guidelines will assist others dealing with elective cases in the midst of a crisis. This paper initiates a coordinated effort to develop a consensus statement on safe delays.Published without peer review.