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Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(9):KD01-KD03, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067200


Being a highly contagious disease, Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) has shown its impact throughout the world. Clinical manifestations are seen primarily involving the respiratory system. Fever, cough, fatigue, and breathlessness are the commonly seen symptoms. Several cases of COVID-19 manifest as viral pneumonia-induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). COVID-19 symptoms appear not only during the course of the illness but also as its after effects. Long COVID-19 is said to be multisystem syndrome, categorised as postacute or chronic depending upon the time frame. It is characterized by the presence of symptoms beyond four weeks of the actual disease. Change in structural components in the lung leads to having a functional consequence on the body, affecting the cognitive, psychosocial, mental and physical well-being of the patients. Studies have shown alveolar damage same as ARDS. The most common pulmonary sequences seen are dyspnoea, cough (dry/with expectoration) and decreased diffusion capacity leading to reduced endurance. The present case report was of a 45-year-old nurse, who presented with the symptoms of postacute long COVID-19. Her previous scan of thorax showed a severity score of 11/25 after being tested COVID-19 positive. In view of the presenting complaints, a tailor-made pulmonary rehabilitation program was administered which showed great improvement in overall health condition. This case had been reported to document the effects of post COVID rehabilitation program on aspects such as functional capacity, quality of life, anxiety and depression using novel measures such as Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), World Health Organisation Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale - 21 Items (DASS-21). Rehabilitation has been proven to be effective and safe in improving the exercise performance, quality of life affected due to COVID-19 and psychological function of the patients. Copyright © 2022 Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Journal of Medical Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences ; 10(3):2801-2803, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1342095


Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is known to cause severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome which causes breathing difficulty requiring ICU management and assisted ventilation. A male patient, 50 years old was admitted to the hospital with complaints of breathlessness, morning chest pain with palpitations and low saturation level, and hypoxia on room air. The patient was a known case of COVID-19. ABG revealed metabolic alkalosis with partially compensated respiratory acidosis. CBC revealed leukocytosis suggestive of infection and HB count was decreased. HRCT thorax was done given COVID positive PCR test and was suggestive of multiple patchy ground-glass attenuations in the left upper and bilateral lower lobes of lungs. A repeat HRCT thorax was done after 3 months, which was suggestive of diffuse patchy ground-glass opacities with interlobar septal segment giving crazy paving pattern and consolidation in both lungs. Physiotherapy intervention included patient education, breathing retraining, airway clearance techniques, positioning, walking program with supplemented oxygen, and psychological support. Outcome measures have shown enhancement in functional independence and performance of activities of daily living. Modified pulmonary rehabilitation has worked efficiently in improving the general condition of a post COVID patient. © 2021 MEDIC SCIENTIFIC. All right reserved.