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2.
Curr Opin Gastroenterol ; 38(1): 55-60, 2022 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1556154

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The COVID-19 global pandemic resulted in a radical change in the provision and delivery of endoscopy services worldwide. As we emerge from this pandemic, various strategies were advocated to resume endoscopy whilst prioritizing the safety and wellbeing of patients and staff. RECENT FINDINGS: This review summarizes the main changes including infection control and prevention measures in endoscopy and explores the overarching impact of the pandemic on the gastrointestinal lab. Various solutions are outlined to enable the well tolerated resumption of endoscopy services including retention of certain infection control measures, use of personal protective equipment, testing and vaccination. Strategies to deal with the mounting backlog of cases are also discussed. SUMMARY: The COVID-19 pandemic wreaked havoc on healthcare systems worldwide and affected the provision and delivery of gastrointestinal diagnostic services, such as endoscopy necessitating a new way of working and an emphasis on infection control and better use of technology that are likely to be here to stay in the post pandemic era.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Infection Control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
3.
United European Gastroenterol J ; 9(7): 787-796, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1260575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused almost 2 million deaths worldwide. Both Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency have recently approved the first COVID-19 vaccines, and a few more are going to be approved soon. METHODS: Several different approaches have been used to stimulate the immune system in mounting a humoral response. As more traditional approaches are under investigation (inactivated virus vaccines, protein subunit vaccines, recombinant virus vaccines), more recent and innovative strategies have been tried (non-replicating viral vector vaccines, RNA based vaccines, DNA based vaccines). RESULTS: Since vaccinations campaigns started in December 2020 in both the US and Europe, gastroenterologists will be one of the main sources of information regarding SARS-CoV 2 vaccination for patients in their practice, including vulnerable patients such as those with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), patients with chronic liver disease, and GI cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, we must ourselves be well educated and updated in order to provide unambiguous counseling to these categories of vulnerable patients. In this commentary, we aim to provide a comprehensive review of both approved COVID-19 vaccines and the ones still under development, and explore potential risks, benefits and prioritization of vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control , /therapeutic use , /therapeutic use , Gastroenterology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Liver Diseases/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Tech Innov Gastrointest Endosc ; 23(2): 199-206, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1199101

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has played havoc at various levels throughout the world but has especially impacted the Health care professionals and put them at risk of mental ill health. The morbidity, mortality, and financial impact of COVID-19 have been huge and can easily dwarf the issues about mental wellbeing of individuals during these tough times. This can potentially have a long-lasting impact resulting in delayed recovery from this pandemic on all fronts of life. In our review, we aim to explore the issue of mental health with particular emphasis on health care workers and try and understand the size of problems, the symptoms and specific causes pertaining to COVID-19 related mental ill health. Finally, we have summarized some of the measures that can be taken by institutions and individuals to minimize the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on our mental wellbeing.

5.
Frontline Gastroenterol ; 12(3): 193-199, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1172764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The global COVID-19 pandemic has changed healthcare across the world. Efforts have concentrated on managing this crisis, with impact on cancer care unclear. We investigated the impact on endoscopy services and gastrointestinal (GI) cancer diagnosis in the UK. DESIGN: Analysis of endoscopy procedures and cancer diagnosis at a UK Major General Hospital. Procedure rates and diagnosis of GI malignancy were examined over 8-week periods in spring, summer and autumn 2019 before the start of the crisis and were compared with rates since onset of national lockdown and restrictions on elective endoscopy. The number of CT scans performed and malignancies diagnosed in the two corresponding periods in 2019 and 2020 were also evaluated. RESULTS: 2 698 2516 and 3074 endoscopic procedures were performed in 2019, diagnosing 64, 73 and 78 cancers, respectively, the majority being in patients with alarm symptoms and fecal immunochemical test+ve bowel cancer screening population. Following initiation of new guidelines for management of endoscopy services 245 procedures were performed in a 6 week duration, diagnosing 18 cancers. This equates to potentially delayed diagnosis of 37 cancers per million population per month. Clinician triage improved, resulting in 13.6 procedures performed to diagnose one cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate an 88% reduction in procedures during the first 6 weeks of COVID-19 crisis, resulting in 66% fewer GI cancer diagnoses. Triage changes reduced the number of procedures required to diagnose cancer. Our data can help healthcare planning to manage the extra workload on endoscopy departments during the recovery period from COVID-19.

8.
Gut ; 69(11): 1915-1924, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-724057

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on provision of endoscopy services globally as staff and real estate were repurposed. As we begin to recover from the pandemic, a cohesive international approach is needed, and guidance on how to resume endoscopy services safely to avoid unintended harm from diagnostic delays. The aim of these guidelines is to provide consensus recommendations that clinicians can use to facilitate the swift and safe resumption of endoscopy services. An evidence-based literature review was carried out on the various strategies used globally to manage endoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic and control infection. A modified Delphi process involving international endoscopy experts was used to agree on the consensus statements. A threshold of 80% agreement was used to establish consensus for each statement. 27 of 30 statements achieved consensus after two rounds of voting by 34 experts. The statements were categorised as pre-endoscopy, during endoscopy and postendoscopy addressing relevant areas of practice, such as screening, personal protective equipment, appropriate environments for endoscopy and infection control precautions, particularly in areas of high disease prevalence. Recommendations for testing of patients and for healthcare workers, appropriate locations of donning and doffing areas and social distancing measures before endoscopy are unique and not dealt with by any other guidelines. This international consensus using a modified Delphi method to produce a series of best practice recommendations to aid the safe resumption of endoscopy services globally in the era of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Digestive System/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Consensus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Delphi Technique , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Internationality , Male , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Patient Safety , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Time Factors , United States
9.
Endoscopy ; 53(2): 173-177, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-708886

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the impact of the pandemic lockdown period on the treatment and prognosis of superficial gastrointestinal neoplastic lesions. METHODS: A survey was completed by 11 centers from four continents regarding postponements during the early lockdown period of the pandemic, and the same period in 2019. RESULTS: In 2020, 55 % of the scheduled procedures were deferred, which was 11 times higher than in 2019; the main reasons were directly related to COVID-19. In countries that were highly affected, this proportion rose to 76 % vs. 26 % in those where there was less impact. Despite the absolute reduction, the relative distribution in 2019 vs. 2020 was similar, the only exception being duodenal lesions (affected by a 92 % reduction in mucosectomies). Although it is expected that the majority of postponements will not affect the stage (based on the results from biopsies and/or endoscopic appearance), 3 % of delayed procedures will probably require surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The lockdown period caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic led to a substantial reduction in the number of endoscopic resections for neoplastic lesions. Nevertheless, based on clinical judgment, the planned median delay will not worsen the prognosis of the affected patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/statistics & numerical data , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Internationality
11.
Endosc Int Open ; 8(7): E985-E989, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-629939

ABSTRACT

Background and aim As the post-peak phase of the epidemic is approaching, there is an urgent need of an action plan to help resume endoscopy activity. To manage the Covid-19 pandemic-imposed backlog of postponed colonoscopy examinations, an efficient approach is needed. The practice of on-demand sedation with benzodiazepines and/or opiates will allow most patients to complete a water-aided examination with minimal or no sedation. Other methods reported to minimize patient discomfort during colonoscopy can be used, in addition to water-aided techniques. Unsedated or minimally sedated patients who do not require recovery or require a shorter one allow rapid turnaround. The practice obviates the need for assistance with deep sedation from anesthesiologists, who may be in short supply. Trainee education in water-aided colonoscopy has been demonstrated to confer benefits. This review provides some insights into the impact of Covid-19 on endoscopy services, challenges ahead, and possible solutions to help recovery of colonoscopy work and training.

14.
Endoscopy ; 52(6): 483-490, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-72296

ABSTRACT

We are currently living in the throes of the COVID-19 pandemic that imposes a significant stress on health care providers and facilities. Europe is severely affected with an exponential increase in incident infections and deaths. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 can be subtle, encompassing a broad spectrum from asymptomatic mild disease to severe respiratory illness. Health care professionals in endoscopy units are at increased risk of infection from COVID-19. Infection prevention and control has been shown to be dramatically effective in assuring the safety of both health care professionals and patients. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (www.esge.com) and the European Society of Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Nurses and Associates (www.esgena.org) are joining forces to provide guidance during this pandemic to help assure the highest level of endoscopy care and protection against COVID-19 for both patients and endoscopy unit personnel. This guidance is based upon the best available evidence regarding assessment of risk during the current status of the pandemic and a consensus on which procedures to perform and the priorities on resumption. We appreciate the gaps in knowledge and evidence, especially on the proper strategy(ies) for the resumption of normal endoscopy practice during the upcoming phases and end of the pandemic and therefore a list of potential research questions is presented. New evidence may result in an updated statement.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Risk Management/standards , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Risk Management/methods
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