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Computers & Electrical Engineering ; 93:107277, 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1275234


The drastic impact of COVID-19 pandemic is visible in all aspects of our lives including education. With a distinctive rise in e-learning, teaching methods are being undertaken remotely on digital platforms due to COVID-19. To reduce the effect of this pandemic on the education sector, most of the educational institutions are already conducting online classes. However, to make these digital learning sessions interactive and comparable to the traditional offline classrooms, it is essential to ensure that students are properly engaged during online classes. In this paper, we have presented novel deep learning based algorithms that monitor the student’s emotions in real-time such as anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. This is done by the proposed novel state-of-the-art algorithms which compute the Mean Engagement Score (MES) by analyzing the obtained results from facial landmark detection, emotional recognition and the weights from a survey conducted on students over an hour-long class. The proposed automated approach will certainly help educational institutions in achieving an improved and innovative digital learning method.

Chaos Solitons Fractals ; 140: 110190, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-696427


The world is suffering from an existential global health crisis known as the COVID-19 pandemic. Countries like India, Bangladesh, and other developing countries are still having a slow pace in the detection of COVID-19 cases. Therefore, there is an urgent need for fast detection with clear visualization of infection is required using which a suspected patient of COVID-19 could be saved. In the recent technological advancements, the fusion of deep learning classifiers and medical images provides more promising results corresponding to traditional RT-PCR testing while making detection and predictions about COVID-19 cases with increased accuracy. In this paper, we have proposed a deep transfer learning algorithm that accelerates the detection of COVID-19 cases by using X-ray and CT-Scan images of the chest. It is because, in COVID-19, initial screening of chest X-ray (CXR) may provide significant information in the detection of suspected COVID-19 cases. We have considered three datasets known as 1) COVID-chest X-ray, 2) SARS-COV-2 CT-scan, and 3) Chest X-Ray Images (Pneumonia). In the obtained results, the proposed deep learning model can detect the COVID-19 positive cases in  ≤  2 seconds which is faster than RT-PCR tests currently being used for detection of COVID-19 cases. We have also established a relationship between COVID-19 patients along with the Pneumonia patients which explores the pattern between Pneumonia and COVID-19 radiology images. In all the experiments, we have used the Grad-CAM based color visualization approach in order to clearly interpretate the detection of radiology images and taking further course of action.