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Afr Health Sci ; 21(4): 1558-1566, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1703246


Background: The limitations and false-negative results of Real-time Polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) in diagnosing COVID-19 infection demand the need for imaging modalities such as chest HRCT to improve the diagnostic accuracy and assess the severity of the infection. Objectives: The study aimed to compare the chest HRCT severity scores in RT-PCR positive and negative cases of COVID-19. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 50 clinically suspected COVID-19 patients. Chest HRCT and PCR testing of all 50 patients were done and the chest HRCT severity scores for each lung and bronchopulmonary segments were compared in patients with positive and negative PCR results. Chi-square and Mann Whitney U test were used to assess differences among study variables. Results: Chest HRCT severity score was more in PCR negative patients than in those with PCR positive results. However, the difference was not significant (p=0.11). There was a significant association in severity scores of the anterior basal segment of the left lung (p=0.022) and posterior segment upper lobe of right lung (p=0.035) with PCR results. This association was insignificant for other bronchopulmonary segments (p>0.05). Conclusion: CR negativity does not rule out infection in clinically suspected COVID-19 patients. The use of chest HRCT helps to determine the extent of lung damage in clinically suspected patients irrespective of PCR results. Guidelines that consider clinical symptoms, chest HRCT severity score and PCR results for a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 in suspected patients are needed.

COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect ; 11(6): 740-746, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1517742


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 was detected in China in December 2019. The rapid dissemination and novelty of the disease resulted in an epidemic. This study aimed to identify biochemical parameters at admission that can be used to categorize severity and outcome of COVID -19 infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Allied Hospitals of RMU from April 2020 to July 2020. It included 128 randomly selected confirmed COVID-19 patients. At admission, biochemical profile (total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferases {ALT}, aspartate aminotransferases {AST}, urea, creatinine, uric acid, sodium, potassium, and chloride were correlated with severity and outcome of COVID-19 by employing t-tests and ANOVA where required. Cut-off values to predict disease severity and outcome were calculated using ROC curve. RESULTS: The study comprised 46.1% non-severe, 29.7% severe, and 24.2% critical COVID-19 patients. 84.4% patients improved and 15.6% expired. Urea was increased in critical disease patients (p < 0.000). Higher ALT (p 0.030) and AST (p 0.004) levels were noted in severe and critical disease. Sodium (p 0.001) and chloride (p 0.026) were decreased in critical disease. Patients who expired had increased urea (p 0.000), ALT (p 0.040) and AST (p 0.002). At admission, urea >42.7 mg (sensitivity of 64.7%, specificity of 87.5%), AST >43.5 IU/L (64% sensitivity, 60% specificity), and sodium <136.9 mmol/L (sensitivity of 70.6%, specificity of 71.2%) predicted critical COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSION: At admission, increased urea, AST, and ALT along with decreased sodium can help in identifying COVID-19 patients with severe illness and poor outcome.