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1.
Lung Cancer ; 156: 147-150, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1219424

ABSTRACT

Durvalumab is the first approved adjuvant immunotherapy agent for patients with stage III NSCLC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy and is associated with improved overall survival. In order to minimise the number of hospital visits for patients receiving durvalumab during the COVID-19 pandemic we implemented 4-weekly (20 mg/kg) durvalumab in place of 2-weekly infusions at The Royal Marsden Hospital. We assessed the potential impact of the safety of a 4-weekly schedule in patients receiving adjuvant durvalumab. We carried out a retrospective study of 40 patients treated with 2-weekly and 4-weekly infusions of durvalumab prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical documentation was analysed from 216 consultations across 40 patients receiving 2-weekly durvalumab and 66 consultations of 14 patients who switched from 2-weekly to 4-weekly durvalumab during the COVID-19 pandemic. In patients receiving 2-weekly durvalumab, the rate of grade 3 and 4 toxicities was 15 % compared to 7% in patients receiving 4-weekly durvalumab. Pre-existing autoimmune disease was considered a risk factor for the development of grade 3 or 4 toxicities. We did not observe any difference in the rate of grade 1 and 2 toxicities between the two groups. Our findings support the use of 4-weekly durvalumab during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond, obviating the need for 2-weekly face-to-face consultations and blood tests, relevant given the current pandemic and the need to re-structure cancer services to minimise patient hospital visits and exposure to SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Neoplasms , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 25: 100261, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-956074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: UK COVID-19 mortality rates are amongst the highest globally. Controversy exists on the vulnerability of thoracic cancer patients. We describe the characteristics and sequelae of patients with thoracic cancer treated at a UK cancer centre infected with COVID-19. METHODS: Patients undergoing care for thoracic cancer diagnosed with COVID-19 (RT-PCR/radiology/clinically) between March-June 2020 were included. Data were extracted from patient records. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were included: 14 (43%) diagnosed by RT-PCR, 18 (57%) by radiology and/or convincing symptoms. 88% had advanced thoracic malignancies. Eleven of 14 (79%) patients diagnosed by RT-PCR and 12 of 18 (56%) patients diagnosed by radiology/clinically were hospitalised, of which four (29%) and 2 (11%) patients required high-dependency/intensive care respectively. Three (21%) patients diagnosed by RT-PCR and 2 (11%) patients diagnosed by radiology/clinically required non-invasive ventilation; none were intubated. Complications included pneumonia and sepsis (43% and 14% respectively in patients diagnosed by RT-PCR; 17% and 11% respectively in patients diagnosed by radiology/clinically). In patients receiving active cancer treatment, therapy was delayed/ceased in 10/12 (83%) and 7/11 (64%) patients diagnosed by RT-PCR and radiology/clinically respectively. Nine (28%) patients died; all were smokers. Median time from symptom onset to death was 7 days (range 3-37). CONCLUSIONS: The immediate morbidity from COVID-19 is high in thoracic cancer patients. Hospitalisation and treatment interruption rates were high. Improved risk-stratification models for UK cancer patients are urgently needed to guide safe cancer-care delivery without compromising efficacy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Thoracic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Critical Care , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thoracic Neoplasms/complications , Thoracic Neoplasms/virology , United Kingdom/epidemiology
3.
Eur J Cancer ; 136: 99-106, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-635276

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, cancer centres in the United Kingdom and Europe re-organised their services at an unprecedented pace, and many patients with cancer have had their treatments severely disrupted. Patients with cancer were considered at high risk on sparse evidence, and despite a small number of emerging observational studies, the true incidence and impact of COVID-19 in the 'at-risk' population of patients with cancer is yet to be defined. METHODS: Epidemiological and clinical data were collected prospectively for patients attending the Royal Marsden Hospital and three network hospitals between March 1st and April 30th 2020 that were confirmed to have Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) infection. Significance of clinical and pathological characteristics was assessed using the Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon rank sum test, whilst univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to further assess risk. The number of patients attending in March/April 2020 for face-to-face attendances was also extracted. FINDINGS: During the 2-month study period, 867 of 13,489 (6.4%) patients met the criteria leading to swab testing. Of the total at-risk population, only 113 of 13,489 (0.84%) were swab positive, 101 of 13,489 (0.75%) required hospital admission and 29 of 13,489 (0.21%) died of COVID-19. Of the patients that attended the hospital to receive cytotoxic chemotherapy alone or in combination with other therapy, 59 of 2001 (2.9%) were admitted to the hospital for COVID-19-related issues and 20 of 2001 (1%) died. Of the patients that collected targeted treatments, 16 of 1126 (1.4%) were admitted and 1 of 1126 (0.1%) died. Of the 11 patients that had received radiotherapy, 6 of 1042 (0.6%) required inpatient admission and 2 of 1042 (0.2%) died. INTERPRETATIONS: Administration of systemic anticancer therapy appears to be associated with a modest risk of severe COVID-19 infection. Based on this snapshot taken as the first wave of COVID-19 hit our practice, we conclude that continuation of active cancer treatment, even in the palliative setting, is appropriate.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Radiotherapy/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/antagonists & inhibitors , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6/antagonists & inhibitors , Female , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms/therapy , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , United Kingdom/epidemiology , Young Adult
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