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1.
Radiol Case Rep ; 17(9): 3326-3330, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1926859

ABSTRACT

Omicron variant of COVID-19 is characterized by exceptional transmissibility and by immune evasion with the ability infect people with naturally acquired or vaccine-induced immunity. However, lung involvement is poorly reported in patients who resulted positive by this new COVID-19 variant. COVID-19 breakthrough infections are defined as COVID-19 infection in fully vaccinated patients. Herein, we present a case of breakthrough infection in an elderly woman who came in emergency with dyspnea and with findings of COVID-19 pneumonia on chest computed tomography. The patient was vaccinated with a booster dose of an mRNA vaccine some months earlier and the Omicron variant was detected on real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. However, the patient's condition remained stable. For our knowledge we report the first case with lung involvement due to Omicron variant in an elderly after the booster dose of mRNA vaccine. This case highlights as COVID-19 breakthrough infections may represent some concerns in the elderly patients in presence of virus variants.

2.
Clinical case reports ; 10(1), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1624047

ABSTRACT

COVID‐19 infections that occur at least 2 weeks after complete vaccination are known as breakthrough infections. Herein, we report a clinical case resembling breakthrough infection that was correlated with a higher score of COVID‐19 pneumonia on chest computed tomography (CT) in a patient who resulted positive for the delta variant and who died during the hospitalization. Although currently approved vaccines have shown great efficacy in reducing COVID‐19 severity, COVID‐19 variants may represent increasing concerns. Breakthrough infections with COVID‐19 pneumonia are also possible especially in older people and in patients with comorbidities. Therefore, improvement of therapy and management of patients with COVID‐19 should be not overlooked.

3.
Clin Case Rep ; 10(1): e05232, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1615947

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 infections that occur at least 2 weeks after complete vaccination are known as breakthrough infections. Herein, we report a clinical case resembling breakthrough infection that was correlated with a higher score of COVID-19 pneumonia on chest computed tomography (CT) in a patient who resulted positive for the delta variant and who died during the hospitalization.

4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1374461

ABSTRACT

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its related disease (COVID-19) continue to represent a challenge for humans. To date, vaccination programs have represented an opportunity to navigate the pandemic. However, the advent of new genetic COVID-19 variants has increased more attention representing a worrying threat not only for not vaccinated but also for vaccinated people as virus infections have been shown also in the last ones. Herein, we report different clinical cases and radiological findings of COVID-19 pneumonia in six fully vaccinated patients. Two patients had a history of Rituximab therapy for follicular lymphoma and with persistent positivity for SARS-CoV-2 on nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal (NP/OP) swabs and with moderate pneumonia on the chest computed tomography (CT). One patient who resulted to be positive to delta variant 8 days after the second vaccination dose, died shortly after. Two patients were hospitalized due to the worsening of fever and dyspnea in presence of mild pneumonia on CT. In one patient mild pneumonia was found on the chest-CT performed after a lipothymic episode associated with chest pain and positive NP/OP swab tested for SARS-CoV-2. These data suggested that in fully vaccinated people, caution should be preserved, and the use of masks and social distancing should be continued in all closed environments. However, further clinical trials should be done to better understand how various factors can influence vaccine immunogenicity as the presence of virus mutations, age factors, and the presence of an immunocompromised state.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fever , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
5.
J Pers Med ; 11(7)2021 Jul 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1302361

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: the purpose of this study was to assess the evolution of computed tomography (CT) findings and lung residue in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, via quantified evaluation of the disease, using a computer aided tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we retrospectively evaluated 341 CT examinations of 140 patients (68 years of median age) infected with COVID-19 (confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)), who were hospitalized, and who received clinical and CT examinations. All CTs were evaluated by two expert radiologists, in consensus, at the same reading session, using a computer-aided tool for quantification of the pulmonary disease. The parameters obtained using the computer tool included the healthy residual parenchyma, ground glass opacity, consolidation, and total lung volume. RESULTS: statistically significant differences (p value ≤ 0.05) were found among quantified volumes of healthy residual parenchyma, ground glass opacity (GGO), consolidation, and total lung volume, considering different clinical conditions (stable, improved, and worsened). Statistically significant differences were found among quantified volumes for healthy residual parenchyma, GGO, and consolidation (p value ≤ 0.05) between dead patients and discharged patients. CT was not performed on cadavers; the death was an outcome, which was retrospectively included to differentiate findings of patients who survived vs. patients who died during hospitalization. Among discharged patients, complete disease resolutions on CT scans were observed in 62/129 patients with lung disease involvement ≤5%; lung disease involvement from 5% to 15% was found in 40/129 patients, while 27/129 patients had lung disease involvement between 16 and 30%. Moreover, 8-21 days (after hospital admission) was an "advanced period" with the most severe lung disease involvement. After the extent of involvement started to decrease-particularly after 21 days-the absorption was more obvious. CONCLUSIONS: a complete disease resolution on chest CT scans was observed in 48.1% of discharged patients using a computer-aided tool to quantify the GGO and consolidation volumes; after 16 days of hospital admission, the abnormalities identified by chest CT began to improve; in particular, the absorption was more obvious after 21 days.

6.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1125110

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays an important role in the detection of coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia in both managing the disease and evaluating the complications. Imaging with chest computed tomography (CT) can also have a potential predictive and prognostic role in COVID-19 patient outcomes. The aim of this pictorial review is to describe the role of imaging with chest X-ray (CXR), lung ultrasound (LUS), and CT in the diagnosis and management of COVID-19 pneumonia, the current indications, the scores proposed for each modality, the advantages/limitations of each modality and their role in detecting complications, and the histopathological correlations.

7.
Infez Med ; 28(3): 346-350, 2020 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-757686

ABSTRACT

Ultra-High-Resolution Computed Tomography (U-HR-CT) is the reference imaging technique for pneumonia in the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Pulmonary Ultrasound (LUS) could be a valid diagnostic alternative for the imaging of COVID-19. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical performance of LUS in the initial evaluation of pneumonia in COVID-19 patients, compared to standard U-HR-CT. Among 29 patients with confirmed COVID-19, all U-HR-CT hallmarks showed an excellent concordance with LUS findings according to Cohen coefficient. In our experience, LUS is a viable alternative to U-HR-CT, with the advantages of being radiation-free, flexible, cost-effective, and reasonably reducing nosocomial transmission risks because performed at bed-side.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Adult , Aged , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Italy , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
9.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(5)2020 May 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-197753

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel viral infection characterized by several symptoms range from mild to severe clinical conditions that could lead to death. We report two different radiological findings on computed tomography (CT) in two patients affected by SARS-CoV-2: a lung acute embolism (APE) in the first case and a radiological picture of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the second case. This is an important issue to be identified in order to provide more specific therapy earlier, including both antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs associated with anti anticoagulant therapy.

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