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Blood Press ; 32(1): 2161998, 2023 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2212397


PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the subsequent lockdown profoundly affected almost all aspects of daily life including health services worldwide. The established risk factors for increased blood pressure (BP) and hypertension may also demonstrate significant changes during the pandemic. This study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on BP control and BP phenotypes as assessed with 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multi-centre, observational, retrospective and comparative study involving Excellence Centres of the European Society of Hypertension across Europe. Along with clinical data and office BP, ABPM recordings will be collected in adult patients with treated arterial hypertension. There will be two groups in the study: Group 1 will consist of participants who have undergone two ABPM recordings - the second one occurring during the COVID-19 pandemic, i.e. after March 2020, and the first one 9-15 months prior to the second. Participants in Group 2 will have two repeated ABPM recordings - both performed before the pandemic within a similar 9-15 month interval between the recordings. Within each group, we will analyse and compare BP variables and phenotypes (including averaged daytime and night-time BP, BP variability, dipper and non-dipper status, white-coat and masked hypertension) between the two respective ABPM recordings and compare these changes between the two groups. The target sample size will amount to least 590 participants in each of the study groups, which means a total of at least 2360 ABPM recordings overall. EXPECTED OUTCOMES: As a result, we expect to identify the impact of a COVID-19 pandemic on blood pressure control and the quality of medical care in order to develop the strategy to control cardiovascular risk factors during unpredictable global events.

What is the context?A wide range of daily activities, including health care worldwide, were deeply affected by the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown.What is new?Our multicenter study will examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients across Europe by analysing results of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.What is the impact?Optimising strategies for dealing with future unpredictable global situations will depend on understanding how the pandemic affected blood pressure control.

COVID-19 , Hypertension , Humans , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Blood Pressure/physiology
J Hypertens ; 39(6): 1077-1089, 2021 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1219489


SUMMARY: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic considerably affects health, wellbeing, social, economic and other aspects of daily life. The impact of COVID-19 on blood pressure (BP) control and hypertension remains insufficiently explored. We therefore provide a comprehensive review of the potential changes in lifestyle factors and behaviours as well as environmental changes likely to influence BP control and cardiovascular risk during the pandemic. This includes the impact on physical activity, dietary patterns, alcohol consumption and the resulting consequences, for example increases in body weight. Other risk factors for increases in BP and cardiovascular risk such as smoking, emotional/psychologic stress, changes in sleep patterns and diurnal rhythms may also exhibit significant changes in addition to novel factors such as air pollution and environmental noise. We also highlight potential preventive measures to improve BP control because hypertension is the leading preventable risk factor for worldwide health during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 , Hypertension/epidemiology , Life Style , Stress, Psychological , Humans , Pandemics , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Smoking , Socioeconomic Factors