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Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19984, 2021 10 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1462035


The influence of the confinement on the changes of eating behaviors in men and women in Poland and between groups were assessed. Results were obtained for 112 men and 200 women. An anonymous questionnaire available on-line from 29 April to 19 May 2020 was the research tool. It contained questions about the frequency of consumption "before" and "during" confinement. Additionally, anthropometric measurements were declared by the respondents. An increase in the number of meals and an improvement in their regularity were observed in both groups. However, the frequency of snacking also increased. During lockdown women consumed potatoes, sweets, canned meat and eggs and men consumed canned meat more frequently. Products consumed less frequently were: fast food, instant soups and energy drinks (women), and white bread and fast food (men). The frequency of alcohol consumption also increased during lockdown. Average body weight and BMI increased significantly during social isolation. Body weight increase was declared by almost half of women and 40% of men. During the blockade period caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in the dietary behavior of the study group of women and men were found. The nature of these changes varied according to gender and the dietary parameters analyzed.

COVID-19 , Feeding Behavior , Adult , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Diet , Female , Humans , Male , Nutritional Status , Physical Distancing , Poland/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Weight Gain
Nutrients ; 12(10)2020 Oct 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-983006


Unexpected isolation, which has not yet been seen on a global scale, has created the conditions for evaluating nutrition in a situation of reduced spatial activity. The study aimed to assess the influence of lockdown on selected eating habits of Polish adults. An anonymous questionnaire was conducted, including questions about eating habits and self-reported anthropometric measurements, referring to "before" and "during" lockdown. We reported the findings of 312 adults (aged 41.12 ± 13.05 years). Overall, 64.1% of the participants were women, 77.7% urban inhabitants and 78.6% employed. The average length of social isolation was 50.79 ± 10.53 days. The majority (51.6%) of the respondents did not eat outside the house during lockdown (p < 0.0001). The number of meals eaten during the day during lockdown increased significantly, 11.2% of the respondents ate 5 and more meals (p < 0.0001). The percentage of people snacking between meals increased by 5.1% during lockdown (p = 0.0001). Eggs, potatoes, sweets, canned meat and alcohol were consumed considerably more commonly during lockdown, while fast-food products, instant soups and energy drinks were eaten or drunk significantly less frequently. A marked decrease in the number of daily servings of the following products was observed: bakery products, red meat, fast food, instant soups, sweet beverages and energy drinks. Conversely, the number of daily servings of sweets and canned meat significantly increased. Two thirds of the respondents reported body weight changes, with 45.86% of the participants being overweight during lockdown. Significant changes in the diet of Polish adults were found during lockdown due to COVID-19.

Coronavirus Infections , Diet , Feeding Behavior , Health Behavior , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Social Isolation , Weight Gain , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Body Mass Index , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Fast Foods , Female , Food Preferences , Humans , Life Style , Male , Meals , Middle Aged , Obesity/etiology , Overweight/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Poland/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Snacks , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urban Population