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1.
Ricerche di Psicologia ; (3)2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2290913

ABSTRACT

The problem under consideration. This contribution refers to the studies conducted by the Generational Encounters Laboratory and by the A.R.I.P.T.Fo.R.P. more recently in the perspectives of social psychology and aging to address the problem of the pandemic as rift generated in the time axis. The social representations and practices of the elderly regarding an evolving society – between past, present and future – are analyzed by reading the results in the light of the reference theories (Mead, 1934;Moscovici, 1961/1976;Markus, 1977) and in an intergenerational perspective. Participants. In this first phase of the survey, 56 semi-structured interviews were collected for residents in some contexts in Northern Italy (38 in the cities of Milan, Bergamo, Brescia and Lecco) and in the Center (18 in the cities of Arezzo, Viterbo, Rome). Objective. The objective of the exploratory research is to reconstruct the experiences, emotions, attitudes – in synthesis the social representations – (Moscovici, 1961/1976, 1984, 1988, 2000, 2001) and the practices of the over 65 before, during and after the pandemic in different Italian territorial contexts. Method. The interview is the tool that was selected with the aim of reconstructing the representations and social practices of the participants. The semi-structured interview outline was built ad hoc for research and is divided into three sections concerning the social representations and practices of the elderly before, during and after the Coronavirus. The analyzes were conducted using the IRAMUTEQ software for Descending Hierarchical Analysis (Camargo and Justo, 2013). Main results. Despite the numerous difficulties deriving from the pandemic, the results of the research highlight the presence of positive social representations that include the example of the parents and grandparents of the interviewees, responsible and strong in facing the difficulties and hardships that characterized the reconstruction after World War II. The memory of the resilient elderly (past self of society – Mead, 1934;Markus, 1977 ± enriches the cognitive and emotional baggage of those farsighted young people (present self) who will accept the challenge of "living in cordata”! This is the metaphor that, in the light of the Theory of Social Representations, helps to anchor and objectify the3pact between generations” – deriving from the wisdom of grandparents – suitable for building a rich and consolidated future self of society. Conclusions and future perspectives. Studying how the elderly represent cognitively and how they emotionally deal with the particular historical moment has been relevant in an intergenerational psycho-social perspective. The strength of the research is precisely this point of view. The interest in the results obtained suggests expanding the collection of data, also improving the research methodology to promote representativeness. Applications. The research could also catch the attention of a wider audience in addition to the academic one, encouraging the opening of spaces for reflection on the importance of intergenerational social connections. The proposal that derives directly from the research results is that of the activation of intergenerational social laboratories (on the model of the one already active in Viterbo) in which the different generations can confront, structuring a dialogue in favor of the pact between generations. Copyright © FrancoAngeli.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):84, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067776

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To investigate the safety and efficacy of SARS-Cov-2 vaccination in a large international cohort of patients with primary Sjogren syndrome due to scarcity of data in this population. Methods. By the first week of May 2021, all Big Data Sjogren Consortium centers had been contacted and asked for Registry patients to be included in the study if they had received at least one dose of any SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. The in-charge physician asked patients about local and systemic reactogenicity, using a pre-defined electronic questionnaire to collect epidemiologic data, COVID 19 vaccination data, and COVID 19 vaccination side effects. Adverse events were defined as those reported by the patient at the site of injection within 7 days from vaccination (reactogenicity) as local adverse events, systemic symptoms as systemic side effects, and postvaccination AEs of special interest related to SS as SS flares. Results. The vaccination data of 1237 patients (1170 women, with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 50.5 13.2) were received. A total of 835 patients (67 percent) reported any adverse event, including local (53 percent) and systemic (50 percent) AEs. Subjective symptoms (63%) were the most common local AEs, followed by objective signs at the injection site (16%) and general symptoms were the most commonly reported systemic AEs (46 percent), followed by musculoskeletal (25 percent), gastrointestinal (9 percent), cardiopulmonary (3 percent), and neurological (2 percent). People under 60 years old had a higher risk of developing AE after vaccination (OR 2.48, CI 95 1.89-3.27 percent), as did those with low systemic SS activity (OR 1.62, CI 95 1.22-2.15) and those who received mRNA vaccines, according to a multivariate analysis (OR 1.57, CI 95 percent 1.12- 2.18). The risk of developing systemic AEs was also higher in women (OR 2.85, CI 95 percent 1.60-5.2346), White people (OR 1.73, CI 95 1.14-2.65), and those who received a deficient vaccination regimen (OR 1.78, CI 95 1.12-2.88 percent). In addition to 141 (11%) patients who reported a significant worsening/exacerbation of their pre-vaccination sicca symptoms as a result of post-vaccination SS flares, 15 (1.2%) patients (13 women, mean age at vaccination 41.9 years) reported active involvement in the glandular (n=8), articular (n=7), cutaneous (n=6), pulmonary (n=2), and peripheral nervous system (n=1) domains as post-vaccination systemic flare. All side effects and flares subsided within 1-3 weeks, with no lasting effects or deaths. In terms of vaccination efficacy, breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed after vaccination in three (0.24 percent) patients, all of whom recovered completely, and positive anti-SARS-Cov-2 antibodies were detected in approximately 95 percent of vaccinated SjS patients, according to data available. Conclusions. SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with primary SjS, like other vaccines with adequate response and no safety signals, raised no concerns about the vaccine's efficacy or safety.

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