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1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 2599, 2023 Feb 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2245378

ABSTRACT

The severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is related to the presence of comorbidities including metabolic diseases. We herein present data from the longitudinal prospective CovILD trial, and investigate the recovery from COVID-19 in individuals with dysglycemia and dyslipidemia. A total of 145 COVID-19 patients were prospectively followed and a comprehensive clinical, laboratory and imaging assessment was performed at 60, 100, 180, and 360 days after the onset of COVID-19. The severity of acute COVID-19 and outcome at early post-acute follow-up were significantly related to the presence of dysglycemia and dyslipidemia. Still, at long-term follow-up, metabolic disorders were not associated with an adverse pulmonary outcome, as reflected by a good recovery of structural lung abnormalities in both, patients with and without metabolic diseases. To conclude, dyslipidemia and dysglycemia are associated with a more severe course of acute COVID-19 as well as delayed early recovery but do not impair long-term pulmonary recovery.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dyslipidemias , Metabolic Diseases , Humans , COVID-19/complications , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Metabolic Diseases/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications
2.
Clin Nucl Med ; 47(12): 1026-1029, 2022 Dec 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2078007

ABSTRACT

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six post COVID-19 patients suspected for pulmonary fibrosis were scheduled for dual-tracer PET/CT with 18 F-FDG and 68 Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-46. The uptake of 68 Ga-FAPI-46 in the involved lung was compared with a control group of 9 non-COVID-19 patients. Clinical data and PET/CT imaging were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: PET/CT revealed in all 6 pulmonary impaired patients the reduced glucose avidity on 18 F-FDG and clear positivity on 68 Ga-FAPI-46 PET/CT in comparison to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing fibrotic repair mechanisms, 68 Ga-FAPI PET/CT may improve noninvasive clinical diagnostic performance in patients with long-term CT abnormalities after severe COVID-19. Although this study shows promising results, additional studies in larger populations are required to establish a general diagnostic guideline.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Gallium Radioisotopes
3.
Clin Infect Dis ; 75(1): e418-e431, 2022 08 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2008532

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long COVID, defined as the presence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms ≥28 days after clinical onset, is an emerging challenge to healthcare systems. The objective of the current study was to explore recovery phenotypes in nonhospitalized individuals with COVID-19. METHODS: A dual cohort, online survey study was conducted between September 2020 and July 2021 in the neighboring European regions Tyrol (TY; Austria, n = 1157) and South Tyrol (STY; Italy, n = 893). Data were collected on demographics, comorbid conditions, COVID-19 symptoms, and recovery in adult outpatients. Phenotypes of acute COVID-19, postacute sequelae, and risk of protracted recovery were explored using semi-supervised clustering and multiparameter least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) modeling. RESULTS: Participants in the study cohorts were predominantly working age (median age [interquartile range], 43 [31-53] years] for TY and 45 [35-55] years] for STY) and female (65.1% in TY and 68.3% in STY). Nearly half (47.6% in TY and 49.3% in STY) reported symptom persistence beyond 28 days. Two acute COVID-19 phenotypes were discerned: the nonspecific infection phenotype and the multiorgan phenotype (MOP). Acute MOP symptoms encompassing multiple neurological, cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal, and dermatological symptoms were linked to elevated risk of protracted recovery. The major subset of individuals with long COVID (49.3% in TY; 55.6% in STY) displayed no persistent hyposmia or hypogeusia but high counts of postacute MOP symptoms and poor self-reported physical recovery. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our 2-cohort analysis delineated phenotypic diversity of acute and postacute COVID-19 manifestations in home-isolated patients, which must be considered in predicting protracted convalescence and allocating medical resources.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Outpatients , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Radiology ; 304(2): 462-470, 2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1765163

ABSTRACT

Background The long-term pulmonary sequelae of COVID-19 is not well known. Purpose To characterize patterns and rates of improvement of chest CT abnormalities 1 year after COVID-19 pneumonia. Materials and Methods This was a secondary analysis of a prospective, multicenter observational cohort study conducted from April 29 to August 12, 2020, to assess pulmonary abnormalities at chest CT approximately 2, 3, and 6 months and 1 year after onset of COVID-19 symptoms. Pulmonary findings were graded for each lung lobe using a qualitative CT severity score (CTSS) ranging from 0 (normal) to 25 (all lobes involved). The association of demographic and clinical factors with CT abnormalities after 1 year was assessed with logistic regression. The rate of change of the CTSS at follow-up CT was investigated by using the Friedmann test. Results Of 142 enrolled participants, 91 underwent a 1-year follow-up CT examination and were included in the analysis (mean age, 59 years ± 13 [SD]; 35 women [38%]). In 49 of 91 (54%) participants, CT abnormalities were observed: 31 of 91 (34%) participants showed subtle subpleural reticulation, ground-glass opacities, or both, and 18 of 91 (20%) participants had extensive ground-glass opacities, reticulations, bronchial dilation, microcystic changes, or a combination thereof. At multivariable analysis, age of more than 60 years (odds ratio [OR], 5.8; 95% CI: 1.7, 24; P = .009), critical COVID-19 severity (OR, 29; 95% CI: 4.8, 280; P < .001), and male sex (OR, 8.9; 95% CI: 2.6, 36; P < .001) were associated with persistent CT abnormalities at 1-year follow-up. Reduction of CTSS was observed in participants at subsequent follow-up CT (P < .001); during the study period, 49% (69 of 142) of participants had complete resolution of CT abnormalities. Thirty-one of 49 (63%) participants with CT abnormalities showed no further improvement after 6 months. Conclusion Long-term CT abnormalities were common 1 year after COVID-19 pneumonia. © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Leung in this issue.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Injury , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
5.
Elife ; 112022 02 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1675184

ABSTRACT

Background: The optimal procedures to prevent, identify, monitor, and treat long-term pulmonary sequelae of COVID-19 are elusive. Here, we characterized the kinetics of respiratory and symptom recovery following COVID-19. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal, multicenter observational study in ambulatory and hospitalized COVID-19 patients recruited in early 2020 (n = 145). Pulmonary computed tomography (CT) and lung function (LF) readouts, symptom prevalence, and clinical and laboratory parameters were collected during acute COVID-19 and at 60, 100, and 180 days follow-up visits. Recovery kinetics and risk factors were investigated by logistic regression. Classification of clinical features and participants was accomplished by unsupervised and semi-supervised multiparameter clustering and machine learning. Results: At the 6-month follow-up, 49% of participants reported persistent symptoms. The frequency of structural lung CT abnormalities ranged from 18% in the mild outpatient cases to 76% in the intensive care unit (ICU) convalescents. Prevalence of impaired LF ranged from 14% in the mild outpatient cases to 50% in the ICU survivors. Incomplete radiological lung recovery was associated with increased anti-S1/S2 antibody titer, IL-6, and CRP levels at the early follow-up. We demonstrated that the risk of perturbed pulmonary recovery could be robustly estimated at early follow-up by clustering and machine learning classifiers employing solely non-CT and non-LF parameters. Conclusions: The severity of acute COVID-19 and protracted systemic inflammation is strongly linked to persistent structural and functional lung abnormality. Automated screening of multiparameter health record data may assist in the prediction of incomplete pulmonary recovery and optimize COVID-19 follow-up management. Funding: The State of Tyrol (GZ 71934), Boehringer Ingelheim/Investigator initiated study (IIS 1199-0424). Clinical trial number: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04416100.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Lung Diseases/epidemiology , Lung Diseases/physiopathology , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
6.
Infection ; 50(1): 263-267, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1372830

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are substantial concerns about fibrotic and vascular pulmonary sequelae after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).AQ1 Histopathology reports of lung biopsies from COVID-19 survivors are scarce. CASE: We herein report results of functional and histopathological studies in a 70 year-old man undergoing a co-incidental tumor lobectomy six months after long-term mechanical ventilation for COVID-19 pneumonia. CONCLUSION: Despite several unfavorable risk factors, this case presentation shows a completed pulmonary recovery process within a few months.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Aged , Humans , Lung , Male , Respiration, Artificial , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 276, 2020 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-883579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is frequently associated with hyperinflammation and hyperferritinemia. The latter is related to increased mortality in COVID-19. Still, it is not clear if iron dysmetabolism is mechanistically linked to COVID-19 pathobiology. METHODS: We herein present data from the ongoing prospective, multicentre, observational CovILD cohort study (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04416100), which systematically follows up patients after COVID-19. 109 participants were evaluated 60 days after onset of first COVID-19 symptoms including clinical examination, chest computed tomography and laboratory testing. RESULTS: We investigated subjects with mild to critical COVID-19, of which the majority received hospital treatment. 60 days after disease onset, 30% of subjects still presented with iron deficiency and 9% had anemia, mostly categorized as anemia of inflammation. Anemic patients had increased levels of inflammation markers such as interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein and survived a more severe course of COVID-19. Hyperferritinemia was still present in 38% of all individuals and was more frequent in subjects with preceding severe or critical COVID-19. Analysis of the mRNA expression of peripheral blood mononuclear cells demonstrated a correlation of increased ferritin and cytokine mRNA expression in these patients. Finally, persisting hyperferritinemia was significantly associated with severe lung pathologies in computed tomography scans and a decreased performance status as compared to patients without hyperferritinemia. DISCUSSION: Alterations of iron homeostasis can persist for at least two months after the onset of COVID-19 and are closely associated with non-resolving lung pathologies and impaired physical performance. Determination of serum iron parameters may thus be a easy to access measure to monitor the resolution of COVID-19. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT04416100.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/metabolism , Homeostasis , Iron/metabolism , Lung Diseases/etiology , Lung Diseases/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/metabolism , Adult , Aged , Anemia/etiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Female , Ferritins/blood , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation/etiology , Inflammation/metabolism , Interleukin-6/blood , Lung Diseases/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Monocytes/metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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