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1.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(10): e25667, 2021 10 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477696

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women use the internet to obtain information about pregnancy and childbirth. Over 50% of pregnant women use pregnancy apps and must search through thousands of pregnancy or women's health-related apps available on app stores. The COVID-19 pandemic is changing how women receive prenatal care. Mobile health apps may help maintain women's satisfaction with their prenatal care. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to identify pregnancy mobile apps and to evaluate the apps using a modified APPLICATIONS (app comprehensiveness, price, privacy, literature used, in-app purchases, connectivity, advertisements, text search field, images/videos, other special features, navigation ease, subjective presentation) scoring system. METHODS: A list of pregnancy apps was identified in the first 20 Google search results using the search term "pregnancy app." After excluding irrelevant, inaccurate, malfunctioning, or no longer available apps, all unique apps were downloaded and evaluated with the modified APPLICATIONS scoring system, which includes both objective and subjective criteria and evaluation of special features. RESULTS: A list of 57 unique pregnancy apps was generated. After 28 apps were excluded, the remaining 29 apps were evaluated, with a mean score of 9.4 points out of a maximum of 16. The highest scoring app scored 15 points. Over 60% (18/29) of apps did not have comprehensive information for every stage of pregnancy or did not contain all four desired components of pregnancy apps: health promotion/patient education, communication, health tracking, and notifications and reminders. Only 24% (7/29) of apps included a text search field, and only 28% (8/29) of apps cited literature. CONCLUSIONS: Our search yielded many high-scoring apps, but few contained all desired components and features. This list of identified and rated apps can lessen the burden on pregnant women and providers to find available apps on their own. Although health care providers should continue to vet apps before recommending them to patients, these findings also highlight that a Google search is a successful way for patients and providers to find useful and comprehensive pregnancy apps.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mobile Applications , Telemedicine , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2
2.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(10): e25667, 2021 10 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1410029

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women use the internet to obtain information about pregnancy and childbirth. Over 50% of pregnant women use pregnancy apps and must search through thousands of pregnancy or women's health-related apps available on app stores. The COVID-19 pandemic is changing how women receive prenatal care. Mobile health apps may help maintain women's satisfaction with their prenatal care. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to identify pregnancy mobile apps and to evaluate the apps using a modified APPLICATIONS (app comprehensiveness, price, privacy, literature used, in-app purchases, connectivity, advertisements, text search field, images/videos, other special features, navigation ease, subjective presentation) scoring system. METHODS: A list of pregnancy apps was identified in the first 20 Google search results using the search term "pregnancy app." After excluding irrelevant, inaccurate, malfunctioning, or no longer available apps, all unique apps were downloaded and evaluated with the modified APPLICATIONS scoring system, which includes both objective and subjective criteria and evaluation of special features. RESULTS: A list of 57 unique pregnancy apps was generated. After 28 apps were excluded, the remaining 29 apps were evaluated, with a mean score of 9.4 points out of a maximum of 16. The highest scoring app scored 15 points. Over 60% (18/29) of apps did not have comprehensive information for every stage of pregnancy or did not contain all four desired components of pregnancy apps: health promotion/patient education, communication, health tracking, and notifications and reminders. Only 24% (7/29) of apps included a text search field, and only 28% (8/29) of apps cited literature. CONCLUSIONS: Our search yielded many high-scoring apps, but few contained all desired components and features. This list of identified and rated apps can lessen the burden on pregnant women and providers to find available apps on their own. Although health care providers should continue to vet apps before recommending them to patients, these findings also highlight that a Google search is a successful way for patients and providers to find useful and comprehensive pregnancy apps.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mobile Applications , Telemedicine , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2
3.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0238409, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-968087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 infection on Labor and Delivery (L&D) units is a critical strategy to manage patient and health worker safety, especially in a vulnerable high-prevalence community. We describe the results of a SARS-CoV-2 universal screening program at the L&D Unit at Elmhurst Hospital in Queens, NY, a 545-bed public hospital serving a diverse, largely immigrant and low-income patient population and an epicenter of the global pandemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study. All pregnant women admitted to the L&D Unit of Elmhurst Hospital from March 29, 2020 to April 22, 2020 were included for analysis. The primary outcomes of the study were: (1) SARS-CoV-2 positivity among universally screened pregnant women, stratified by demographic characteristics, maternal comorbidities, and delivery outcomes; and (2) Symptomatic or asymptomatic presentation at the time of testing among SARS-CoV-2 positive women. A total of 126 obstetric patients were screened for SARS-CoV-2 between March 29 and April 22. Of these, 37% were positive. Of the women who tested positive, 72% were asymptomatic at the time of testing. Patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 were more likely to be of Hispanic ethnicity (unadjusted difference 24.4 percentage points, CI 7.9, 41.0) and report their primary language as Spanish (unadjusted difference 32.9 percentage points, CI 15.8, 49.9) than patients who tested negative. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study of data from a universal SARS-Cov-2 screening program implemented in the L&D unit of a safety-net hospital in Queens, New York, we found over one-third of pregnant women testing positive, the majority of those asymptomatic. The rationale for universal screening at the L&D Unit at Elmhurst Hospital was to ensure safety of patients and staff during an acute surge in SARS-Cov-2 infections through appropriate identification and isolation of pregnant women with positive test results. Women were roomed by their SARS-CoV-2 status given increasing space limitations. In addition, postpartum counseling was tailored to infection status. We quickly established discharge counseling and follow-up protocols tailored to their specific social needs. The experience at Elmhurst Hospital is instructive for other L&D units serving vulnerable populations and for pandemic preparedness.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , New York/epidemiology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(9)2020 Sep 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-772239

ABSTRACT

Aortic dissection and rupture is a rare occurrence in pregnant and postpartum patients. This case discusses the presentation and diagnosis of a patient with an acute contained thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture at 38 weeks of gestation, after presenting with throat pain and syncope during the COVID-19 pandemic. The patient underwent emergent caesarean delivery for non-reassuring fetal heart tracing, following which continued syncope workup revealed an aortic aneurysm and pericardial effusion. Diagnosis in this case was finalised with multimodality imaging, including transthoracic echocardiogram, and the patient underwent surgical aortic repair.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/virology , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/virology , Aortic Rupture/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , Adult , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Pregnancy
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