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3.
J Nucl Med ; 63(2): 270-273, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1753320

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess the temporal evolution of pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and post-COVID-19 lung disease (PCLD). Methods: Using our hospital's clinical electronic records, we retrospectively identified 23 acute COVID-19, 18 PCLD, and 9 completely recovered 18F-FDG PET/CT patients during the 2 peaks of the U.K. pandemic. Pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake was measured as a lung target-to-background ratio (TBRlung = SUVmax/SUVmin) and compared with temporal stage. Results: In acute COVID-19, less than 3 wk after infection, TBRlung was strongly correlated with time after infection (r s = 0.81, P < 0.001) and was significantly higher in the late stage than in the early stage (P = 0.001). In PCLD, TBRlung was lower in patients treated with high-dose steroids (P = 0.003) and in asymptomatic patients (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake in COVID-19 increases with time after infection. In PCLD, pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake rises despite viral clearance, suggesting ongoing inflammation. There was lower pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake in PCLD patients treated with steroids.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/pharmacokinetics , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Radiopharmaceuticals/pharmacokinetics , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
4.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(9): 2220, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1640818

ABSTRACT

The authors P. Orellana and N. El-Haj were inadvertently deleted in the original paper.

5.
Semin Nucl Med ; 52(1): 17-24, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1294522

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly changed hospital activities, including nuclear medicine (NM) practice. This review aimed to determine and describe the impact of COVID-19 on NM in Europe and critically discuss actions and strategies applied to face the pandemic. A literature search for relevant articles was performed on PubMed, covering COVID-19 studies published up until January 21, 2021. The findings were summarized according to general and specific activities within the NM departments. The pandemic strongly challenged NM departments: a reduction in the workforce has been experienced in almost every center in Europe due to personnel diagnosed with COVID-19 and other reasons related to the coronavirus. NM departments introduced procedures to limit COVID-19 transmission, including environmental and personal hygiene, social distancing, rescheduling of non-high-priority procedures, the correct use of personal protective equipment, and prompt identification of suspect COVID-19 cases. A proportion of the departments experienced a delay in radiopharmaceuticals supply or technical assistance during the pandemic. Furthermore, the pandemic resulted in a significant reduction of diagnostic and therapeutic NM procedures, as well as a reduced level of care for patients affected by diseases other than COVID-19, such as cancer or acute cardiovascular disease. Telemedicine services have been set up to maintain medical assistance for patients. COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped human work resources, patient's diagnostic and therapeutic management, operative models, radiopharmaceutical supplies, teaching, training and research of NM departments. Limits of availability of resources emerged. Nonetheless, we have to provide continuity in care, especially for fragile patients, maintaining infection control measures. Challenges that have been faced should reshape our vision and get us prepared for the future.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nuclear Medicine , Europe/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Semin Nucl Med ; 52(1): 41-47, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275973

ABSTRACT

From the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic we, the nuclear medicine (NM) community, expediently mobilized to enable continuity of essential services to the best of our abilities. For example, we effectuated adapted guidelines for NM standard operating procedures (SOPs) and enacted heightened infection protection measures for staff, patients, and the public, alike. Challenges in radionuclide supply chains were identified and often met. NM procedural volumes declined globally and underwent restoration of varying degrees, contingent upon local contexts. Serial surveys have gauged and chronicled such geographical variance of the impact of COVID-19 on NM service delivery and, though it may be too early to fully understand the long-term consequences of reduced NM services, overall, we can certainly expect that this era adversely affected the management of many patients afflicted with non-communicable diseases. Today we are unquestionably better prepared to face unforeseen outbreaks, but a degree of uncertainty lingers. Which lessons learned will endure in the form of permanent NM pandemic preparedness procedures and protocols? In this spirit, the present manuscript presents a revision of prior recommendations issued mid-pandemic to NM centers, some of which may become mainstays in NM service delivery and implementation. Discussed herein are (1) comparative worldwide survey results of the measurable impact of COVID-19 on the practice of nuclear medicine (2) the definitions of a pandemic and its phases (3) relevant, recently developed or updated guidelines specific to nuclear medicine (4) incidental findings of COVID-19 on hybrid nuclear medicine studies performed primarily for oncologic indications and (5) how pertinent pedagogical methods for medical education, research, and development have been re-invented in a suddenly more virtual world. NM professionals shall indefinitely adopt many of the measures implemented during this pandemic, to enable continuity of essential services while preventing the spread of the virus. Which ones? Practices must remain ready for possible new peaks or variants of the roiling COVID-19 contagion and for the emergence of potential new pathogens that may incite future outbreaks or pandemics. Communications technologies are here to stay and will continue to be used in a broad spectrum of applications, from telemedicine to education, but how best? NM departments must align synergistically with these trends, considering what adaptations to a more virtual professional environment should not only last but be further innovated. The paper aims to provide recent history, analysis, and a springboard for continued constructive dialogue. To best navigate the future, NM must continue to learn from this crisis and must continue to bring new questions, evidence, ideas, and warranted systematic updates to the figurative table.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nuclear Medicine , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Nucl Med Commun ; 42(2): 127-137, 2021 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-975382

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of the first wave of COVID-19 on National Health Service (NHS) 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) scanning activity across England. METHODS: Monthly FDG PET-CT scanning activity was collected from 41/48 NHS England provider sites. Data from 31/41 sites were stratified by nononcology/oncology, cancer type, with lung cancer and lymphoma split into specific indications, turn-around times and delays due to radiotracer. RESULTS: In April and May 2020, a 32 and 31% decrease in activity was observed, a larger decrease for noncancer compared with cancer FDG PET-CT. In June 2020, activity started to recover with 6% fewer scans recorded compared with June 2019. Of the six most common indications, lung and oesophageal cancer had the largest decrease in activity and slowest recovery. Lymphoma and melanoma showed the smallest decrease and fastest recovery. Lung cancer scans for initial diagnosis/staging saw the largest fall and slowest recovery compared with scans for known lung cancer. There was no percentage increase in overall turn-around time compared with the same months in 2019, and no increase in turn-around time of more than 7 working days due to FDG supply during April and May 2020 compared with the 3 previous months. CONCLUSIONS: There is no correlation between FDG PET-CT activity (fall and recovery) in England and the ability to provide the service by NHS England. It most likely reflects a combination of changes in health-seeking behaviour, NHS health policy and a decrease in the use of investigations that carry a high risk of COVID-19 transmission.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , National Health Programs/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , England/epidemiology , Humans , Retrospective Studies
11.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(1): 269-281, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-695780

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The emergence of the novel SARS-CoV-2 pathogen and lethal COVID-19 disease pandemic poses major diagnostic challenges. The study aims to describe the spectrum and prevalence of thoracic and extrathoracic incidental findings in patients who have undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT during the first 3 weeks of the COVID-19 UK lockdown. METHODS: This is a single-centre retrospective controlled observational study. 18F-FDG PET/CT scans (n = 160) acquired from 23/3/2020 to 9/4/2020 were retrospectively reviewed for incidental findings in the lungs and extrapulmonary sites (heart, nasal sinuses, parotid and salivary glands, colon, large vessels, renal cortex, brain, spleen and testes). A date-matched control group (n = 205) of patients from 2019 was used for comparison. RESULTS: The total prevalence of suspicious findings was 26/160 (16.25%). Fifteen patients presented with incidental findings in the lungs, while eleven patients had only non-pulmonary incidental findings. There was a significant increase in the appearance of incidental 18F-FDG PET/CT findings during the 2nd week (OR = 3.8) and 3rd week (OR = 7.6) in relation to the 1st week. There was a significant increase in the average maximum standardised uptake values (SUVmax) in the parotid/salivary glands of patients scanned during week 2 in relation to week 1 (p = 0.036). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of incidental findings compared to the control group, but the number of pulmonary vs. extrathoracic findings was different between the two populations. CONCLUSION: The study provides a novel base of evidence to identify asymptomatic patients and those without symptoms strongly associated with COVID-19 with incidental 18F-FDG PET/CT findings suspicious of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the initial stages of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Incidental Findings , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiopharmaceuticals , United Kingdom
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