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Int J Clin Pract ; 75(7): e14182, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1148069


BACKGROUND: There are some data showing that repurposed drugs used for the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) have potential to increase the risk of QTc prolongation and torsade de pointes (TdP), and these arrhythmic side effects have not been adequately addressed in COVID-19 patients treated with these repurposed medications. METHODS: This is the prospective study of 2403 patients hospitalised at 13 hospitals within the COVID-19 epicentres of the Iran. These patients were treated with chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir, atazanavir/ritonavir, oseltamivir, favipiravir and remdesivir alone or in combination with azithromycin. The primary outcome of the study was incidence of critical QTc prolongation, and secondary outcomes were incidences of TdP and death. RESULTS: Of the 2403 patients, 2365 met inclusion criteria. The primary outcome of QTc ≥ 500 ms and ∆QTc ≥ 60 ms was observed in 11.2% and 17.6% of the patients, respectively. The secondary outcomes of TdP and death were reported in 0.38% and 9.8% of the patients, respectively. The risk of critical QT prolongation increased in the presence of female gender, history of heart failure, treatment with hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin combination therapy, simultaneous furosemide or beta-blocker therapy and acute renal or hepatic dysfunction. However, the risk of TdP was predicted by treatment with lopinavir-ritonavir, simultaneous amiodarone or furosemide administration and hypokalaemia during treatment. CONCLUSION: This cohort showed significant QTc prolongation with all COVID-19 medications studied, however, life-threatening arrhythmia of TdP occurred rarely. Among the repurposed drugs studied, hydroxychloroquine or lopinavir-ritonavir alone or in combination with azithromycin clearly demonstrated to increase the risk of critical QT prolongation and/or TdP.

COVID-19 , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Torsades de Pointes , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Iran , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Torsades de Pointes/chemically induced , Torsades de Pointes/epidemiology
Kardiol Pol ; 78(12): 1227-1234, 2020 12 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1043962


BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) as the treatment of choice for ST­segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) should be rapidly performed. It is necessary to use preventive strategies during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID­19) outbreak, which is an ongoing global concern. However, critical times in STEMI management may be influenced by the implementation of infection control protocols. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the impact of our dedicated COVID­19 PPCI protocol on time components related to STEMI care and catheterization laboratory personnel safety. A subendpoint analysis to compare patient outcomes at a median time of 70 days during the pandemic with those of patients treated in the preceding year was another objective of our study. METHODS: Patients with STEMI who underwent PPCI were included in this study. Chest computed tomography (CT) and real­time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT­PCR) tests were performed in patients suspected of having COVID­19. A total of 178 patients admitted between February 29 and April 30, 2020 were compared with 146 patients admitted between March 1 and April 30, 2019. RESULTS: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was confirmed by rRT­PCR in 7 cases. In 6 out of 7 patients, CT was indicative of COVID­19. There were no differences between the study groups regarding critical time intervals for reperfusion in STEMI. The 70­day mortality rate before and during the pandemic was 2.73% and 4.49%, respectively (P = 0.4). CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of the dedicated COVID­19 PPCI protocol in patients with STEMI allowed us to achieve similar target times for reperfusion, short­term clinical outcomes, and staff safety as in the prepandemic era.

COVID-19/complications , Clinical Protocols , Coronary Angiography/standards , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/standards , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/standards , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Poland , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome