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Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis Conference ; 6(Supplement 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2128225


Background: In coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) the need for intervention increases with disease severity and a risk prediction model that incorporates biomarkers would be beneficial for identifying patients for treatment escalation. Aim(s): To investigate biomarkers changes associated with disease severity and outcomes (mortality, thrombosis). Method(s): COVID-19 patients were sampled between April 15 and May 31 2020. Disease severity was assessed by World Health Organization (WHO) ordinal scale. 132 systemic biomarkers were investigated by routine and multiplex assays and statistical analysis performed to characterise the biomarker profile of COVID-19 patients associated with disease severity, duration, survival and thrombosis. Result(s): The study enrolled 150 COVID-19 positive adults and 16 healthy volunteers. The average age was 64 years, 59% were male, 85% had co-morbidities, 33% had a thrombotic event, and 13% died. A cross comparative analysis of biomarkers identified 13 biomarkers common to severity, mortality and thrombosis with significant correlation;including endothelial dysfunction (VWF, tPA, TFPI), hypercatabolism (low albumin, Hb, FXIII) and inflammatory response (IL-8, Osteopontin). Similarly, 14 biomarkers associated with severity and mortality included pro-inflammatory cytokines and their receptors (sTNFRII, STNFRI, sIL2a, IL6, MIP1a), neutrophils (elevated WBC, Neutrophils, TIMP1) and tissue remodelling (SCGF, EG3A). Nine biomarkers common across severity and thrombosis were angiogenesis (VEGF, LYVE1, Follistatin), acute phase response (SAP, AGP) and clot formation (Fibrinogen and PAPs). Conclusion(s): The biomarker profile associated with poorer outcomes indicates an inflammatory response, endothelial cell disruption, hypercoagulability and hypercatabolism. This study has identified several biomarkers that may be useful indicators of disease severity and progression. Further work is needed to determine how these may be used to direct clinical management. (Figure Presented).